Fennoscandia Archaeologica https://journal.fi/fennoscandiaarchaeologica <p>The aim of the Fennoscandia Archaeologica is to encourage discussion within the discipline of archaeology and to improve the standard of archaeological research by contacts on the interdisciplinary and international levels.<br />Fennoscandia archaeologica has been published annually since 1984.</p> The Archaeological Society of Finland en-US Fennoscandia Archaeologica 0781-7126 <p>©-info is an icon found on websites or articles, brochures or other PDF documents clicking on which shows easily you the author details and usage rights. By clicking on the icon, you can find out who made and produced the content: images, articles, videos and other material. The information also includes whether the content and material can be used or copied in teaching or other work-related use, for example. (https://www.c-info.fi/en/what-is-c-info/)</p> IN MEMORIAM: ALEKSANDR IVANOVICH SAKSA (11 AUG 1951‒14 AUG 2022) https://journal.fi/fennoscandiaarchaeologica/article/view/125694 Pirjo Uino Mika Lavento Mervi Suhonen Copyright (c) 2022 Pirjo Uino, Mika Lavento, Mervi Suhonen https://www.c-info.fi/en/what-is-c-info/ 2023-01-10 2023-01-10 XXXIX 139 143 A PRE-ROMAN BURIAL SITE IN PUIJONSARVENNENÄ, KUOPIO, EASTERN FINLAND https://journal.fi/fennoscandiaarchaeologica/article/view/125721 <p>In 2019, a metal detector hobbyist found an iron spearhead, a knife, and some burnt bones from an ambiguous stone structure situated on the scenic cape of Puijonsarvennenä in Kuopio. Archaeological excavation and sub- sequent analyses of the find material confirmed that the site was a single cremation burial, which was radiocarbon dated to 410–355 calBC, in the Pre-Roman Iron Age. The find material included several fragments of bone artefacts and a small amount of asbestos-tempered ceramics. The burial and its finds seem to indicate that the deceased person engaged in hunting and possibly fur trading, setting Puijonsarvennenä into a continuum with similar burial sites known from interior and northern Finland from the Early Bronze Age to the Late Iron Age. Currently, Puijonsarvennenä is the only Iron Age burial site to have been excavated in the North Savo province.</p> Liisa Kunnas-Pusa Tarja Knuutinen Kati Salo Tuija Kirkinen Copyright (c) 2022 Liisa Kunnas-Pusa, Tarja Knuutinen, Kati Salo, Tuija Kirkinen https://www.c-info.fi/en/what-is-c-info/ 2023-01-10 2023-01-10 XXXIX 5 27 BURIAL PRACTICES IN NORTHERN SWEDEN, NORTHERN FINLAND AND THE WHITE SEA COAST BETWEEN THE 9TH AND 16TH CENTURIES AD https://journal.fi/fennoscandiaarchaeologica/article/view/125698 <p>This paper presents an overview of known burials and burial practises in the region comprising of present-day northern Finland, Sweden, the Murmansk oblast and the White Sea coast in Northwest Russia during the study period, the Late Iron Age and Middle Ages (ca. 800–1600 AD). Burial sites offer a unique perspective on examining social structures and social change, as they are focused on the present of the community while still being rooted in tradition. We discuss how these burials represent the multicultural environment and the fluidity of adaptation of cultural features in the north, as well as the distinct similarities between the communities. We will also examine how the decentralised network, that the northern Fennoscandian communities formed, caused and maintained this multicultural environment during the Late Iron Age and the Middle Ages.</p> Jari-Matti Kuusela Hanna-Leena Puolakka Copyright (c) 2022 Jari-Matti Kuusela, Hanna-Leena Puolakka, Jari-Matti Kuusela https://www.c-info.fi/en/what-is-c-info/ 2023-01-10 2023-01-10 XXXIX 28 56 PROVENANCING ARCHAEOLOGICAL CHERT FINDS WITH pXRF https://journal.fi/fennoscandiaarchaeologica/article/view/125693 <p>We present the initial results of a research combining non-destructive chemical analyses with a quantitatively and chronologically representative research assemblage – 52 specimens from five sites – to examine the provenance of Late Neolithic and Bronze Age chert finds from the cluster of sites located near the city of Oulu on the eastern coast of the Bothnian Bay. The results confirm the previously observed transition in the use of raw material sources: eastern Carboniferous cherts high in iron were replaced by calcium-rich Cretaceous flints of Scandinavian or southern Baltic origin. We also consider the overall applicability of pXRF as a non-destructive research method to determine the provenance for archaeological chert finds recovered from the coniferous boreal zone, characterized by the impact of post-depositional weathering on the chemical composition of objects found in the soil matrix.</p> Janne Ikäheimo Markus Riihimäki Markus Kaakinen Copyright (c) 2022 Janne Ikäheimo, Markus Riihimäki, Markus Kaakinen https://www.c-info.fi/en/what-is-c-info/ 2023-01-10 2023-01-10 XXXIX 57 75 ENCIRCLING THE CRAFT TRADITIONS OF FRESHWATER FISHING https://journal.fi/fennoscandiaarchaeologica/article/view/125722 <p>This paper investigates wheel-shaped net sinkers, that is hoops made of rods and with plaited birch bark fibres, clasping a sinker stone in the centre. Recently recovered from forest and mountain lakes of central Scandinavia, and dated to AD 800–1300, these sinkers offer a glimpse into the use of birch bark during the Viking Age and the medieval period. By combining archaeological analysis and experimental replication, this paper firstly aims to explore the knowledge and skills involved in the making. Secondly, we investigate the relationship between the specific crafting process and the broader craft traditions and technologies of which the sinkers were a part, and we suggest that birch bark plaiting represents a technological and aesthetic craft tradition originating in Karelia and Estonia. The sinkers were utilised in freshwater fishing and attached to the bottom line of gill or seine nets. We propose that this specific net fishing technology was introduced to central Scandinavia as a result of agricultural expansion from east to west around AD 800.</p> Ellen Mette Nielsen Anja Mansrud Axel Mjærum Elling Utvik Wammer Copyright (c) 2022 Ellen Mette Nielsen, Anja Mansrud, Axel Mjærum, Elling Utvik Wammer https://www.c-info.fi/en/what-is-c-info/ 2023-01-10 2023-01-10 XXXIX 76 95 DIETS IN THREE LATE MEDIEVAL TO EARLY MODERN COASTAL POPULATIONS IN FINLAND ACCORDING TO THE δ13C AND δ15N VALUES OF ARCHAEOLOGICAL BONE AND DENTIN COLLAGEN https://journal.fi/fennoscandiaarchaeologica/article/view/125702 <p>We explored the diets in three populations (Iin Hamina, Oulu, Rauma) dating between the late Middle Ages and mid-19th century. We compared diets of mid-childhood, adolescence, and adulthood based on the carbon and nitrogen stable isotope ratios in dentin (PM2, M3) and bone collagen. The δ13C values were typical of terrestrial C3 environments and to be expected by the brackish Baltic Sea. The 13C content in the water decreases north- wards, which was reflected in the results. The analyses displayed overall elevated δ15N values, which is consistent with fish having been an important part of the nutrition of all the populations. The PM2 and bone collagen δ15N values diverged in the Iin Hamina population, implying different diets of children and adults.</p> Tiina Väre Laura Arppe Markus Fjellström Milton Núñez Kerstin Lidén Copyright (c) 2022 Tiina Väre, Laura Arppe, Markus Fjellström, Milton Núñez, Kerstin Lidén https://www.c-info.fi/en/what-is-c-info/ 2023-01-10 2023-01-10 XXXIX 96 117 THE CONSTRUCTION DATE OF THE DOMINICAN CONVENT OF ST OLAF IN TURKU, FINLAND https://journal.fi/fennoscandiaarchaeologica/article/view/125696 <p>The foundation of the medieval Dominican Convent of St Olaf in Turku, South-West Finland, marked the connection of the country to an international network of contacts with the Latin West, and the establishment of taught education in Finland. However, the chronology of its construction has been a subject of scholarly debate since the early 20th century. The archaeological material from the convent is scant, and the only properly datable finds are a sample of timber from the structures and a collection of bricks recovered from the site. In this article we present the results of a wiggle-match dating of the timber, and OSL dating of eight bricks. The bricks were also analysed by pXRF. The building phase of brick masonry seems to date to the second half of the 14th century or around 1400AD.</p> Visa Immonen Tanja Ratilainen Kari O. Eskola Jussi Kinnunen Markku Oinonen Copyright (c) 2022 Visa Immonen, Tanja Ratilainen, Kari O. Eskola, Jussi Kinnunen, Markku Oinonen https://www.c-info.fi/en/what-is-c-info/ 2023-01-10 2023-01-10 XXXIX 118 138 Anna-Kaisa Salmi & Sirpa Niinimäki (eds): Archaeologies of Animal Movement. Animals on the Move. Themes in Contemporary Archaeology. https://journal.fi/fennoscandiaarchaeologica/article/view/125695 David Orton Copyright (c) 2022 David Orton https://www.c-info.fi/en/what-is-c-info/ 2023-01-10 2023-01-10 XXXIX 144 147 Minna Silver & Pirjo Uino (eds.): Tiedenainen peilissä. Arkeologian professori Ella Kivikosken elämä ja tutkimuskentät. [A Female Scientist in a Mirror. Archaeology Professor Ella Kivikoski’s Life and Research Fields]. Bibliotheca Sigillumiana 9. Si https://journal.fi/fennoscandiaarchaeologica/article/view/125700 Liisa Kunnas-Pusa Copyright (c) 2022 Liisa Kunnas-Pusa https://www.c-info.fi/en/what-is-c-info/ 2023-01-10 2023-01-10 XXXIX 148 153 Andrejs Vasks & Gunita Zariņa (eds.): Latvijas arheoloģijas rokasgrāmata. Zinātne, Rīga 2021. https://journal.fi/fennoscandiaarchaeologica/article/view/125697 Kerkko Nordqvist Aija Macāne Copyright (c) 2022 Kerkko Nordqvist, Aija Macāne https://www.c-info.fi/en/what-is-c-info/ 2023-01-10 2023-01-10 XXXIX 154 158