THE IMPACT OF PERSONALITY AND SELF-EFFICACY ON ACADEMIC AND MILITARY PERFORMANCE: THE MEDIATING ROLE OF SELF-EFFICACY

  • Thomas Hol Fosse Norwegian Defense University College
  • Robert Buch Department of Physical Education, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences
  • Reidar Säfvenbom Norwegian Defence University College, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Defence Institute
  • Monica Martinussen Norwegian Defence University College, Oslo and RKBU-Nord, UiT The Arctic University of Norway
Keywords: Big Five, personality traits, self-efficacy, military performance, academic performance

Abstract

In order to optimize recruitment and the overall outcome of educational programmes, it is crucial to understand personal determinants of achievement. While several cognitive abilities and skills individually predict performance in academic and professional settings, it is less clear how personality translates into performance. This study addresses the impact of the Big Five personality trait, conscientiousness, on academic performance and instructor performance ratings and examines the mediating role of self-efficacy. Analysis of longitudinal data (Time 1: n = 166 (conscientiousness); Time 2: n = 161 (self-efficacy); Time 3: n = 136 (military performance) and n = 156 (academic performance)) from three military academies in Norway showed that conscientiousness was related to both military and academic performance. Moreover, self-efficacy emerged as a partial mediator for the relationship between conscientiousness and performance.

Author Biography

Thomas Hol Fosse, Norwegian Defense University College
Assistant Professor
Departement of Military Psychology and Leadership Development
Published
2015-12-14
How to Cite
Fosse, T., Buch, R., Säfvenbom, R., & Martinussen, M. (2015). THE IMPACT OF PERSONALITY AND SELF-EFFICACY ON ACADEMIC AND MILITARY PERFORMANCE: THE MEDIATING ROLE OF SELF-EFFICACY. Journal of Military Studies, 6(1). Retrieved from https://journal.fi/jms/article/view/52567
Section
Articles