Finnish Yearbook of Population Research <p class="esittely">is a peer reviewed, open access journal published by the Population Research Institute of the Family Federation of Finland (<a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Väestöliitto</a>) in collaboration with <a title="" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">The Finnish Demographic Society</a>&nbsp;and&nbsp;<a title="" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">The Institute of Migration</a>.</p> the Family Federation of Finland en-US Finnish Yearbook of Population Research 1796-6183 <p>Authors who publish with the Finnish Yearbook of Population Research agree to the following terms:</p> <ul type="disc"> <li>Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a <a href="" target="_new">Creative Commons Attribution License</a> that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</li> <li>Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</li> <li>Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See <a href="" target="_new">The Effect of Open Access</a>).</li> <li>The license of the published metadata is Creative Commons CC0 4.0 Universal (<a href="" target="_blank">CC BY 4.0</a>)</li> </ul> Survival and Years of Good Life in Finland in the very long run <p><em>In this paper we apply the recently developed wellbeing indicator ‘Years of Good Life’ (YoGL) to Finland, which has the world’s longest annual demographic time series starting in 1722. We combine this with scenarios up to 2100 as developed under the SSP (Shared Socioeconomic Pathways) framework. YoGL is based primarily on the trend in life expectancy but it also considers age-specific proportions of persons above critical levels of quality of life indicators (using the Sullivan method). Since estimating these indicators for historical populations is a major challenge, the paper uses a wide array of sources to come up with a first crude estimation of how quality of life has changed in Finland over the centuries.</em></p> Claudia Reiter Wolfgang Lutz Copyright (c) 2020 Claudia Reiter, Wolfgang Lutz 2020-02-26 2020-02-26 54 1 27 10.23979/fypr.87148 Why fertility has been declining in Finland after the Global Recession? <p>A steady improvement in the economy and employment since 2010 did not stop the drop in total fertility rate in Finland. Declining fertility now includes women in almost all age and educational groups in the country. This decline has continued long enough to also indicate a dramatic decrease in completed fertility, which is a departure from decades of sustained levels of completed fertility. Drawing from a range of publicly available descriptive data, this article assesses the extent to which old and new theories of fertility are relevant in explaining this development. In conclusion, the fertility development in Finland is surprising, and challenges traditional theories on fertility, which analyse fertility from economic and gender perspectives. Social interaction theory holds more promise. However, it is very difficult to find data sources which could elucidate the role of social interaction in the fertility decline. Designing pro-natalistic policies is challenging before there is more detailed evidence and understanding concerning the key drivers of the fertility decline in Finland.</p> Heikki Hiilamo Copyright (c) 2020 Heikki Hiilamo 2020-02-26 2020-02-26 54 29 51 10.23979/fypr.85090 Birth order and relationship quality between adult children and parents <p>The neglected middleborn hypothesis predicts that middleborn children should have a worse relationship quality with their parents compared to firstborn and lastborn children. However, prior studies investigating this question have produced mixed results. In this study, the neglected middleborn hypothesis was tested using a large-scale, population-based sample of younger adults from Germany. Relationship quality was measured by contact frequency, emotional closeness, intimacy and amount of conflict participants reported towards their mothers and their fathers. It was found that middleborns reported less intimacy towards their mothers than lastborns. However, in all other cases, middleborns did not differ from firstborns or lastborns in their relationship quality with their mothers and fathers. Thus, the study did not find convincing support for the neglected middleborn effect.</p> Antti O. Tanskanen Mirkka Danielsbacka Copyright (c) 2020 Antti O. Tanskanen, Mirkka Danielsbacka 2020-02-26 2020-02-26 54 53 61 10.23979/fypr.83319 Book review <p>Tanskanen, A. O., &amp; Danielsbacka, M. J. E. (2018). <em>Intergenerational Family Relations: An Evolutionary Social Science Approach</em>. (Routledge Advances in Sociology). Routledge.</p> Hannu Lehti Copyright (c) 2020 Hannu Lehti 2020-02-26 2020-02-26 54 63 65 10.23979/fypr.88115