„Katastrophen Sind Prüfungen Allahs“: Alltagserfahrungen Muslimischer Gelehrter in Nord-Ghana
AbstractThis article analyses interpretations by Muslim scholars of societal crises and
calamities in Ghana. The first part focuses on presentations by modern scholars
I interviewed in northern Ghana in 2001. The second part discusses two texts on
societal stress by al-Hajj ʿUmar ibn Abi Bakr ibn ʿUthman al-Kabbawi al-Kanawi
al-Salaghawi (d. 1934). What kind of event is seen as a catastrophe by Muslim
scholars? In general, the scholars distinguished between manmade catastrophes
and those sent by God. The first type includes the various so-called Northern
Conflicts of the 1990s. The second is interpreted as God testing a person and
his faith. The bottom line is the argument that sickness, lack of rain, and even
civil war can be interpreted as warnings and challenges for both the individual
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