AFinLA-e: Soveltavan kielitieteen tutkimuksia https://journal.fi/afinla <p>AFinLA-e: Soveltavan kielitieteen tutkimuksia on avoin verkkojulkaisu, jossa julkaistaan teemajulkaisuja. Niiden artikkelit ovat käyneet läpi vastaavan vertaisarvioinnin kuin AFinLAn vuosikirjassa julkaistavat artikkelit.</p> <p>AFinLA-e&nbsp;on&nbsp;29.2.2016 alkaen ottanut käyttöön Tieteellisten seurain valtuuskunnan vertaisarviointitunnuksen ja sitoutunut noudattamaan sen käytölle asetettuja ehtoja (ks.&nbsp;<a href="http://www.tsv.fi/tunnus" target="_blank" rel="noopener">http://www.tsv.fi/tunnus</a>). Tunnus merkitään myöntöpäivämäärän jälkeen julkaistuihin kokoomateoksiin sekä niihin sisältyviin artikkeleihin. Muutos ei vaikuta aiempiin julkaisuihin; ne on vertaisarvioitu samoja kriteerejä ja periaatteita noudattaen.</p> <p><img src="/public/site/images/jjalkanen/VA_tunnus_tekstein_pieni1.png" alt=""><br><br>ISSN 1798-7822</p> Suomen soveltavan kielitieteen yhdistys AFinLA ry fi-FI AFinLA-e: Soveltavan kielitieteen tutkimuksia 1798-7822 <p>Tekijänoikeus säilyy kirjoittajalla siten, että sen alkuperäinen julkaisuoikeus on tällä lehdellä (AFinLA-e: Soveltavan kielitieteen tutkimuksia).&nbsp; Artikkelia voi vapaasti käyttää opetuksessa ja muihin ei-kaupallisiin tarkoituksiin siten, että lähteenä mainitaan tekijä(t), artikkeli, lehden nimi ja numero sekä artikkelin URL-osoite kokonaisuudessaan.</p> <ul> <li><em>The license of the published metadata is Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).</em></li> <li><em>Julkaistujen</em> <em>artikkeleiden</em> <em>metadatan</em> <em>käyttölisenssi</em><em> on Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0). </em></li> <li><a href="https://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/">https://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/</a></li> </ul> Taidetta ja tutkimusta näyttelyssä https://journal.fi/afinla/article/view/84523 <p class="AFinLAtiivistelm"><span lang="EN-GB">The aim of this study is to describe how linguistic biographies and photographic art complement each other in an exhibition. The exhibition was part of a project on biographies that were collected through conducting interviews, and some of the interviewees were subsequently photographed. The photos and written summaries that were based on the interviews were displayed together. This article discusses how photos are interpreted in relation to biographies. The data consist of the learning diaries of the students who visited the exhibition, interviews with the photographer and with some of those who were photographed. The linguistically oriented content analysis reveals that the interpretations of the photos were predominantly based on where the photographs were taken as well as on the appearance of the person in the photo. The informants also connected their observations to the use of languages and language attitudes of the interviewees who were photographed. In addition, the article analyses how the photographer discusses his choices of place and setting during the process of constructing linguistic biographies.</span></p> Kaarina Mononen Hanna Lappalainen Copyright (c) 2020-04-16 2020-04-16 12 1 31 10.30660/afinla.84523 Kokemuksen keholliset esitykset https://journal.fi/afinla/article/view/84314 <p class="AFinLAtiivistelm"><span lang="EN-US">The term <em>social circus</em> refers to pedagogical circus activities that are used to foster collaboration and interaction between the participants. This paper is based on a research project that aimed to analyze how the embodied nature of social circus activities is related to second language use and learning. The participants are adult second language speakers of Finnish with emerging literacy, and the data has been gathered with the methods of video-ethnography and analyzed using multimodal conversation analysis (Mondada 2014). The focus of analysis on the participants’ turns that combine the grammatical resources of Finnish with embodied means. These turns occur as part of a reflective activity during which the participants share their thoughts on the circus activities.&nbsp; The analysis shows how the collaborative nature of the circus activities is reflected in language use and highlights the embodied nature of language use and learning</span><span lang="EN-GB">.</span></p> Niina Lilja Riku Laakkonen Laura Sariola Terhi Tapaninen Copyright (c) 2020-04-16 2020-04-16 12 32 56 10.30660/afinla.84314 Tutkiva käytäntö tieteidenvälisessä oppimisympäristössä https://journal.fi/afinla/article/view/84540 <p class="AFinLAtiivistelm"><span lang="EN-US">This article deals with professional growth and language awareness of an interdisciplinary learning environment designed for and with BA students of Theatre arts (n=12) and MA students of Finnish language (n=19). Research was set out to investigate the language regard of the course participants following principles of Exploratory Practice, which positions learners as co-researchers. Autoethnographic-like diary writing was used as a means for individual ‘puzzling’ (Hanks 2017, 2019) throughout the course.&nbsp; Based on qualitative content analysis of the participants’ diary data, the article presents a case study on the professional growths as reflected on by the participants during the course. The analysis reveals that the puzzling-based cross-disciplinary course offered as a fruitful learning environment from the point of view of recognition, deepening and widening of one’s expertise in terms of but also beyond language awareness. The initial findings of the study encourage to challenge the layperson</span><span lang="EN-US">-</span><span lang="EN-US">professional dichotomy often present in Folk linguistic research settings</span><span lang="EN-GB">.</span></p> Johanna Vaattovaara Tiina Syrjä Copyright (c) 2020-04-16 2020-04-16 12 57 83 10.30660/afinla.84540 S2-lukija tulkitsijana selkomukautetun kaunokirjallisuuden lukupiirissä https://journal.fi/afinla/article/view/84900 <p>This article discusses reading circles of adult Finnish as a second language (L2) readers. The books that were read and discussed in the circles were easy-to-read fiction. The study focuses on how the readers interpret what they read and what kind of support they need for their interpretations. The analysis utilizes the concept of scaffolding, used in socio-cultural learning theory. The readers’ reading stances vary from what is literally said in the text to creating their own interpretations of the hidden meanings of the text. The latter are not very common in the reading circles, although many participants express a wish to create and discuss interpretations too. The analysis shows that interpretations can emerge if the participants are scaffolded in the reading circle by the teacher and other readers. The study thus provides useful information for designing reading circles in adult language education.</p> Mervi Kastari Copyright (c) 2020-04-16 2020-04-16 12 84 107 10.30660/afinla.84900 Luokkahuonevuorovaikutusta ja kehollista taidekasvatusta lukion musiikintunnilla https://journal.fi/afinla/article/view/84386 <p class="AFinLAtiivistelm"><span lang="EN-GB">The article examines classroom interaction during a Finnish high school music lesson, using ethnomethodological multimodal conversation analysis as both a theoretical and methodological approach. It explores how artistic action and aesthetic experience become visible in moment-by-moment interaction in a context of everyday school lesson. Embodiment and continuity function as central features in pedagogical process aiming at artistic expression, and emerging both socially and individually. This shows conformity to e.g. John Dewey´s philosophical understanding of aesthetic experience. The analysis demonstrates the multilayeredness of the interaction in school music lesson. In the data extract, student participation in the artistic activity during the lesson is characterized by stylized performances and restrained embodiment. The music teacher orients to these forms of student participation as normal embodied institutional activities, not as students’ resistance towards her artistic or pedagogical activity.</span></p> Johanna Paalanen Copyright (c) 2020-04-16 2020-04-16 12 108 138 10.30660/afinla.84386 Negotiating membership and participation across languages in performative community arts https://journal.fi/afinla/article/view/84567 <p class="AFinLAtiivistelm"><span lang="EN-GB">This article examines multilingual English–Finnish interaction in a community art group, comprising dancers with varying cultural backgrounds, linguistic competences and physical abilities. The group is defined as an artistic / English as a lingua franca community of practice. The study avails of the authors’ ethnographic participant observation in the community and transcribed audiovisual data. Through conversation analysis and membership categorization analysis, the study centers on the negotiation of a role-playing exercise: how language choices reflect identity and enable participation, how individual and social motives and foci of attention contribute to the process of co-creation, and how the discussants merge reality and fiction in transitioning into the world of art. Besides aspects of membership and participation, the analysis uncovers ambiguities that emerge in the collaboration of participants with asymmetric language skills and diverse backgrounds. It also addresses the potential of community art to create an inclusive environment with artistic value.</span></p> Heli Paulasto Anna Logrén Copyright (c) 2020-04-16 2020-04-16 12 139 162 10.30660/afinla.84567 Myyntityötä ja osallistumisen säätelyä https://journal.fi/afinla/article/view/84538 <p class="AFinLAtiivistelm"><span lang="EN-US">In this paper, we investigate the professional practices of hybrid artist-developers in contemporary working life. More specifically, we focus on a case where an artist instructs a theatre-based exercise in workplace training and study what kinds of skills it requires from the artist to act in this role outside the conventional art institutions. By utilizing the concept of sales work and investigating both the verbal and embodied resources in the design of the artists’ turn, we show how the position of the artist is both multifaceted and challenging. While inviting the audience members to participate in the exercise and directing its proceeding, the artist needs to constantly present the exercise in a favorable light – to “sell” it – as well as to reshape her actions according to the demands and turn-by-turn unfolding of the situation. We also show how the trainees can, for their part, regulate their participation in the exercise.</span></p> Piia Mikkola Riikka Nissi Copyright (c) 2020-04-16 2020-04-16 12 163 191 10.30660/afinla.84538 Keskustelua kuvassa? Viiva ja väri vuorovaikutuksellisena toimintana https://journal.fi/afinla/article/view/84728 <p class="AFinLAtiivistelm"><span lang="EN-GB">This paper discusses visual art in the context of a project for aphatic people and their family members. The project was carried out to enhance the participants’ capability for artistic expression and especially to enable them to experience visual art as a means of interaction in two different settings. In the first case, the interaction was realized through the artistic effort of individual participants working with visual material that functioned as a starting point for their work. In the second case, the artistic effort was shared interactively by two participants, primarily in a linguistically asymmetrical setting where one participant's linguistic competence was weakened due to a stroke followed by aphasia. The art </span><span lang="EN-GB">works</span><span lang="EN-GB">are discussed here from the artistic and philosophical points of view, revealing possible interactional elements and meanings. Moreover, based on the observed artistic inspiration and findings, the article discusses the possibilities and implications of visual art in aphasia therapy, focusing on some linguistic aspects and the nature of visual and pictorial elements. Finally, directions for further research are outlined for a better insight of the phenomenon of visual </span><span lang="EN-GB">intersubjectivity</span><span lang="EN-GB"> in this special setting, thus opening new paths for research concerning visual art, linguistics, and aphasia.</span></p> Sari Karjalainen Copyright (c) 2020 AFinLA-e: Soveltavan kielitieteen tutkimuksia 2020-04-16 2020-04-16 12 192 217 10.30660/afinla.84728 Towards a shared understanding https://journal.fi/afinla/article/view/84488 <p class="AFinLAtiivistelm"><span lang="EN-GB">This article scrutinizes the trajectory of an evaluation of the visual appearance of an artistic installation, during a conversation between a visual artist and a critic. The study analyzes how the artist receives and responds to the critic’s evaluations of the artwork in three different phases of evaluative discourse: an initial, an elaborating, and a concluding one. The artist’s responses change from minimal responses and hypothetical solutions, via repeating utterances, to overt agreements and outspoken explanations. The development of the artist’s response to the critic’s evaluations reflects an increase in the participants’ shared intersubjective understanding and in the artist’s strengthened epistemic position: the critique can be accepted only after the artist has gone through interactional phases that lead up to an appreciation of the critique that thus can be commented on and partly transformed.</span></p> Sara Rönnqvist Copyright (c) 2020-04-16 2020-04-16 12 218 241 10.30660/afinla.84488 Värinkuvaus maalaustaiteen kuvailutulkkauksessa https://journal.fi/afinla/article/view/84569 <p class="AFinLAtiivistelm"><span lang="EN-US">This paper addresses the variation within color expressions in modern Finnish and the processes behind their semantic structures in audio description of visual art. Visually impaired people are entitled to experience art in its all aspects and for this purpose, museums offer audio described guidance in their exhibitions. Audio description is intersemiotic translation where visually observed parts of the work are translated into language. The study is based on audio description manuscripts from four Finnish art museums that are analyzed in comparison to the contextual aspects. The theoretical and methodological framework of this study is cognitive linguistic. Results of the analysis indicate that there is a wide-ranging diverse within color expressions, and their meanings differ based on the contexts where the expressions are used. These observations are discussed in relation to the existing guidelines regarding audio description.</span></p> Veera Hatakka Copyright (c) 2020-04-16 2020-04-16 12 242 267 10.30660/afinla.84569 Miten yksi keho muuttui moneksi https://journal.fi/afinla/article/view/84566 <p class="AFinLAtiivistelm"><span lang="EN-GB">This article discusses the enormous potential of interdisciplinary conversation. In this particular case, the conversation is between musicologists and a linguist, and concerns conceptual metaphors describing emotional experiences. While conceptual metaphor theory was formed through considering the embodied experience of individual human beings, recent research in musicology has focused on intersubjectivity, that is, group experiences and discussions. Albeit already familiar with intersubjectivity, linguists can certainly learn from musicologists. Another fruitful point of contact is to compare many cognitive linguists’ focus on emotions as forces that can make a person behave uncontrollably with musicologists’ preferred understanding of emotions as regulated in the moment. This brings us closer to our lived, everyday experiences. Such considerations may serve not only as a basis for interdisciplinary collaboration but also as an opportunity to envision new ways of conducting linguistic research.</span></p> Heli Tissari Copyright (c) 2020-04-16 2020-04-16 12 268 284 10.30660/afinla.84566 Kieli ja taide https://journal.fi/afinla/article/view/90774 <p>This article introduces the AFinLA-e thematic issue focusing on creative inquiry in applied linguistics. This is a relatively new field of research, but it is expanding fast. Our aim is therefore to give a brief general introduction into this transdisciplinary field – its trajectories, approaches, methods and future directions – and to describe the contributions that the articles in this issue make into the growing body of work. The articles display a variety of research topics and approaches, illustrative of the diversity of research in the field. Art adopts a number of different roles: context, medium, process, partner, or the outcome of a research project. The articles cover various art forms, such as music, literature, visual arts, social circus, dance and photography, as well as a number of approaches to language and communication.</p> Sari Pöyhönen Heli Paulasto Copyright (c) 2020-04-17 2020-04-17 12 i xx 10.30660/afinla.90774