Architectural Research in Finland <p>The journal "Architectural Research in Finland" is serving an academic publishing &nbsp;forum to the research field &nbsp;covering a variety of scales from technical details to global issues of urban and regional development. Architectural research &nbsp;is interdisciplinary by nature, covering technical sciences on construction and digital tools, social sciences on urbanism, environmental sciences on the impacts of urbanization and on landscape, and humanities on the history and theory of architecture. In addition to this, architecture as an art and design practice is more and more used as a research method on its own, as arts-based research or research by design.</p> <p>The papers published as articles in the journal are treated fairly and equally and with academic rigour, by &nbsp;reviewers on doctoral level, &nbsp;in order to provide a respectable forum for publishing new results of architectural research in Finland, as well as critical debate on the contemporary issues relevant to architecture.</p> <p>In May 2018 ARF was ranked at Level 1 (basic) in the Finnish Publication Forum classification system.</p> en-US (Kimmo Lapintie) (Helena Teräväinen) Wed, 11 Aug 2021 18:32:00 +0300 OJS 60 The 1950s and 1960s Modern Home <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span>This article is based on my keynote lecture at the architectural research symposium held at Aalto University on October 25, 2018. The lecture dealt with my doctoral dissertation: <em>Modern Home. Single-family housing ideals as presented in Finnish architecture and interior design magazines in the 1950s and 1960s. </em>(Sanaksenaho, 2017<em>)<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></em></p> Pirjo Sanaksenaho Copyright (c) 2021 Architectural Research in Finland Wed, 11 Aug 2021 00:00:00 +0300 Symbolic Geographies, Nordic Inspirations, and Baltic Identities <p>"In Finland we really felt architecture", Lithuanian architect Vytautas Čekanauskas used to say remembering his first study trip to Finland in 1959. Impact of Nordic design is often emphasised when discussing Baltic design of the State Socialist period. When new residential districts in the 1960s were built among the trees in existing pine forests, as happened in Āgenskalna Priedesin Riga, Mustamäe in Tallinn, and Lazdynai in Vilnius, then Tapiola in Helsinki was most often cited as inspiration. Indeed, as opportunities for tourist travel and foreign exchange programs increased in the late 1950s, the Soviet Architects' Association began to organize professional delegations that included several representatives from each of the Baltic republics, dispatched on fact-finding missions to Finland. But why Nordic concept of regionalism became so important in the formation of the Baltic post-war modernism ? In the paper it is argued, that Finnish modern architecture, that was experienced at first hand during the study trips, was perceived as an acceptable model for the Baltic architects who wished to belong to the international community of modern architecture, yet retaining a national idiom and being distinctive within the USSR. </p> Marija Dremaite Copyright (c) 2021 Architectural Research in Finland Wed, 11 Aug 2021 00:00:00 +0300 Preface of Editor-in-chief Kimmo Lapintie Copyright (c) 2021 Architectural Research in Finland Wed, 11 Aug 2021 00:00:00 +0300 Editor's Foreword Helena Marja Teräväinen Copyright (c) 2021 Architectural Research in Finland Wed, 11 Aug 2021 00:00:00 +0300 Shouldn’t All Architecture Be Designed with Empathy? <p>Rapid urbanisation and, as a result fast growing informal areas, increase the need for affordable housing. This urgent need requires new forms of input from the architects active in the Global South. The profession must adapt and evolve. Based on previous research, I argue that to build sustainable communities, the residents must be heard and be part of the development process. To involve residents, architects can use new contextually suitable and effective design methods. The study comprised action research on an affordable housing design project in Zanzibar, Tanzania. This paper presents the early stages of a design process for a project still in progress. A close look at the Zanzibar case reveals four human-centred methods from the design discipline to the architectural design process: applied ethnography, empathic design, contextual design, co-design and participatory design. Through the analyses of these different methods, I explored the importance of empathy while designing in settings with contextual constraints. The study revealed the potential of developing empathic methods from the design discipline in the context of architectural design. Further, it suggests that empathic methods can be used by architects pursuing sustainable development.&nbsp;</p> Helena Sandman Copyright (c) 2021 Architectural Research in Finland Wed, 11 Aug 2021 00:00:00 +0300 Digital Documentation in Architecture <p>This article presents the ambitious potentialities in the use of digital methods and techniques for the documentation of the Nordic architectural heritage and environment.&nbsp; The processes of knowledge, both theoretical and practical, should not ignore the traces of the past, old buildings and traditional constructions.&nbsp; On the contrary, they should serve as a testimony of the past and provide a solid starting point for new, more coherent, sustainable and harmonic urban development.</p> <p>Since the Venice Charter in 1965 up to the more recent international documents such as the Declaration of Amsterdam in 1975 and the Madrid Document in 2011, both the verification of authenticity and understanding of architectural entities and details are getting more insight because of the current technological advancements.&nbsp; However, the methods for the analysis and following these noble principles and declaration articles is still not defined well enough.&nbsp; Each method and practical procedure with specific instruments produce also specific outputs and results, which need to be put in mutual dialogue in order to obtain useful results.&nbsp; These themes are studied and developed in this article by presenting chosen case studies in research projects both on the urban and singular scale with the location in Oulu, Finland.</p> Sara Porzilli Copyright (c) 2021 Architectural Research in Finland Wed, 11 Aug 2021 00:00:00 +0300 Heading at Enabling Settings for Learning <p>The paper draws on two cases of learning settings that were converted to meet up-to-date educational requirements within these learning contexts. The authors address the role of stakeholder perspectives. Focusing on the<em> learning situation</em>, they present an articulation tool to aid dialogue between key stakeholder perspectives in a (re)design process. Dialogue is a way to figure out relevant issues and to establish the common ground between participants. The goal of a redesign process is that user requirements are well understood, and the design is embedded into local practices, informed of constraints and aware of potential opportunities regarding educational technology.</p> Mikko Vesisenaho, Dr., Mirja Lievonen, Dr. Copyright (c) 2021 Architectural Research in Finland Wed, 11 Aug 2021 00:00:00 +0300 Transit for a better and more equitable urbanity <p>Nordic welfare states once sought to provide their citizens with affordable and healthy housing conditions by planning compact residential areas. For a variety of reasons, this model is now in a major rupture. Strong domestic and international migration to 4-6 urban regions transforms Finland’s spatial setup. The entire process entails major challenges for urban design. Expanding urban structures constitute a massive source of greenhouse gases and are often deemed dysfunctional for reaching goals such as social sustainability, better public health or even individually perceived quality of life. Transit-oriented development (TOD) is one of the attempts to tackle these challenges. It holds a major promise for better and more equitable urbanity, but this assumes that the entire dynamics of urban development and how transit and better accessibility are related to it will be re-thought. This paper is based on case-study data from Tampere city region and its on-going light rail transit (LRT) construction process as an example of the current TOD thinking. It also makes references to comparable or otherwise interesting international LRT processes as discussed in planning journals or based on the authors’ own observations and fieldwork.</p> Ilari Karppi, Iina Sankala Copyright (c) 2021 Architectural Research in Finland Wed, 11 Aug 2021 00:00:00 +0300