Finnish Yearbook of Population Research 2024-05-10T13:52:11+03:00 Anna Rotkirch Open Journal Systems <p class="esittely">is a peer reviewed, open access journal published by the Population Research Institute of the Family Federation of Finland (<a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Väestöliitto</a>) in collaboration with <a title="" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">The Finnish Demographic Society</a>&nbsp;and&nbsp;<a title="" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">The Institute of Migration</a>.</p> The first Generations and Gender Survey in Finland 2024-01-23T09:00:37+02:00 Anna Hägglund Tiia Sorsa Venla Berg Anna Rotkirch <p>The first Generations and Gender Survey in Finland was collected in 2021/2022 as a web-based survey. In addition to the standard GGS-questionnaire, the Finnish survey included two new modules: the Miller Instrument, which captures childbearing motivations, and Global uncertainties, which enquires about perceptions of future threats. To further advance research on family dynamics, data from GGS Finland is linked to administrative records. This allows researchers to explore employment and family trajectories until 2026. Analyses of core socio-demographic characteristics and well-established fertility indicators reveal that the sample, by and large, represents the target population.</p> 2024-05-10T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Anna Hägglund, Tiia Sorsa, Venla Berg, Anna Rotkirch The Estonian Generations and Gender Survey 2020: 2023-12-11T14:54:06+02:00 Allan Puur Luule Sakkeus Liili Abuladze Mark Gortfelder Martin Klesment Leen Rahnu Tiina Tambaum <p>In Estonia, the Generations and Gender Survey 2020 (GGS-II) is the third large-scale demographic survey that collects data on family and fertility dynamics. As the country participates in the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe, the GGS-II opted for a shorter age range of the sample (18–59). The questionnaire in the GGS-II in Estonia follows the GGS-II wave 1 baseline questionnaire. The questionnaire also includes the Global Uncertainties’ module developed by the Nordic countries, a battery of questions on the perceived impact of COVID-19, and several country-specific items. The GGS-II in Estonia was implemented using only computer-assisted web interviewing (CAWI). In this article, we present a concise overview of the sampling and data collection process, analyse representativeness and response rates, and briefly assess the data quality. We conclude that despite low response rates, the GGS-II provides a good basis for the analysis of fertility and family dynamics.</p> 2024-05-10T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Allan Puur, Luule Sakkeus, Liili Abuladze, Mark Gortfelder, Martin Klesment, Leen Rahnu, Tiina Tambaum The Swedish Generations and Gender Survey 2021 2023-09-29T01:36:27+03:00 Gerda Neyer Gunnar Andersson Johan Dahlberg <p>The Swedish Generations and Gender Survey 2021 (GGS2021) was the second GGS that Sweden carried out. It was a web-based survey with a paper-based option. Like the first GGS in Sweden (GGS2012) it was linked to register data that cover key dimensions of respondents’ life courses. The Swedish GGS2021 contains two new modules implemented to further research on the link between subjective perceptions and fertility. Both modules will be part of the second wave of the international GGS standard questionnaire. In this contribution, we first describe our motivation to carry out the Swedish<br />GGS2021. We then present our two new modules and sketch their theoretical underpinnings. This is followed by a summary of the data collection process and an assessment of data quality. We conclude with some reflections on the implementation of new modules in future international GGSs and on our experience with register-linked surveys.</p> 2024-05-10T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Gerda Neyer, Gunnar Andersson, Johan Dahlberg The Association Between Gendered Workplaces and the Length of Childcare Leave 2023-10-24T08:43:47+03:00 Eva Österbacka Tapio Räsänen <p>Previous research indicates that mothers base the length of their childcare leave on individual opportunity costs. While workplace dynamics and peer influences may affect the duration of the leave, empirical evidence remains inconclusive. This study investigates the association between childcare leave length and workplace characteristics, as well as peer influences in the Finnish institutional context. In Finland, mothers can extend their earnings-related childcare leave with a flat-rate home care allowance until their child turns three years old. At the same time, they are entitled to subsidised day care, allowing them to choose the length of their childcare leave. Our results show that, in the gender-segregated Finnish labour market, the length of childcare leave among mothers varies based on employment sector, number of employees, peers’ leave length, and the share of women in the workplace.</p> 2024-05-10T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Eva Österbacka, Tapio Räsänen Seasonality of Birth Weight in Singleton Full-term Births in Finland 2023-11-29T08:55:58+02:00 Hilde Orderud Niko Eskelinen Matti Lindberg <p>Seasonal birth weight has been identified across different climate zones. Finland has wide seasonal and regional variation in climate within the country. We explore the potential seasonality of birth weight in singleton full-term births in Finland, and its variations across time and within the country. We apply descriptive time-series graphs, linear regression across regions, and linear regression with mother fixed effects using Finnish register data consisting of more than 1,800,000 infants born from 1987 to 2021. The descriptive findings indicate a decline in birth weight from 1987 to 2021. A monthly seasonal trend with peaks in spring and autumn and troughs in summer and winter is observed. The pattern gets less distinct with time and shows within-country variations. The seasonal pattern is also present when applying mother fixed effects. We suggest that the seasonal variation is more related to variations in climate than stable characteristics at the family level.</p> 2024-05-10T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Hilde Orderud, Niko Eskelinen, Matti Lindberg Residential mobility and suicide in Belgium 2023-10-18T15:18:45+03:00 Joan Damiens <p>Using Belgian administrative datasets (National Register, Census, and death certificates) on individuals aged 20–64 (N=7,246,740 individuals and 4,109 suicides), the study examined the association between mobility and suicide in the context of union transitions and different life stages. Using Cox proportional hazard models, we found that, in general, moving was associated with an increased risk of suicide than immobility, except for moves in the context of union transitions. Additionally, results highlighted that union dissolutions were associated with a higher risk of suicide – regardless of residential mobility. Moreover, mobility (compared to immobility) for individuals who were in stable situations (single or partnered) or who were in their mid-adulthood was associated with higher risks of suicide. Finally, middle-aged adults (aged 40–54) presented higher suicide risks in all cases of residential mobility, including if accompanied by union transitions.</p> 2024-05-10T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Joan Damiens Attitudes Towards Filial Responsibility in 11 European Countries 2024-01-16T10:01:42+02:00 Juha Kääriäinen Mirkka Danielsbacka Antti Tanskanen <p>This study examines how attitudes towards filial responsibility (AFR) have changed in 11 European countries between 2001 and 2017, based on data from the International Social Survey Programme. These countries include various types of welfare states and family traditions. The study also analyses the change in AFR according to the respondents’ gender and age. The findings indicate that in 2017, individuals reported lower filial responsibility than in 2001, with the exception of Great Britain, where the AFR increased. The most substantial decreases in AFR were observed in Hungary, France, Denmark, and Finland. This negative shift is visible in both genders and all age groups, particularly late middle-aged women. However, despite the varying intensity of AFR change, it was challenging to identify clear patterns in the variations between countries. These results highlight potential negative effects on political proposals for long-term care for older adults supported by younger generations.</p> 2024-05-10T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Juha Kääriäinen, Mirkka Danielsbacka, Antti Tanskanen Counting on parents or others? 2023-11-06T15:00:25+02:00 Alyona Artamonova Tiia Sorsa Venla Berg Anna Erika Hägglund Anna Rotkirch <p>This study explores the associations between receiving social support from network members other than individuals’ parents and fertility intentions in Finland. It additionally examines whether support from others can compensate for the lack of parental support or complement their support. Using logistic regression models applied to Generations and Gender Survey (GGS) data on individuals aged 18–45 years enriched with administrative registers, we found that Finns who received instrumental support from others were more likely to intend to have a child. Support from others did not compensate for, nor complement, a lack of parental support or parental geographic remoteness. However, among men with at least one parent deceased or unknown, those receiving emotional support from others were more likely to intend to have a child within three years (and as likely as individuals with both parents alive) than those not receiving this support, suggesting a compensatory mechanism.</p> 2024-05-10T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Alyona (Alena) Artamonova, Tiia Sorsa, Venla Berg, Anna Erika Hägglund, Anna Rotkirch Change in Marriage Behaviour in North-Central Namibia 1925–2009 2023-10-24T09:00:58+03:00 Veijo J Notkola Harri Siiskonen Riikka Shemeikka <p>Namibia is the only country in Africa for which historical data is available to describe the change in marriage behavior since the 1920s. The aim of this article is to describe and to understand how the age at first marriage changed and how it was related to cohabitation since the 1920s in Namibia. The description of changes is based on parish register material and the family reconstitution method. The mean age at first marriage was over 20 for both sexes as early as the 1920s. In 1945–49, the mean age at first marriage started to increase, reaching about 29 for men and 24 for women at the end of the 1950s. The explanation for the increase was labor migration. The new cohabitation model was introduced from the end of the 1970s to the 1980s. Features of this model were cohabitation before marriage, late marriage age, a low married proportion of the population and high proportion of premarital births.</p> 2024-05-10T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Veijo J Notkola, Harri Siiskonen, Riikka Shemeikka Book review 2023-05-08T10:27:27+03:00 Simo Arhippainen <p>Harden, K. P. (2021). The Genetic Lottery: Why DNA Matters for Social equality. Princeton University Press.</p> 2024-05-10T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Simo Arhippainen Book review 2022-12-16T10:58:56+02:00 Hannu Lehti <p>Weekes-Shackelford, V. A., &amp; Shackelford, T. K. (eds.). (2021). The Oxford Handbook of Evolutionary Psychology and Parenting. New York: Oxford University Press.</p> 2024-05-10T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Hannu Lehti