Ethnologia Fennica <p>Ethnologia Fennica is an international journal of the Association of Finnish ethnologists (<a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Ethnos</a>). The journal publishes original scholarly articles, review articles, congress reports, and book reviews from the field of ethnology and other related fields. The language of the journal is English.</p> <p>Please follow the journal’s <a href="" target="_self">guidelines </a>when submitting your manuscript. The research articles undergo <a href="/index.php/ethnolfenn/about/editorialPolicies#peerReviewProcess" target="_self">double-blind peer review</a>.</p> <p>Online ISSN&nbsp;2489-4982<br>Print ISSN&nbsp;0355-1776</p> en-US <p>Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:</p> <p>Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</p> <p>The license of the published metadata is Creative Commons CC0 4.0 Universal (CC BY 4.0)</p> <p>Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</p> (Eerika Koskinen-Koivisto) (Konsta Kajander) Fri, 21 Dec 2018 10:42:03 +0200 OJS 60 Editorial: Crises and Recoveries Arja Turunen ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 25 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0200 From Silence to Recovery <p>A paramilitary forces of Soviet partisans attacked villages and remote houses in the Finnish eastern borderlands during the Continuation War 1941–1944. They burned the houses, stole food and cattle, and killed women, children and elderly people. After the war, the actions of Soviet partisans against civilians were not discussed openly and extensively in public before the late 1990s. The long period of silence slew down or prevent the recovery from traumatic experiences. However, the villagers found their ways to remember and tell about the past events. This article discusses the personal narratives of those violent and traumatic events and the process of recovering from the consequent crisis after 70 years afterwards. The narratives are told by civilians who have had personal experiences of the actions of Soviet partisans, or who have heard about them since childhood. The research is based on an oral history approach and seek to explore how the individuals interpret the meanings of fearful and traumatic memories in their narratives, and how they think these memories have influenced them. The article points out the role of remembering and narrating in the subjective and social process of recovering from painful and traumatic experiences.&nbsp;</p> Kirsi Maria Laurén, PhD, Senior Researcher ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 25 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0200 Remembering and Forgetting, Discovering and Cherishing <p>The events of the Second World War left considerable material remains in Finnish Lapland, ranging from the remnants of structures that were destroyed in the 1944–45 Lapland War, through to small, portable objects connected to soldiers, prisoners of war and civilians. These material remains have variously been saved and cherished by survivors and their families, disregarded as ‘war junk’, ‘discovered’ by hobbyists exploring the landscape, amassed and exchanged by private collectors, and accessioned into official museum collections. These various processes represent transformations of material culture to take on various meanings and embodiments, depending on the different individuals and organizations involved.</p> <p>In this article we present and analyse data collected through ethnographic fieldwork in and around the Lapland village of Vuotso: primarily interviews and observations. We have conducted interviews with history hobbyists and museum professionals who engage with the WWII history of Lapland, and observed the treatment of ‘war material culture’, for example through exhibitions (both public and hidden) and through personal meaning-making practices. These encounters have centred around the material remains of the Second World War, and the ways in which different actors perceive, value and otherwise understand those remains. While some objects are transformed through musealisation, others remain ‘officially’ unknown and unrecognized (although known – even traded and exchanged – through private channels). Furthermore it may be as important for some actors to leave material culture in situ – for example as testimony to the past conflict or trauma – as it is for others to exercise personal ownership. Within this context, we deconstruct the notion of ‘expert’ as it relates to the local and historical knowledge. Being regarded by peers and others as an expert is not necessarily the same thing as having professional authority and status, for example as a museum curator or university-affiliated scholar.</p> <p>We draw upon theories of relational materiality, and suggest different typologies of engagement with the material culture. Different networks of interest and expertise emerge, dependent on the actors involved (including their status – e.g. museum professional, survivor, ‘incomer’, local activist – and how their knowledge is thus accepted, challenged or rejected by others), the context of ownership, situationality and perceived levels of authenticity.</p> Eerika Koskinen-Koivisto, PhD, Postdoctoral Researcher, Suzie Thomas, PhD, Professor ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 25 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0200 ‘Cos I’m a Survivor’ <p>In post-war Finland thousands of children experienced poor upbringing, neglect and abuse, and had to deal with their experiences without social support from adults. In this article we study how difficult and bitter experiences related to childhood crises are remembered, reinterpreted and reframed in later life and in contemporary Finland. As research material we use both oral and written reminiscences of childhood in the post-war years collected in the period 2014–2016. We argue that in the recollections of difficult childhood coping and resilience emerge as major narrative themes. Although informants in their childhood were forced to suffer in silence, they remember themselves as being resilient and capable of surviving in adverse environments. In their late adulthood public collection of childhood memories has offered them a suitable medium to remember and reframe their experiences as meaningful, by exposing the ‘culture of silence’ which prevailed in the post-war Finland.</p> Kirsi-Maria Hytönen, PhD, Postdoctoral Researcher, Antti Malinen, PhD, Postdoctoral Researcher ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 25 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0200 From Tar City to Smart City <p>In a smart city, technologies are designed to assist people in their everyday lives, like in intelligent homes, public transportation, and e-services. However, this can lead to new kind of marginalisation if people do not fit into the idea of smart citizen. In this article, I consider how the smart city ideology of Oulu in northern Finland becomes lived in the everyday practices of senior citizens; and how they sense themselves as “smart citizens.” Through generating ethnographic composition of ICT-biography and walk-along interviews, and series of workshops with seniors, city officials and researchers; and thinking this process as collaborative knowledge-making, the configuration of ageing in a smart city has emerged. In this configuration, the city is understood as an assemblage with dynamics of temporalities, structures, communities and individuals; and as part of global power-geometry. Though the seniors support the smart city ideology as regional strategy, they want to make a voluntary decision to become a smart citizen. Current smart city is made for and by technology enthusiasts, and it often excludes other citizens. To become a smart community the city must include variety of citizens in the making of their city. Many seniors are willing to take up this challenge.</p> Tiina Suopajärvi, PhD, Senior Researcher ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 25 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0200 100th Anniversary of Professor Ilmar Talve´s (1919-2008) Birth Hanneleena Hieta, PhD, Postdoctoral Researcher, Helena Ruotsala, PhD, Docent, Professor ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 25 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0200 Playfulness and Freedom of Choice in Matters of Belonging <p>Dorothea Breier 2017. The Vague Feeling of Belonging of a Transcultural Generation. An&nbsp;Ethnographic Study on Germans and their Descendants in Contemporary Helsinki, Finland. Helsinki: University of Helsinki. 250 pp. Diss. ISBN 978-951-51-3811-8 (paperback). ISBN 978-951-51-3812-5 (PDF).</p> Viktorija L.A. Ceginskas, PhD, Postdoctoral Researcher ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 25 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0200 Inherited Fashion <p>Seija Johnson 2018. I den folkliga modedräktens fotspår. Bondekvinnors välstånd, ställning och modemedvetenhet i Gamlakarleby socken 1740–1800. [In the footsteps of a common folk fashionable dress. The wealth, social position, and fashion awareness of farmers’ wives in Gamlakarlebyparish 1740–1800.] Jyväskylä Studies in Humanities 339. Jyväskylä: University of Jyväskylä. 269 pp. ISBN 978-951-39-7368-1. Permanent link: <a href=""></a></p> Pia Olsson, PhD, Docent, University Lecturer ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 25 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0200 Finnish Women, Muslim Spouses <p>Kaisa Nissi 2017. Uskonnot, kulttuurit ja perhe. Etnologinen tutkimus monikulttuuristen<br>liittojen kerronnoista Suomessa. [Religions, cultures and family. An ethnological study on<br>the discourses on multicultural marriages in Finland.] Siirtolaisuusinstituutin julkaisuja<br>12. Turku: Finnish Migration Institute. 366 pp. ISBN 978-952-7167-29-8 (print) ISBN<br>978-952-7167-30-4 (electronic) ISSN 2343-3507 (print) ISSN 2343-3515 (electronic).</p> Hanneleena Hieta, PhD, Postdoctoral Researcher ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 25 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0200 The Many-Voiced Factory Community <p>Maria Vanha-Similä 2017. <em>Yhtiöön, yhtiöön! Lapsiperheiden arki Forssan tehdasyhteisössä 1950–1970-luvuilla</em>. [To the firm, to the firm! The everyday life of families who worked in the Forssa textile industry from the 1950s to the 1970s.] Kansatieteellinen Arkisto 58. Helsinki: The Finnish Antiquarian Society. 250 pp. Diss. ISBN 978-952-6655-05-5 (print). ISBN 978-952-6655-06-2 (electronic). ISSN 0355-1830.</p> Pirjo Korkiakangas, PhD, Professor Emerita ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 25 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0200 New Lines of Thinking and Practicing Urban Planning and Community Development <p>Maunu Häyrynen &amp; Antti Wallin (eds) 2017. <em>Kulttuurisuunnittelu. Kaupunkikehittämisen uusi näkökulma</em>. [Cultural planning. A new approach to urban development.] Tietolipas 258. Helsinki: Finnish Literature Society.</p> Tiina-Riitta Lappi, PhD, Docent ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 25 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0200 From Multi-targeted Ethnography to Hybrid Humanism - Perspectives to Applied Cultural Studies <p>Pilvi Hämeenaho, Tiina Suopajärvi &amp; Johanna Ylipulli (eds). 2018. Soveltava kulttuurintutkimus. [Applied cultural studies.] Tietolipas 259. Helsinki: Finnish Literature Society. ISBN 978-952-222-975-5.</p> Maija Johanna Mäki, MA, University Teacher ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 25 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0200 When Art and Anthropology Meet. Introduction to Visual Anthropology <p>Jari Kupiainen &amp; Liisa Häkkinen (eds). 2017. Kuvatut kulttuurit. Johdatus visuaaliseen antropologiaan. [Pictured cultures. Introduction to Visual Anthropology.] Tietolipas 253. Helsinki: Finnish Literature Society. ISBN 978-952-222-837-6.</p> Maija Johanna Mäki, MA, University Teacher ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 25 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0200 Useful Basic Work on Minorities and Migration <p>Mats Wickström &amp; Charlotta Wolff (eds) 2016. Mångkulturalitet, migration och minoriteter i Finland under tre sekel. [Multiculturalism, migration, and minorities in Finland during three centuries.] Skrifter utgivna av Svenska litteratursällskapet i Finland nr 803. Helsinki: Society of Swedish Literature in Finland. 360 pp. ISBN 978-951-583-342-6.</p> Tytti Steel, Dr, Postdoctoral Researcher ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 25 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0200 Eat, Share, Love <p>Katja Uusihaka &amp; Matti Eräsaari (eds) 2016. Ruoan kulttuuri. Antropologisia näkökulmia ruoan tutkimukseen. [The culture of food. Anthropological perspectives to the study of food.] Suomalaisen Kirjallisuuden Seuran Toimituksia 1419. Helsinki: Finnish Literature Society. 241 pp. ISBN 978-952-222-712-6. ISSN 0335-1768.<br><br>Jani Kaaro (ed.) 2017. Ruoka-Kalevala – eli makumuistoja Suomesta. [The Food Kalevala – or taste memories from Finland.] Helsinki: Finnish Literature Society. 432 pp. ISBN 978-952-222-826-0. ISSN 2323-7392.</p> Inkeri Hakamies, MA, Doctoral Student ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 25 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0200 Sense and Sensibility – Ethnology of Affect Konsta Kajander, MA, PhD Student, Jelena Salmi, M.Soc.Sci, PhD Student ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 25 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0200 Heritage across Borders – Conference on Critical Heritage Maija Mäki, MA, University Teacher, Helena Ruotsala, PhD, Docent, Professor ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 25 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0200 Staying – Moving – Settling Lauri Turpeinen, MA, PhD Student ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 25 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0200