Budkavlen https://journal.fi/budkavlen <p>Budkavlen är en tidskrift utgiven av ämnena etnologi och folkloristik vid Åbo Akademi. Budkavlen grundades år 1922 av föreningen Brage och ges ut en gång per år.</p> Etnologi och folkloristik vid Åbo Akademi sv-SE Budkavlen 0302-2447 Budkavlen 2020 https://journal.fi/budkavlen/article/view/99549 Sanna Lillbroända-Annala Sonja Hagelstam Copyright (c) 2020 Budkavlen 2020-11-10 2020-11-10 99 1 200 10.37447/bk.99549 Människor och andra djur https://journal.fi/budkavlen/article/view/99518 <p>Inget abstract.</p> Sanna Lillbroända-Annala Sonja Hagelstam Copyright (c) 2020 Budkavlen 2020-11-10 2020-11-10 99 1 10 10.37447/bk.99518 Bläckfiskar https://journal.fi/budkavlen/article/view/99519 <p>Cephalopods. On staged animals and popular science conventions at public aquariums.</p> <p>Lars Kaijser</p> <p>Keywords: Aquarium, cephalopod, popular science</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>The article discusses the way animals are portrayed in popular science, using cephalopods at public aquariums as the basis. Public aquariums tend to display a set of animals that could be described as flagship species. These are animals reoccurring as live examples in tanks, used in marketing and sold as toys in the gift shop.</p> <p>Often, the presentations of these animals are enhanced with scientific facts that are combined with popular cultural stories and well-known iconographies. Together they form what could be labelled as popular science animals, easily recognisable animals with charismatic features. At aquariums, this generally refers to sharks, jellyfish, penguins, frogs or clownfish. The focus is on the biology of the animals, but equal importance is placed on the stories and popular-cultural association frameworks. The popular science animal is comprised of elements from different domains of knowledge, ranging from biology and cultural history to folklore and popular culture. These insights can be contradictory, and one important feature of presentations at aquariums is the endeavour to distinguish between fact and myth. At the same time, the myth is an important resource when curating exhibits and attracting attention. It is part of the convention that the selection of knowledge is not only chosen to inform people about animals but also to entertain and surprise them. The cephalopod is at the crossroad of research and imagination, viewed as enigmatic, fascinating, and fearful. It is characterised as smart, a superhero and a marker for both discoveries and knowledge gaps. The cephalopod, especially the octopus, is an animal that in many ways represents modernity.</p> Lars Kaijser Copyright (c) 2020 Budkavlen 2020-11-10 2020-11-10 99 11 33 10.37447/bk.99519 I magen på en häst https://journal.fi/budkavlen/article/view/99521 <div id="magicparlabel-38" class="standard"> <p>In a horse’s belly: Interspecies relations as a critique of civilization</p> </div> <div class="standard">&nbsp;</div> <div id="magicparlabel-39" class="standard"> <p>Jenny Ingridsdotter &amp; Kim Silow Kallenberg</p> </div> <div class="standard">&nbsp;</div> <div id="magicparlabel-40" class="standard"> <p>Keywords: natureculture, animals, popular culture, masculinity</p> </div> <div class="standard">&nbsp;</div> <div id="magicparlabel-41" class="standard">In this article, we analyse how the relationship between humans and other species is portrayed in contemporary films and series that have the rise and fall of civilization as their theme: Into the Wild (2007), The Revenant (2015), Into the Forest (2015) and The Walking Dead (2010-). The purpose is to understand how relationships between humans, animals and non-humans are portrayed. The films/series have been chosen on the basis of their portrayal of social downfall or social dissatisfaction and on the grounds that they are also widely recognised and popular portrayals. The analysis focuses on two male characters (The Revenant, Into the Wild) and two female characters (Into the Forest and The Walking Dead) to investigate relationships between humans and other species (animals and zombies) when it comes to survival, and how these relationships are possibly conditioned by gender. Methodologically, we approach these popular cultural depictions as ethnographers, with human meaning-making as the primary point of departure. Theoretically, we use concepts developed in the field of human-animal studies.</div> <div class="standard">&nbsp;</div> <div id="magicparlabel-42" class="standard">The analysis shows that there are differences between the representations of different species and that these representations are also conditioned by gender in the human characters. Where men are alone in their struggle against nature, women are part of social relationships where they, together with others (human and non-human), struggle to survive. The analysis further shows how animals and other species constantly condition and enable human existence. However, lacking human language, the animals – who are absolutely vital for the actions and survival of the human characters – are rendered unimportant.</div> Jenny Ingridsdotter Kim Silow Kallenberg Copyright (c) 2020 Budkavlen 2020-11-10 2020-11-10 99 34 62 10.37447/bk.99521 "Bara en fot och en känga" https://journal.fi/budkavlen/article/view/99531 <div id="magicparlabel-30" class="standard"> <p>‘A foot and a boot’. Narratives about children killed by wolves in Finnish folk tradition and media material</p> </div> <div class="standard">&nbsp;</div> <div id="magicparlabel-31" class="standard"> <p>Sofie Strandén-Backa</p> </div> <div class="standard">&nbsp;</div> <div id="magicparlabel-32" class="standard"> <p>Keywords: wolf attacks in Finland 1880–1881, children, living tradition, mass and social media</p> </div> <div class="standard">&nbsp;</div> <div id="magicparlabel-33" class="standard">The article focuses on narratives about children and wolves, and the material consists of different texts that deal with children who have been killed by wolves in Finland in earlier times. The particular events in question are a series of well-known and documented wolf attacks on children in the Turku region during 1880 and 1881. Older newspaper articles, as well as contemporary texts, are analysed. One aim of the study is to investigate what is set in motion when the relationship between wolves and children is discussed and which underlying patterns emerge as part of that discussion. Another aim is to allow for narrative elements to create a base for discourse about the dangerous wolf. The analysis covers peoples’ comments on websites where the discourse is both defended and challenged and where negotiations about the prerogatives of the animal are made visible. Ever-returning narratives about the dangerous wolf are part of a legend process, where one goal is to convince the audience of the truth of the stories. One way of doing so, throughout the years, has been to present what could be called ‘the bloody list’, a list that consists of the name and age of the dead children, the circumstances under which they were killed and what was left of their bodies. In the stories, there was no way to protect the children, and there is nothing the parents could have done once the wolf got hold of their child. The message in these stories from the 1880s is that there is no rescue from the wolf. This message is passed down to parents and further to the children of today, creating a child-eating beast of (every) wolf. Another goal is to keep the stories alive for future generations, since the events are viewed as so important that they are not to be forgotten. The stories have a somewhat emblematic character, since they reflect an original myth about the genesis of modern Finland, freed from untamed nature and the chaos of wolves.</div> Sofie Strandén-Backa Copyright (c) 2020 Budkavlen 2020-11-10 2020-11-10 99 63 89 10.37447/bk.99531 Djuren i den rurala livsstilsmigrationen https://journal.fi/budkavlen/article/view/99535 <div id="magicparlabel-46" class="standard"> <p>Animals and Rural Lifestyle Migration</p> </div> <div class="standard">&nbsp;</div> <div id="magicparlabel-47" class="standard"> <p>Gurbet Peker</p> </div> <div class="standard">&nbsp;</div> <div id="magicparlabel-48" class="standard"> <p>Keywords: Lifestyle migration, rural idyll, animal husbandry, interspecies relationships</p> </div> <div class="standard">&nbsp;</div> <div id="magicparlabel-49" class="standard"> <p>This article examines the role of animals and animal husbandry in rural lifestyle migration to the Gotlandic countryside. One area of interest is the significance of animals and animal husbandry as part of migrants’ notions of the rural idyll and the place they seek. The article also describes and analyses animal-related everyday practices and interspecies relationships that are developed between migrants and animals.</p> </div> <div class="standard">&nbsp;</div> <div id="magicparlabel-50" class="standard"> <p>The empirical material has been collected using ethnographic methods based on observations and qualitative interviews. The researcher also emerged herself in aspects of the rural lifestyle migration being studied. The informants have all left the city of Stockholm in favour of life in the Gotlandic countryside, where they devote themselves to small-scale animal husbandry and keep sheep, horses, chickens and other animals.</p> </div> <div class="standard">&nbsp;</div> <div id="magicparlabel-51" class="standard"> <p>The theoretical foundation is that humans and other animals are in a state of constant becoming-with and, thus, create each other’s lifeworlds. The focus is on analysing everyday practices and how interspecies relationships shape the migrants and their lifestyles. At the same time, the researcher also looks at the way in which discourses affect the migrants’ rural lifestyle migration, both as cultural preconceptions and everyday practices.</p> </div> <div class="standard">&nbsp;</div> <div id="magicparlabel-52" class="standard"> <p>The results show that animals and animal husbandry play a central role in the rural idyll and the place that migrants seek. The interspecies relationships are also important for the informants’ socialisation and establishment processes in the Gotlandic countryside. The migrants find their relationships with the animals meaningful and crucial for the established lifestyle. These close everyday relationships lead the informants to renegotiate aspects of their view of animals as well as their view of eating meat. This lifestyle with animals also involves emotional challenges related to slaughter, an aspect of animal husbandry that the migrants find stressful. The interspecies relationships documented in the material are consistently characterised by ambivalence and constant renegotiations. In summary, the article shows that the animals and the animal-related practices are crucial for the lifestyle to which the migrants aspire, the everyday life they establish, as well as for the migration project as a whole.</p> </div> Gurbet Peker Copyright (c) 2020 Budkavlen 2020-11-10 2020-11-10 99 90 118 10.37447/bk.99535 Mellan hästens öga och människans strävan https://journal.fi/budkavlen/article/view/99537 <div id="magicparlabel-32" class="standard"> <p>Between the horse’s eye and the human endeavor. A dialectical relationship embodied in biographical portraits</p> </div> <div class="standard">&nbsp;</div> <div class="standard"> <p>Winroth, AnnCristin</p> </div> <div class="standard">&nbsp;</div> <div id="magicparlabel-34" class="standard"> <p>Keywords: horse and human, antropomorfism, biographical portraits of horses, interspecies relationship</p> </div> <div class="standard">&nbsp;</div> <div id="magicparlabel-35" class="standard">Describing horses or other animals in portrait-like fragments or statements is an established practice and a genre that occurs in different kinds of materials and contexts. What does the portrayal of the horse do with the interaction space and with its possibility for agency? This thinking has prompted an investigation of the discourse on horses and discussions about an intergenerational relationship within a life history story. The purpose is to seek to create insight into the animal-human relationship through a close reading of written portraits and descriptions of intertwined biographies within interview material. The article is mainly based on two subject-oriented life history interviews with experienced horse owners, as well as two written portraits of unique horses. Questions addressed in the processing of the material are: How do the informants describe their horse partners? What impact do these interpretations have on the relationship space and to a possible cross-species interaction? How is the significance of the intergenerational relationship expressed in depictions of a shared life course? A central starting point for the understanding of the animal-human relationship is that it is constructivist, in line with contemporary animal studies in humanities and social science research. In the intergenerational space created between a horse and its human, the relationship is considered unique and dialectical. It is negotiated and expressed through socially and culturally expected formats within a very specific context. The phrase The horse’s eye is used in the title as a symbolic and real point of reference that reveals both the horse’s mode and mood, which its human has to take into account. The words Human endeavour refer to the everyday practice that is expressed through the horse owner’s sensual experiences, thoughts, attitudes, training and nursing. Stories reflecting the horse experience refer to both stable and more temporary syntheses within this intergenerational relationship space. The division of roles between horse and human can be perceived as relatively equal or it alternates between different situations, as exemplified in the empirical sections.</div> AnnCristin Winroth Copyright (c) 2020 Budkavlen 2020-11-10 2020-11-10 99 119 143 10.37447/bk.99537 Odla tillsammans https://journal.fi/budkavlen/article/view/99539 <p>Grow Together: Save the World While Building a Meaningful ‘Bee-lationship’</p> <p><br>Paul Sherfey</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Keywords: insects; interspecies relationships; human-animal studies; community gardens</p> <p>Collective gardens – in which individuals work collectively to cultivate and care for a common gardening area – have become a growing phenomenon in recent years. At these sites, the cultivation of community is often as important as the cultivation of organic, local produce. However, observation and digital research carried out in the context of a transnational study of such gardens demonstrates that this community is not limited to human participants, but instead also includes other animal species at these sites. The article investigates the relationships cultivated with one such group – insects. How might we understand the interest shown by gardeners in building hotels and cafés, sowing meadows and arranging festivals for insects? Do participants only see insects for their use-value, or is there something more occurring in the relationship they cultivate, and how it is represented and discussed? Beginning with a discussion of the built environment of the studied collective gardens, the article analyses how certain design choices are specifically oriented towards the use and benefit of insects – especially bees. Progressing from physical space to digital space, the empirical discussion then investigates this interest in bees and their welfare further through several paradigmatic examples. In so doing, discourses communicated in manifestos, social media and news interviews are analysed. This is done in order to explore the worldviews from which individuals and groups understand the importance of bees, as well as the backgrounds that influence their actions and the fantasies for the future that provide a focal point towards which to orient their efforts. Finally, I contrast the discourses about bees with the lack of similar discourse about another group of insects which are readily observable at many sites – wasps. I discuss how differing cultural heritages related to each affect how they are valued and reflect on the possibilities available to us as humans to see ourselves and our future as being dependent on one species, while being comparably indifferent to the presence and important contributions of the other.</p> Paul Sherfey Copyright (c) 2020 Budkavlen 2020-11-10 2020-11-10 99 144 169 10.37447/bk.99539 Ett feministiskt credo https://journal.fi/budkavlen/article/view/99540 <div style="left: 116.688px; top: 795.297px; font-size: 15px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02087);">Catarina Harjunen disputerade för doktorsgraden vid ämnet nordisk folkloristik den 4 september 2020 vid Åbo Akademi med avhandlingen <em><a href="https://www.doria.fi/handle/10024/177859" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Att dansa med de(t) skeva. Erotiska möten mellan människa och naturväsen i finlandssvenska folksägner</a>.</em>&nbsp; Som opponent fungerade docent, lektor Maria Bäckman, Stockholms universitet och som kustos professor Lena Marander-Eklund.</div> Catarina Harjunen Copyright (c) 2020 Budkavlen 2020-11-10 2020-11-10 99 170 176 10.37447/bk.99540 Kustfiskare om hållbarhet, resiliens och kunskap https://journal.fi/budkavlen/article/view/99541 <p>Recension över Kirsi Sonck-Rautio: <em>The Fishers of the Archipelago Sea – Resilience, Sustainability, Knowledge, and Agency.</em> Turun yliopiston julkaisuja – Annales Universitatis Turkuensis Sarja - Ser. B Osa – Tom. 493. Turku 2019.</p> Niklas Huldén Copyright (c) 2020 Budkavlen 2020-11-10 2020-11-10 99 177 180 10.37447/bk.99541 Utflykter till framtidens stränder – diskussioner om kollaps https://journal.fi/budkavlen/article/view/99542 <p>Recencion av Peter Bjerregaard &amp; Kyrre Kverndokk (red.):<em> Kollaps. På randen av fremtiden</em>. Illustrert av Kristen Jensen Helgeland. Dreyers Forlag Oslo, 2018.</p> Maija Mäki Copyright (c) 2020 Budkavlen 2020-11-10 2020-11-10 99 181 182 10.37447/bk.99542 Det svenska köket som rum för drömmar, ideal och vardagsliv https://journal.fi/budkavlen/article/view/99543 <p>Recencion av Köket. <em>Rum för drömmar, ideal och vardagsliv under det långa 1900-talet</em>, 2018. Red. Ulrika Torell, Jenny Lee &amp; Roger Qvarsell. Nordiska museet, Stockholm.</p> Sofie Strandén-Backa Copyright (c) 2020 Budkavlen 2020-11-10 2020-11-10 99 183 185 10.37447/bk.99543 Affekter och känslor https://journal.fi/budkavlen/article/view/99544 <p>Recension av <em>Affektit ja tunteet kulttuurien tutkimuksessa</em>, toim. Jenni Rinne Anna Kajander &amp; Riina Haanpää. Helsinki: Suomen kansatieteilijöiden yhdistys Ethnos ry 2000.</p> Lena Marander-Eklund Copyright (c) 2020 Budkavlen 2020-11-10 2020-11-10 99 186 188 10.37447/bk.99544 När diagnosen blir en identitet https://journal.fi/budkavlen/article/view/99546 <p>Recension av Trevor J Blank &amp; Andrea Kitta (red.) 2015.<em> Diagnosing Folklore – Perspectives on Disability, Health and Trauma</em>. Mississippi: University Press of Mississippi.</p> Linda Yrjölä Copyright (c) 2020 Budkavlen 2020-11-10 2020-11-10 99 189 192 10.37447/bk.99546 Konsten att sticka https://journal.fi/budkavlen/article/view/99547 <p>Recension av Rauhala, Anna 2019.<em> Neulonnan taito.</em> Kansatieteellinen Arkisto 59. Helsinki: Suomen muinaisyhdistys.</p> Ann-Helen Sund Copyright (c) 2020 Budkavlen 2020-11-10 2020-11-10 99 193 195 10.37447/bk.99547 Konsumtionskultur: Innebörder och praktiker https://journal.fi/budkavlen/article/view/99666 <p>Recension av Johansson, Barbro, Peterson McIntyre, Magdalena &amp; Sörum, Niklas (red.) 2019. <em>Konsumtionskultur: Innebörder och praktiker. En vänbok till Helene Brembeck. </em>Göteborg/Stockholm: Makadam.</p> Gurbet Peker Copyright (c) 2020 Budkavlen 2020-11-17 2020-11-17 99 196 199 10.37447/bk.99666 Författarpresentationer https://journal.fi/budkavlen/article/view/99548 <p>Writers in this volume of Budkavlen</p> Sanna Lillbroända-Annala Sonja Hagelstam Copyright (c) 2020 Budkavlen 2020-11-10 2020-11-10 99 eftertexter eftertexter 10.37447/bk.99548