Finnisch-Ugrische Forschungen https://journal.fi/fuf <p><em>Finnisch-Ugrische Forschungen</em> (FUF) is an international peer-reviewed journal. It publishes articles on Uralic (Finno-Ugric) languages and peoples, book reviews and discussions. FUF has been published since 1901, and it was originally founded to to fill in a gap in the discourse between Finno-Ugrists and Indo-Europeists. From 2020 on, FUF will be an open-access journal.</p> <p class="sus_teksti">Finnisch-Ugrische Forschungen (FUF) follows a bilateral anonymous peer review procedure for scientific articles, in which both the writer and the reviewer remain anonymous throughout the review process. Book reviews and overviews in FUF are processed internally by the editors and can be published without a scientific quality evaluation. Suggested research articles for publication shall be addressed to the Editor-in-Chief (jussi.ylikoski@oulu.fi).</p> <p class="sus_teksti">Statements on the scientific suitability for publication of manuscripts will be requested from at least two persons invited to review them. The reviewers are researchers who have defended their PhDs, are outside of the group of editors and are neutral with respect to the manuscript under review. The reviewers evaluate the scope of the research data, the researcher's mastery of the theoretical framework, the reliability and accuracy of the research as well as the distinctiveness and novelty value of the research in relation to earlier research (see <a href="https://www.tsv.fi/en/services/label-for-peer-reviewed-scholarly-publications/requirements-for-use">https://www.tsv.fi/en/services/label-for-peer-reviewed-scholarly-publications/requirements-for-use</a>). Each reviewer presents a statement on the rejection of the suggestion for publication or its acceptance as is, or with the indicated changes.</p> <p class="sus_teksti">Based on the statements, the Editor-in-Chief makes the decision on publishing the manuscript. A notification of the acceptance or rejection of the suggestion for publication will be sent to the authors, along with any suggested changes to the manuscript required for publication and the statements of the reviewers.</p> <p class="sus_teksti">The main information and documents related to the review process for all manuscripts accepted for review will be archived. For peer reviewed but rejected manuscripts, the authors' names mentioned in the suggestion for publication, the title of the manuscript and the names of the reviewers will be archived. For published manuscripts, the suggestion for publication, the statements sent by the reviewers and the decisions sent by the editors to the authors regarding publication will be stored. The archived information is confidential.</p> en-US jussi.ylikoski@oulu.fi (Jussi Ylikoski) sihteeri@sgr.fi (Susanna Virtanen) Tue, 26 Feb 2019 15:24:10 +0200 OJS 3.1.2.1 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 The so-called relation forms of nouns in South Saami https://journal.fi/fuf/article/view/67659 <p>The paper describes a previously little-known grammatical category in South Saami. Termed here as “relation forms”, the phenomenon in question is etymologically related to the comparative and superlative marking of adjectives, but synchronically quite distinct from it. The suffix -<em>be</em>/-<em>åbpoe</em> can be attached to not only adjectives (e.g., <em>nuerebe</em> ‘younger’, <em>båarasåbpoe</em> ‘older’), but also to nouns and kinship terms in particular (e.g., <em>tjidtjebe</em> ‘(the) mother’, <em>vuanavåbpoe</em> ‘(the) mother-in-law’), and the superlative marker -<em>mes</em>/-<em>ommes</em> can be used similarly, albeit to a lesser extent. The paper discusses the position of such forms in South Saami morphology, syntax and sentential semantics, especially in relation to markers of definiteness and possession. From a diachronic perspective, South Saami sheds new light on the origin of the Saami-Finnic (and Hungarian) comparative&nbsp;marker *-<em>mpV</em>, and from a typological point of view, it is proposed that the closest analogues to the Saami phenomenon can be found in Tungusic, which also adds to our understanding of the development of *<em>-mpV</em> comparatives – possibly from a more original contrastive function of the suffix.</p> Jussi Ylikoski Copyright (c) 2018 Finnisch-Ugrische Forschungen https://journal.fi/fuf/article/view/67659 Tue, 26 Feb 2019 15:24:10 +0200 Altlettgallische Lehnwörter im Mordwinischen? https://journal.fi/fuf/article/view/66663 <p>Old Latgalian loanwords in Mordvin?</p> <p>Grünthal (2012) has counted 36 Baltic loanwords in Mordvin and divided them into two chronological layers according to their vowel substitutions. These borrowings have usually been connected to extinct Baltic dialects of the Dnepr and Oka basins, distinct from East Baltic. This article suggests some phonological and morphological evidence of an Old Latgalian origin for some Mordvin lexical items. They include (1) analogical <em>a</em>-present in OLtg *<em>re</em><em>ďa</em> ~ *<em>redźa</em> ‘to see’ → PMord. *<em>räťa</em>- ‘to notice’; (2) OLtg <em>dź</em>- → PMord. <em>ś-</em> in *<em>śiŕä </em>‘good’, ?*<em>śivä</em> ‘wage’ and ?*<em>śimeni </em>‘relative, friend’; (3) OLtg. ‑<em>dź</em>- → PMord. -<em>ť- </em>in *<em>räťa</em>-; (4) OLtg. -<em>s</em>- / ‑<em>z</em>‑ → PMord. -<em>s-</em> in *<em>pusma </em>‘bunch, bundle’ and *<em>riśmä </em>‘chain, rope’; (5) EBalt. <em>ei</em> ~ PMord. <em>eji</em> in *<em>pejili </em>‘knife’ vs. EBalt. <em>ie</em> ~ PMord. <em>e</em>, <em>i </em>in *<em>leppä</em> ‘alder’ and *<em>likä </em>‘another, else’. The article also presents new loan etymologies for PMord. *<em>śiŕä </em>‘good’ and ?*<em>śivä</em> ‘wage’.</p> Santeri Junttila Copyright (c) 2018 Finnisch-Ugrische Forschungen https://journal.fi/fuf/article/view/66663 Tue, 26 Feb 2019 15:24:10 +0200 From the Middle Ages to modern times: the Karelian female name system https://journal.fi/fuf/article/view/66558 <p>This paper offers an analysis of the system of female names used among the Karelian population. In addition to the analysis of the forms of Christian names used in the past and present in the territory populated by ethnic Karelians in the Republic of Karelia, as well as in Finland and the Tver and Leningrad Regions, an attempt is made to reconstruct the pre-Christian female name system of Medieval Korela. An important observation is that, as opposed to pre-Christian male names, which can be uncovered not only in documents but also in Karelian surnames and toponymy, there are no documented traces of female pre-Christian names from the Karelian population. At present, the main source of knowledge about Finnic pagan female names is, admittedly, oral folk poetry. The author, however, believes that there is another important source of information in addition to folklore, i.e. cow names, which can potentially offer quite a bit of data about the pre-Christian female name system of the Medieval Karelians. The pre-Christian system of female names began to gradually vanish from the Karelian land as Orthodoxy took over. After the baptizing event in 1227, the introduction of the Russian Orthodox onomasticon into the Karelian milieu led to the emergence of multiple vernacular variants. To account for these, the author analyzes the main patterns in the phonetic adaptation of Russian-language forms of female names in the Karelian language.</p> Denis Kuzmin Copyright (c) 2018 Finnisch-Ugrische Forschungen https://journal.fi/fuf/article/view/66558 Tue, 26 Feb 2019 15:24:10 +0200 Combining Proto-Scandinavian loanword strata in South Saami with the Early Iron Age archaeological material of Jämtland and Dalarna, Sweden https://journal.fi/fuf/article/view/66694 <p>In this article, I will examine South Saami prehistory from the perspectives of archaeology and historical lexicology. I will present a theoretical model that can be applied to a multidisciplinary research that uses methodologies from both the sciences and test it using South Saami material. My linguistic data consists of North-West Germanic and Early Proto-Scandinavian loanwords in South Saami. These loanword strata can be dated to 1–550 CE. I will make an inventory of the semantic categories of the words in the loanword strata to see from which domains words were borrowed. I will also examine the prominent individual words that might have significance as intercultural markers. The archaeological material used in the research includes hunting ground graves, iron manufacturing sites and dwelling sites in Dalarna and Jämtland, Sweden. I will consider remain types, artefact finds and remain structures dated to 1–550 CE. Only those sites that have been excavated will be included in the data. I will correlate the lexical finds with the archaeological find groups in order to examine what the datasets together reveal about contacts between the South Saami and Scandinavian speakers. The combination of archaeological and lexical research gives new advantages and perspectives to the study of prehistory. The study brings new evidence for the prior hypothesis about South Saami speakers as domestic animal herders. The combination of the sciences also reveals that the earliest hunting ground graves should be considered to have belonged to a non-Saami speaking Paleo-European people.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Minerva Piha Copyright (c) 2018 Finnisch-Ugrische Forschungen https://journal.fi/fuf/article/view/66694 Tue, 26 Feb 2019 15:24:10 +0200 Language choice among rural Mari families and their motives https://journal.fi/fuf/article/view/79503 <p>Language choice is a core value of language policy that consists of three elements: management, or direct efforts to manipulate a language situation: practice, a sum of sound, word and grammatical choices that an individual speaker makes; and ideology, a set of beliefs about appropriate language practice (Spolsky 2004). Motives are related to the last component. As stated by researchers, language usage within a family can be determined by even one of these factors.</p> <p>This article presents the results of an analysis of quantitative and qualitative data collected during my fieldwork in Mari El (Russia). Comparative analysis of the survey data confirmed the process of weakening of intergenerational language transmission among rural Maris and the fact that the linguistic behavior of family members varies by generation. Usage of Russian or Mari within a family is mainly the result of different values attached to each language and their social roles among certain sectors of society.</p> Elena Vedernikova Copyright (c) 2018 Finnisch-Ugrische Forschungen https://journal.fi/fuf/article/view/79503 Tue, 26 Feb 2019 15:24:10 +0200 Evaluating language revival policies of Russia’s Finno-Ugric republics: policy impact and its limits https://journal.fi/fuf/article/view/66530 <p>The paper evaluates language policies of the ethnic republics of Russia titled after the ethnic groups speaking Finno-Ugric languages in order to understand why the policies had limited impact on their sociolinguistic situations. This is an empirical-analytical study based on quantitative research that investigates within the framework of policy analysis the link between policy outputs and outcomes in order to test the hypothesis that changes in behaviour and attitudes can be traced back to the patterns of language<br>management. The study produces a systematized set of data on measures taken to create the conditions for language knowledge, use and attitudes in the republics and searches for correlations among variables. The sources of quantitative data include legal and other official documents, accessible official statistics and available sociological and sociolinguistic surveys. Such a policy evaluation contributes to the theoretical understanding of the limits of the revivalist project pursued as a “top-down” public policy.</p> Konstantin Zamyatin Copyright (c) 2018 Finnisch-Ugrische Forschungen https://journal.fi/fuf/article/view/66530 Tue, 26 Feb 2019 15:24:10 +0200 Ein bedeutender Fortschritt in der Erforschung der Frühgeschichte des Ostseefinnischen https://journal.fi/fuf/article/view/79536 <p><strong>Besprechung</strong> Valter Lang: <em>Läänemeresoome tulemised</em> [Die Ankünfte des Ostseefinnischen]. Muinasaja teadus 28. Tartu: Tartu Ülikooli Kirjastus 2018. 320 S.</p> Riho Grünthal Copyright (c) 2018 Finnisch-Ugrische Forschungen https://journal.fi/fuf/article/view/79536 Tue, 26 Feb 2019 15:24:10 +0200 Ein neues Handbuch über die ungarische Sprachgeschichte https://journal.fi/fuf/article/view/79537 <p><strong>Besprechung</strong> Kiss Jenő &amp; Pusztai Ferenc: <em>A magyar nyelvtörténet kézikönyve</em> [Handbuch der ungarischen Sprachgeschichte]. Budapest: Tinta könyvkiadó 2018. 548 S.</p> Ulla-Maija Forsberg Copyright (c) 2018 Finnisch-Ugrische Forschungen https://journal.fi/fuf/article/view/79537 Tue, 26 Feb 2019 15:24:10 +0200 Von Sprachkontakten zum Sprachtod oder zur Superdiversität? https://journal.fi/fuf/article/view/79538 <p><strong>Besprechung</strong> <em>Linguistic Genocide or Superdiversity? New and Old Language Diversities</em>. Ed. by Reetta Toivanen and Janne Saarikivi. Linguistic Diversity and Language Rights: 14. Multilingual Matters. Bristol – Buffalo – Toronto 2016. 362 S.</p> Sirkka Saarinen Copyright (c) 2018 Finnisch-Ugrische Forschungen https://journal.fi/fuf/article/view/79538 Tue, 26 Feb 2019 15:24:10 +0200 Etymologische Erörterung ungarischer Wörter https://journal.fi/fuf/article/view/79541 <p><strong>Besprechung</strong> László Honti: <em>A magyar és a nyugati ótörök szókészleti kapcsolatairól</em> [Über die lexikalischen Beziehungen zwischen dem Ungarischen und dem Westalttürkischen]. Segédkönyvek a nyelvészet tanulmányozásához 196. Budapest: Tinta könyvkiadó 2017. 218 S.</p> Sirkka Saarinen Copyright (c) 2018 Finnisch-Ugrische Forschungen https://journal.fi/fuf/article/view/79541 Tue, 26 Feb 2019 15:24:10 +0200 Detachment constructions in European languages and beyond https://journal.fi/fuf/article/view/79543 <p><strong>Besprechung</strong> M. M. Jocelyne Fernandez-Vest: <em>Detachments for Cohesion. Toward an Information Grammar of Oral Languages</em>. Empirical Approaches to Language Typology 56. De Gruyter Mouton 2015. XVII + 290 pp.</p> Mariann Bernhardt Copyright (c) 2018 Finnisch-Ugrische Forschungen https://journal.fi/fuf/article/view/79543 Tue, 26 Feb 2019 15:24:10 +0200 Sprachmaterial und Grammatik zum livländischen Livisch https://journal.fi/fuf/article/view/79544 <p><strong>Besprechung</strong><br><em>Salis-Livisch I. J. A. Sjögrens Manuskript</em>. Ediert, glossiert und übersetzt von Eberhard Winkler und Karl Pajusalu. Veröffentlichungen der Societas Uralo-Altaica Band 88. Göttingen: Harrassowitz Verlag 2016. 392 S.<br><em>Salis-Livisch II. Grammatik und Wörterverzeichnis</em>. Auf der Grundlage von J. A. Sjögren Sprachmaterialien verfasst von Eberhard Winkler und Karl Pajusalu. Veröffentlichungen der Societas Uralo-Altaica Band 89. Göttingen: Harrassowitz Verlag 2018. 403 S.</p> Nobufumi Inaba Copyright (c) 2018 Finnisch-Ugrische Forschungen https://journal.fi/fuf/article/view/79544 Tue, 26 Feb 2019 15:24:10 +0200 Lars-Gunnar Larsson: Per Holmberger och sockenlapparnas språk [Per Holmberger und die Sprache der Gemeindelappen] https://journal.fi/fuf/article/view/79545 <p><strong>Kurzrezension</strong> Lars-Gunnar Larsson: <em>Per Holmberger och sockenlapparnas språk</em> [Per Holmberger und die Sprache der Gemeindelappen]. Acta Bibliothecae R. Universitatis Upsaliensis 52. Uppsala, 2018. 274 S.</p> Sirkka Saarinen Copyright (c) 2018 Finnisch-Ugrische Forschungen https://journal.fi/fuf/article/view/79545 Tue, 26 Feb 2019 15:24:10 +0200 Johanna Laakso, Anneli Sarhimaa, Sia Spiliopoulou Åkermark & Reetta Toivanen: Towards openly multilingual policies and practices. Assessing minority language maintenance across Europe https://journal.fi/fuf/article/view/79546 <p><strong>Kurzrezension</strong> Johanna Laakso, Anneli Sarhimaa, Sia Spiliopoulou Åkermark &amp; Reetta Toivanen: <em>Towards openly multilingual policies and practices. Assessing minority language maintenance across Europe</em>. Linguistic diversity and language rights: 11. Multilingual matters. Bristol – Buffalo – Toronto 2016. 259 S.</p> Sirkka Saarinen Copyright (c) 2018 Finnisch-Ugrische Forschungen https://journal.fi/fuf/article/view/79546 Tue, 26 Feb 2019 15:24:10 +0200 В. К. Кельмаков: Острые углы удмуртской филологии [Aktuelle Probleme der udmurtischen Philologie] https://journal.fi/fuf/article/view/79547 <p><strong>Kurzrezension</strong> В. К. Кельмаков: <em>Острые углы удмуртской филологии</em> [Aktuelle Probleme der udmurtischen Philologie]. Ижевск 2017. 555 S.</p> Esa-Jussi Salminen Copyright (c) 2018 Finnisch-Ugrische Forschungen https://journal.fi/fuf/article/view/79547 Tue, 26 Feb 2019 15:24:10 +0200 Arto Moisio & Okan Daher: Tataarilais-suomalainen sanakirja. Татарча-финча сүзлек. Tatarça-finçä süzlek [Tatarisch-finnisches Wörterbuch] https://journal.fi/fuf/article/view/79548 <p><strong>Kurzrezension</strong> Arto Moisio &amp; Okan Daher: <em>Tataarilais-suomalainen sanakirja</em>. <em>Татарча-финча сүзлек</em>. <em>Tatarça-finçä süzlek</em> [Tatarisch-finnisches Wörterbuch]. Apuneuvoja suomalais-ugrilaisten kielten opintoja varten XVIII. Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura 2016. 418 S.</p> Esa-Jussi Salminen Copyright (c) 2018 Finnisch-Ugrische Forschungen https://journal.fi/fuf/article/view/79548 Tue, 26 Feb 2019 15:24:10 +0200 Hans-Hermann Bartens (Hrsg., Übers., Komm.): Sagen aus Lappland https://journal.fi/fuf/article/view/79549 <p><strong>Kurzrezension</strong><em> Sagen aus Lappland</em>. Herausgegeben, übersetzt und kommentiert von Hans-Hermann Bartens. Berlin: Frank und Timme 2018. 463 S.</p> Sirkka Saarinen Copyright (c) 2018 Finnisch-Ugrische Forschungen https://journal.fi/fuf/article/view/79549 Tue, 26 Feb 2019 15:24:10 +0200 Shibanov А. А.: Подражательные слова в удмуртском языке [Onomatopoeic Words in the Udmurt Language] https://journal.fi/fuf/article/view/79561 <p><strong>Kurzrezension</strong> Shibanov А. А.: <em>Подражательные слова в удмуртском языке</em> [Onomatopoeic Words in the Udmurt Language]. УИИЯЛ УрО РАН. Ижевск: Издательство «Шелест», 2017. 201 S.</p> Dmitriy Efremov Copyright (c) 2018 Finnisch-Ugrische Forschungen https://journal.fi/fuf/article/view/79561 Tue, 26 Feb 2019 15:24:10 +0200 Tamás Hofer 1929–2016 https://journal.fi/fuf/article/view/79550 <p><strong>Nekrolog</strong> Tamás Hofer 1929–2016</p> Ildikó Lehtinen Copyright (c) 2018 Finnisch-Ugrische Forschungen https://journal.fi/fuf/article/view/79550 Tue, 26 Feb 2019 15:24:10 +0200 Evdokija Rombandeeva 1928–2017 https://journal.fi/fuf/article/view/79551 <p><strong>Nekrolog</strong> Evdokija Rombandeeva 1928–2017</p> Sirkka Saarinen Copyright (c) 2018 Finnisch-Ugrische Forschungen https://journal.fi/fuf/article/view/79551 Tue, 26 Feb 2019 15:24:10 +0200 János Gulya 1933–2017 https://journal.fi/fuf/article/view/79552 <p><strong>Nekrolog</strong> János Gulya 1933–2017</p> Sirkka Saarinen Copyright (c) 2018 Finnisch-Ugrische Forschungen https://journal.fi/fuf/article/view/79552 Tue, 26 Feb 2019 15:24:10 +0200 László Vikár 1929–2017 https://journal.fi/fuf/article/view/79553 <p><strong>Nekrolog</strong> László Vikár 1929–2017</p> Sirkka Saarinen Copyright (c) 2018 Finnisch-Ugrische Forschungen https://journal.fi/fuf/article/view/79553 Tue, 26 Feb 2019 15:24:10 +0200 Galina Nikitina 1951–2017 https://journal.fi/fuf/article/view/79554 <p><strong>Nekrolog</strong> Galina Nikitina 1951–2017</p> Ildikó Lehtinen Copyright (c) 2018 Finnisch-Ugrische Forschungen https://journal.fi/fuf/article/view/79554 Tue, 26 Feb 2019 15:24:10 +0200 Aleksei Peterson 1931–2017 https://journal.fi/fuf/article/view/79555 <p><strong>Nekrolog</strong> Aleksei Peterson 1931–2017</p> Ildikó Lehtinen Copyright (c) 2018 Finnisch-Ugrische Forschungen https://journal.fi/fuf/article/view/79555 Tue, 26 Feb 2019 15:24:10 +0200