https://journal.fi/fuf/issue/feed Finnisch-Ugrische Forschungen 2019-07-13T15:41:37+03:00 Jussi Ylikoski jussi.ylikoski@oulu.fi Open Journal Systems <p><em>Finnisch-Ugrische Forschungen</em> (FUF) is an international peer-reviewed journal. It publishes articles on Uralic (Finno-Ugric) languages and peoples, book reviews and discussions. FUF has been published since 1901, and it was originally founded to to fill in a gap in the discourse between Finno-Ugrists and Indo-Europeists. From 2020 on, FUF will be an open-access journal.</p> <p class="sus_teksti">Finnisch-Ugrische Forschungen (FUF) follows a bilateral anonymous peer review procedure for scientific articles, in which both the writer and the reviewer remain anonymous throughout the review process. Book reviews and overviews in FUF are processed internally by the editors and can be published without a scientific quality evaluation. Suggested research articles for publication shall be addressed to the Editor-in-Chief (jussi.ylikoski@oulu.fi).</p> <p class="sus_teksti">Statements on the scientific suitability for publication of manuscripts will be requested from at least two persons invited to review them. The reviewers are researchers who have defended their PhDs, are outside of the group of editors and are neutral with respect to the manuscript under review. The reviewers evaluate the scope of the research data, the researcher's mastery of the theoretical framework, the reliability and accuracy of the research as well as the distinctiveness and novelty value of the research in relation to earlier research (see <a href="https://www.tsv.fi/en/services/label-for-peer-reviewed-scholarly-publications/requirements-for-use">https://www.tsv.fi/en/services/label-for-peer-reviewed-scholarly-publications/requirements-for-use</a>). Each reviewer presents a statement on the rejection of the suggestion for publication or its acceptance as is, or with the indicated changes.</p> <p class="sus_teksti">Based on the statements, the Editor-in-Chief makes the decision on publishing the manuscript. A notification of the acceptance or rejection of the suggestion for publication will be sent to the authors, along with any suggested changes to the manuscript required for publication and the statements of the reviewers.</p> <p class="sus_teksti">The main information and documents related to the review process for all manuscripts accepted for review will be archived. For peer reviewed but rejected manuscripts, the authors' names mentioned in the suggestion for publication, the title of the manuscript and the names of the reviewers will be archived. For published manuscripts, the suggestion for publication, the statements sent by the reviewers and the decisions sent by the editors to the authors regarding publication will be stored. The archived information is confidential.</p> https://journal.fi/fuf/article/view/67659 The so-called relation forms of nouns in South Saami 2019-07-13T15:39:37+03:00 Jussi Ylikoski jussi.ylikoski@oulu.fi <p>The paper describes a previously little-known grammatical category in South Saami. Termed here as “relation forms”, the phenomenon in question is etymologically related to the comparative and superlative marking of adjectives, but synchronically quite distinct from it. The suffix -<em>be</em>/-<em>åbpoe</em> can be attached to not only adjectives (e.g., <em>nuerebe</em> ‘younger’, <em>båarasåbpoe</em> ‘older’), but also to nouns and kinship terms in particular (e.g., <em>tjidtjebe</em> ‘(the) mother’, <em>vuanavåbpoe</em> ‘(the) mother-in-law’), and the superlative marker -<em>mes</em>/-<em>ommes</em> can be used similarly, albeit to a lesser extent. The paper discusses the position of such forms in South Saami morphology, syntax and sentential semantics, especially in relation to markers of definiteness and possession. From a diachronic perspective, South Saami sheds new light on the origin of the Saami-Finnic (and Hungarian) comparative&nbsp;marker *-<em>mpV</em>, and from a typological point of view, it is proposed that the closest analogues to the Saami phenomenon can be found in Tungusic, which also adds to our understanding of the development of *<em>-mpV</em> comparatives – possibly from a more original contrastive function of the suffix.</p> 2018-12-31T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2018 Finnisch-Ugrische Forschungen https://journal.fi/fuf/article/view/66663 Altlettgallische Lehnwörter im Mordwinischen? 2019-07-13T15:40:37+03:00 Santeri Junttila santeri.junttila@helsinki.fi <p>Old Latgalian loanwords in Mordvin?</p> <p>Grünthal (2012) has counted 36 Baltic loanwords in Mordvin and divided them into two chronological layers according to their vowel substitutions. These borrowings have usually been connected to extinct Baltic dialects of the Dnepr and Oka basins, distinct from East Baltic. This article suggests some phonological and morphological evidence of an Old Latgalian origin for some Mordvin lexical items. They include (1) analogical <em>a</em>-present in OLtg *<em>re</em><em>ďa</em> ~ *<em>redźa</em> ‘to see’ → PMord. *<em>räťa</em>- ‘to notice’; (2) OLtg <em>dź</em>- → PMord. <em>ś-</em> in *<em>śiŕä </em>‘good’, ?*<em>śivä</em> ‘wage’ and ?*<em>śimeni </em>‘relative, friend’; (3) OLtg. ‑<em>dź</em>- → PMord. -<em>ť- </em>in *<em>räťa</em>-; (4) OLtg. -<em>s</em>- / ‑<em>z</em>‑ → PMord. -<em>s-</em> in *<em>pusma </em>‘bunch, bundle’ and *<em>riśmä </em>‘chain, rope’; (5) EBalt. <em>ei</em> ~ PMord. <em>eji</em> in *<em>pejili </em>‘knife’ vs. EBalt. <em>ie</em> ~ PMord. <em>e</em>, <em>i </em>in *<em>leppä</em> ‘alder’ and *<em>likä </em>‘another, else’. The article also presents new loan etymologies for PMord. *<em>śiŕä </em>‘good’ and ?*<em>śivä</em> ‘wage’.</p> 2018-12-31T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2018 Finnisch-Ugrische Forschungen https://journal.fi/fuf/article/view/66558 From the Middle Ages to modern times: the Karelian female name system 2019-07-13T15:41:07+03:00 Denis Kuzmin kusmiccu@hotmail.com <p>This paper offers an analysis of the system of female names used among the Karelian population. In addition to the analysis of the forms of Christian names used in the past and present in the territory populated by ethnic Karelians in the Republic of Karelia, as well as in Finland and the Tver and Leningrad Regions, an attempt is made to reconstruct the pre-Christian female name system of Medieval Korela. An important observation is that, as opposed to pre-Christian male names, which can be uncovered not only in documents but also in Karelian surnames and toponymy, there are no documented traces of female pre-Christian names from the Karelian population. At present, the main source of knowledge about Finnic pagan female names is, admittedly, oral folk poetry. The author, however, believes that there is another important source of information in addition to folklore, i.e. cow names, which can potentially offer quite a bit of data about the pre-Christian female name system of the Medieval Karelians. The pre-Christian system of female names began to gradually vanish from the Karelian land as Orthodoxy took over. After the baptizing event in 1227, the introduction of the Russian Orthodox onomasticon into the Karelian milieu led to the emergence of multiple vernacular variants. To account for these, the author analyzes the main patterns in the phonetic adaptation of Russian-language forms of female names in the Karelian language.</p> 2018-12-31T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2018 Finnisch-Ugrische Forschungen https://journal.fi/fuf/article/view/66694 Combining Proto-Scandinavian loanword strata in South Saami with the Early Iron Age archaeological material of Jämtland and Dalarna, Sweden 2019-07-13T15:40:06+03:00 Minerva Piha mmpiha@utu.fi <p>In this article, I will examine South Saami prehistory from the perspectives of archaeology and historical lexicology. I will present a theoretical model that can be applied to a multidisciplinary research that uses methodologies from both the sciences and test it using South Saami material. My linguistic data consists of North-West Germanic and Early Proto-Scandinavian loanwords in South Saami. These loanword strata can be dated to 1–550 CE. I will make an inventory of the semantic categories of the words in the loanword strata to see from which domains words were borrowed. I will also examine the prominent individual words that might have significance as intercultural markers. The archaeological material used in the research includes hunting ground graves, iron manufacturing sites and dwelling sites in Dalarna and Jämtland, Sweden. I will consider remain types, artefact finds and remain structures dated to 1–550 CE. Only those sites that have been excavated will be included in the data. I will correlate the lexical finds with the archaeological find groups in order to examine what the datasets together reveal about contacts between the South Saami and Scandinavian speakers. The combination of archaeological and lexical research gives new advantages and perspectives to the study of prehistory. The study brings new evidence for the prior hypothesis about South Saami speakers as domestic animal herders. The combination of the sciences also reveals that the earliest hunting ground graves should be considered to have belonged to a non-Saami speaking Paleo-European people.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2018-12-31T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2018 Finnisch-Ugrische Forschungen https://journal.fi/fuf/article/view/79503 Language choice among rural Mari families and their motives 2019-07-13T15:39:07+03:00 Elena Vedernikova elena.vedernikova@hotmail.com <p>Language choice is a core value of language policy that consists of three elements: management, or direct efforts to manipulate a language situation: practice, a sum of sound, word and grammatical choices that an individual speaker makes; and ideology, a set of beliefs about appropriate language practice (Spolsky 2004). Motives are related to the last component. As stated by researchers, language usage within a family can be determined by even one of these factors.</p> <p>This article presents the results of an analysis of quantitative and qualitative data collected during my fieldwork in Mari El (Russia). Comparative analysis of the survey data confirmed the process of weakening of intergenerational language transmission among rural Maris and the fact that the linguistic behavior of family members varies by generation. Usage of Russian or Mari within a family is mainly the result of different values attached to each language and their social roles among certain sectors of society.</p> 2018-12-31T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2018 Finnisch-Ugrische Forschungen https://journal.fi/fuf/article/view/66530 Evaluating language revival policies of Russia’s Finno-Ugric republics: policy impact and its limits 2019-07-13T15:41:37+03:00 Konstantin Zamyatin konstantin.zamyatin@helsinki.fi <p>The paper evaluates language policies of the ethnic republics of Russia titled after the ethnic groups speaking Finno-Ugric languages in order to understand why the policies had limited impact on their sociolinguistic situations. This is an empirical-analytical study based on quantitative research that investigates within the framework of policy analysis the link between policy outputs and outcomes in order to test the hypothesis that changes in behaviour and attitudes can be traced back to the patterns of language<br>management. The study produces a systematized set of data on measures taken to create the conditions for language knowledge, use and attitudes in the republics and searches for correlations among variables. The sources of quantitative data include legal and other official documents, accessible official statistics and available sociological and sociolinguistic surveys. Such a policy evaluation contributes to the theoretical understanding of the limits of the revivalist project pursued as a “top-down” public policy.</p> 2018-12-31T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2018 Finnisch-Ugrische Forschungen https://journal.fi/fuf/article/view/79536 Ein bedeutender Fortschritt in der Erforschung der Frühgeschichte des Ostseefinnischen 2019-07-13T15:38:37+03:00 Riho Grünthal riho.grunthal@helsinki.fi <p><strong>Besprechung</strong> Valter Lang: <em>Läänemeresoome tulemised</em> [Die Ankünfte des Ostseefinnischen]. Muinasaja teadus 28. Tartu: Tartu Ülikooli Kirjastus 2018. 320 S.</p> 2018-12-31T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2018 Finnisch-Ugrische Forschungen https://journal.fi/fuf/article/view/79537 Ein neues Handbuch über die ungarische Sprachgeschichte 2019-07-13T15:38:08+03:00 Ulla-Maija Forsberg ulla-maija.forsberg@kotus.fi <p><strong>Besprechung</strong> Kiss Jenő &amp; Pusztai Ferenc: <em>A magyar nyelvtörténet kézikönyve</em> [Handbuch der ungarischen Sprachgeschichte]. Budapest: Tinta könyvkiadó 2018. 548 S.</p> 2018-12-31T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2018 Finnisch-Ugrische Forschungen https://journal.fi/fuf/article/view/79538 Von Sprachkontakten zum Sprachtod oder zur Superdiversität? 2019-07-13T15:37:38+03:00 Sirkka Saarinen sirkka.saarinen@utu.fi <p><strong>Besprechung</strong> <em>Linguistic Genocide or Superdiversity? New and Old Language Diversities</em>. Ed. by Reetta Toivanen and Janne Saarikivi. Linguistic Diversity and Language Rights: 14. Multilingual Matters. Bristol – Buffalo – Toronto 2016. 362 S.</p> 2018-12-31T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2018 Finnisch-Ugrische Forschungen https://journal.fi/fuf/article/view/79541 Etymologische Erörterung ungarischer Wörter 2019-07-13T15:37:08+03:00 Sirkka Saarinen sirkka.saarinen@utu.fi <p><strong>Besprechung</strong> László Honti: <em>A magyar és a nyugati ótörök szókészleti kapcsolatairól</em> [Über die lexikalischen Beziehungen zwischen dem Ungarischen und dem Westalttürkischen]. Segédkönyvek a nyelvészet tanulmányozásához 196. Budapest: Tinta könyvkiadó 2017. 218 S.</p> 2018-12-31T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2018 Finnisch-Ugrische Forschungen https://journal.fi/fuf/article/view/79543 Detachment constructions in European languages and beyond 2019-07-13T15:36:38+03:00 Mariann Bernhardt mariann.bernhardt@utu.fi <p><strong>Besprechung</strong> M. M. Jocelyne Fernandez-Vest: <em>Detachments for Cohesion. Toward an Information Grammar of Oral Languages</em>. Empirical Approaches to Language Typology 56. De Gruyter Mouton 2015. XVII + 290 pp.</p> 2018-12-31T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2018 Finnisch-Ugrische Forschungen https://journal.fi/fuf/article/view/79544 Sprachmaterial und Grammatik zum livländischen Livisch 2019-07-13T15:36:07+03:00 Nobufumi Inaba nobufumi.inaba@utu.fi <p><strong>Besprechung</strong><br><em>Salis-Livisch I. J. A. Sjögrens Manuskript</em>. Ediert, glossiert und übersetzt von Eberhard Winkler und Karl Pajusalu. Veröffentlichungen der Societas Uralo-Altaica Band 88. Göttingen: Harrassowitz Verlag 2016. 392 S.<br><em>Salis-Livisch II. Grammatik und Wörterverzeichnis</em>. Auf der Grundlage von J. A. Sjögren Sprachmaterialien verfasst von Eberhard Winkler und Karl Pajusalu. Veröffentlichungen der Societas Uralo-Altaica Band 89. Göttingen: Harrassowitz Verlag 2018. 403 S.</p> 2018-12-31T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2018 Finnisch-Ugrische Forschungen https://journal.fi/fuf/article/view/79545 Lars-Gunnar Larsson: Per Holmberger och sockenlapparnas språk [Per Holmberger und die Sprache der Gemeindelappen] 2019-07-13T15:35:32+03:00 Sirkka Saarinen sirkka.saarinen@utu.fi <p><strong>Kurzrezension</strong> Lars-Gunnar Larsson: <em>Per Holmberger och sockenlapparnas språk</em> [Per Holmberger und die Sprache der Gemeindelappen]. Acta Bibliothecae R. Universitatis Upsaliensis 52. Uppsala, 2018. 274 S.</p> 2018-12-31T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2018 Finnisch-Ugrische Forschungen https://journal.fi/fuf/article/view/79546 Johanna Laakso, Anneli Sarhimaa, Sia Spiliopoulou Åkermark & Reetta Toivanen: Towards openly multilingual policies and practices. Assessing minority language maintenance across Europe 2019-07-13T15:35:01+03:00 Sirkka Saarinen sirkka.saarinen@utu.fi <p><strong>Kurzrezension</strong> Johanna Laakso, Anneli Sarhimaa, Sia Spiliopoulou Åkermark &amp; Reetta Toivanen: <em>Towards openly multilingual policies and practices. Assessing minority language maintenance across Europe</em>. Linguistic diversity and language rights: 11. Multilingual matters. Bristol – Buffalo – Toronto 2016. 259 S.</p> 2018-12-31T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2018 Finnisch-Ugrische Forschungen https://journal.fi/fuf/article/view/79547 В. К. Кельмаков: Острые углы удмуртской филологии [Aktuelle Probleme der udmurtischen Philologie] 2019-07-13T15:34:31+03:00 Esa-Jussi Salminen ejsalminen@gmail.com <p><strong>Kurzrezension</strong> В. К. Кельмаков: <em>Острые углы удмуртской филологии</em> [Aktuelle Probleme der udmurtischen Philologie]. Ижевск 2017. 555 S.</p> 2018-12-31T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2018 Finnisch-Ugrische Forschungen https://journal.fi/fuf/article/view/79548 Arto Moisio & Okan Daher: Tataarilais-suomalainen sanakirja. Татарча-финча сүзлек. Tatarça-finçä süzlek [Tatarisch-finnisches Wörterbuch] 2019-07-13T15:34:01+03:00 Esa-Jussi Salminen ejsalminen@gmail.com <p><strong>Kurzrezension</strong> Arto Moisio &amp; Okan Daher: <em>Tataarilais-suomalainen sanakirja</em>. <em>Татарча-финча сүзлек</em>. <em>Tatarça-finçä süzlek</em> [Tatarisch-finnisches Wörterbuch]. Apuneuvoja suomalais-ugrilaisten kielten opintoja varten XVIII. Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura 2016. 418 S.</p> 2018-12-31T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2018 Finnisch-Ugrische Forschungen https://journal.fi/fuf/article/view/79549 Hans-Hermann Bartens (Hrsg., Übers., Komm.): Sagen aus Lappland 2019-07-13T15:33:31+03:00 Sirkka Saarinen sirkka.saarinen@utu.fi <p><strong>Kurzrezension</strong><em> Sagen aus Lappland</em>. Herausgegeben, übersetzt und kommentiert von Hans-Hermann Bartens. Berlin: Frank und Timme 2018. 463 S.</p> 2018-12-31T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2018 Finnisch-Ugrische Forschungen https://journal.fi/fuf/article/view/79561 Shibanov А. А.: Подражательные слова в удмуртском языке [Onomatopoeic Words in the Udmurt Language] 2019-07-13T15:29:58+03:00 Dmitriy Efremov dmitjef@mail.ru <p><strong>Kurzrezension</strong> Shibanov А. А.: <em>Подражательные слова в удмуртском языке</em> [Onomatopoeic Words in the Udmurt Language]. УИИЯЛ УрО РАН. Ижевск: Издательство «Шелест», 2017. 201 S.</p> 2018-12-31T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2018 Finnisch-Ugrische Forschungen https://journal.fi/fuf/article/view/79550 Tamás Hofer 1929–2016 2019-07-13T15:33:01+03:00 Ildikó Lehtinen ildikolehtinen@gmail.com <p><strong>Nekrolog</strong> Tamás Hofer 1929–2016</p> 2018-12-31T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2018 Finnisch-Ugrische Forschungen https://journal.fi/fuf/article/view/79551 Evdokija Rombandeeva 1928–2017 2019-07-13T15:32:30+03:00 Sirkka Saarinen sirkka.saarinen@utu.fi <p><strong>Nekrolog</strong> Evdokija Rombandeeva 1928–2017</p> 2018-12-31T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2018 Finnisch-Ugrische Forschungen https://journal.fi/fuf/article/view/79552 János Gulya 1933–2017 2019-07-13T15:31:59+03:00 Sirkka Saarinen sirkka.saarinen@utu.fi <p><strong>Nekrolog</strong> János Gulya 1933–2017</p> 2018-12-31T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2018 Finnisch-Ugrische Forschungen https://journal.fi/fuf/article/view/79553 László Vikár 1929–2017 2019-07-13T15:31:29+03:00 Sirkka Saarinen sirkka.saarinen@utu.fi <p><strong>Nekrolog</strong> László Vikár 1929–2017</p> 2018-12-31T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2018 Finnisch-Ugrische Forschungen https://journal.fi/fuf/article/view/79554 Galina Nikitina 1951–2017 2019-07-13T15:30:59+03:00 Ildikó Lehtinen ildikolehtinen@gmail.com <p><strong>Nekrolog</strong> Galina Nikitina 1951–2017</p> 2018-12-31T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2018 Finnisch-Ugrische Forschungen https://journal.fi/fuf/article/view/79555 Aleksei Peterson 1931–2017 2019-07-13T15:30:29+03:00 Ildikó Lehtinen ildikolehtinen@gmail.com <p><strong>Nekrolog</strong> Aleksei Peterson 1931–2017</p> 2018-12-31T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2018 Finnisch-Ugrische Forschungen