Finnish Yearbook of Population Research 2021-02-01T14:35:41+02:00 Anna Rotkirch Open Journal Systems <p class="esittely">is a peer reviewed, open access journal published by the Population Research Institute of the Family Federation of Finland (<a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Väestöliitto</a>) in collaboration with <a title="" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">The Finnish Demographic Society</a>&nbsp;and&nbsp;<a title="" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">The Institute of Migration</a>.</p> Rural-Urban Migration Pathways and Residential Segregation in the Helsinki Region 2021-01-21T10:36:58+02:00 Aleksi Karhula Patricia McMullin Elina Sutela Sanna Ala-Mantila Hannu Ruonavaara <p>Migration and residential segregation are intrinsically linked. However, little attention has been given to internal migration and its relationship with socioeconomic segregation. In this study, we illustrate the pathways individuals take between rural and urban settings and examine the association between these pathways and segregation in the Helsinki region. We use register data from Statistics Finland and sequence analysis to illustrate the mobility patterns of two 1980s birth cohorts aged 7 to 37. The majority of Finnish rural-urban pathways are associated with either a childhood spent in an urban area or a move to an urban area in young adulthood. We show that an even larger majority of people living in Helsinki at age 37 spent their childhood there or in other urban environments. We find that internal migrants are positively selected for education and income. A childhood in the outer urban regions of a city reduces the probability of living in low income neighbourhoods when controlling for socioeconomic status and family structure. We found no association between rural childhood and living in poor neighbourhoods.</p> 2021-01-11T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Aleksi Karhula, Patricia McMullin , Elina Sutela, Sanna Ala-Mantila, Hannu Ruonavaara Are Self-rated Health, Native Finnish Friends and Having Children under School Age Associated with Employment? 2021-02-01T14:35:41+02:00 Auli Airila Ari Väänänen Minna Toivanen Aki Koskinen Natalia Skogberg Anu Castaneda <p>In Western countries, entry into the labour market is difficult for humanitarian migrants, especially women. The aim of our study was to examine the association of health, native Finnish friends and having under school-age children with employment among humanitarian migrants.</p> <p>The data were drawn from the Finnish Migrant Health and Wellbeing Study. The sample comprised 479 migrants of Kurdish and Somali origin (men n=248; women n=231). We analysed the associations of self-rated health, having Finnish friends and under school age children with employment using multinomial regression modelling.</p> <p>After adjustment for several well-established determinants of employment, having Finnish friends and good health were robustly associated with employment among women. In the age-adjusted model, having 3–6 years old children was related to lower employment among women, but after all adjustments, the association became nonsignificant. All these associations were nonsignificant among male migrants. To conclude, good health and bridging social relations with natives play a role in strengthening employment opportunities among female humanitarian migrants.</p> 2021-01-11T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Auli Airila, Ari Väänänen, Minna Toivanen, Aki Koskinen, Natalia Skogberg, Anu Castaneda The Association between Pre- and Post-Migration Wellbeing Factors with Integration among Russian, Somali, and Kurdish Origin Women in Finland 2021-01-13T11:24:57+02:00 Wiam Elfadl Eero Lilja Natalia Skogberg Katarina Selling Anu Castaneda <p>Pre- and post-migration related factors are likely to influence integration outcomes of migrants. This study aimed to investigate which pre-migration factors (basic education and potentially traumatic experiences) and post-migration wellbeing factors (quality of life and loneliness) are associated with integration outcomes (employment status, language skills, voting, media use, having host country’s native friends, participation in<br>leisure activities) of migrant background men and women. The Finnish Migrant Health and Wellbeing Study (Maamu) was used, including working-aged adults of Russian, Somali, and Kurdish origin. Each integration outcome was analysed by each predictive factor with logistic regression, separately for the three groups and separately for men and women. The integration outcomes were somewhat differently associated with pre- and post-migration factors in the different groups. All these aspects are important to be taken into account in integration discourse to promote both integration and social wellbeing.</p> 2021-01-11T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Wiam Elfadl, Eero Lilja, Natalia Skogberg, Katarina Selling, Anu Castaneda Book review 2021-01-13T11:24:29+02:00 Janne Salminen <p>Lehti, Hannu. (2020) <em>The Role of Kin in Educational and Status Attainment</em>. Annales Universitatis Turkuensis. University of Turku.</p> 2021-01-11T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Janne Salminen