Matkailututkimus <p>Matkailututkimus on monitieteinen matkailua, virkistystä ja vapaaaikaa käsittelevä tiedelehti. Lehdessä julkaistaan suomen-, ruotsin- ja englanninkielisiä vertaisarvioituja artikkeleita ja katsausartikkeleita sekä vertaisarvioimattomia kirjoituksia puheenvuorot-, ajankohtaista- ja lektiot-osastoilla.</p> fi-FI (Outi Rantala) (Heli Ilola) ma, 18 joulu 2017 09:14:49 +0200 OJS 60 Jotakin täytyy aina päättää Juulia Räikkönen ##submission.copyrightStatement## ma, 18 joulu 2017 00:00:00 +0200 The transnational lives of Finnish retirees in Torrevieja <p>Decades of consumerist package tourism have encouraged Northern European retirees to engage in more self-oriented, flexible travel, and some are taking advantage of seasonal migration to the Mediterranean. This has become possible because of the accelerating material and immaterial flows that have led people to view the world as getting smaller. This article interprets the phenomenon utilizing theories of the spatial turn and qualitatively examines the empirical case of Finnish retirees in Torrevieja, Spain. For the middle-class retirees, seasonal migration can offer positive economic and lifestyle incentives. Due to the flow of images and information, it is possible to construct secure and comfortable everyday lives in a transnational setting. The Finnish community in Torrevieja has grown to such a point that its members collectively represent Finnishness in community activities and on social media, thereby strengthening the community. The Finnish community in the location and online contact with relatives decrease the significance of the spatial proximity of social relations. These relatively affluent retirees consume time and space in mobile ways that undermine the material, mental, and social significance of geographical location.</p> Antti Wallin ##submission.copyrightStatement## ma, 18 joulu 2017 00:00:00 +0200 Sustainable planning for space tourism <p>This article concentrates on planning and development for future space tourism. It focuses on environmentally oriented sustainable ways of operating and introduces a new framework for creating a feasible sustainable future. The framework can be used as a theoretical basis in research that introduces new perspectives into a sustainable future in space tourism. Weak sustainable development planning sets the needs of mankind above all other ecosystems and space tourism appears to fall into a category envisioning optimistically all natural resource problems to have a human-based solution. The oil consumption and intensity of tourist transport are, however, set to increase due to space tourism. This kind of development is at variance with the current sustainable trends and actions practised in the tourism industry. The article discusses the need for sustainability awareness for development in the space tourism sector by pointing out some necessary elements needed for future planning processes.</p> Annette Toivonen ##submission.copyrightStatement## ma, 18 joulu 2017 00:00:00 +0200 Tvärsektorsamarbete för att sprida kunskap om ansvarsfullt resebeteende <p>This study examines cross-sectoral cooperation within the field of tourism in order to disseminate knowledge on responsible tourist behavior. A Finnish cross-sectoral campaign “Liian pahaa ollakseen totta” (”Too bad to be true”), which aims to create awareness of child sex tourism, is used as an example case. The aim of this study is to find out how the partners of the case campaign, representing different sectors, experienced the partnership and whether a similar cooperation model could be useful in order to create awareness of different responsibility issues in tourism. A qualitative content analysis of secondary data and semi-structured interviews was conducted. According to the results, the cross-sectoral cooperation model used in the campaign was applicable, despite some challenges. It was requested that more continuous and comprehensive cooperation is needed in order to create awareness of responsible tourist behaviour. This study focused on cross-sectoral cooperation only in the context of disseminating knowledge, but according to the results, cross-sectoral cooperation could be used to promote responsible tourism on a wider scale.</p> Mia Halmén ##submission.copyrightStatement## ma, 18 joulu 2017 00:00:00 +0200 Kirjallisuuskatsaus: Matkailun jakamistalous vastuullisuuden viitekehyksessä <p>The growth of tourism-related activities in sharing economy, especially accommodation and mobility, started at the turn of the 2010s. Since then the growth has accelerated and strengthened every year. Expansion of the phenomenon has raised sharing economy from the role of a challenger or alternative activity into mainstream. This movement has to be taken into account in the traditional tourism business and development actions. The multidimensional phenomenon has also attracted researchers’ attention in recent years. Research is done in different disciplines and studies that are published in a wide range of scientific publications. In this review, the results of a comprehensive literature review are presented. Responsibility and values play an important role in scientific discussion regarding sharing economy in tourism. Also, in order to manage and develop the tourism sharing economy in a mutually beneficial direction, it is important to be aware of and take into account the aspects of responsibility. The results of the review are analyzed and classified in the framework of five-dimensional responsibility.</p> Jouko Nuottila, Salla Jutila, Maria Hakkarainen ##submission.copyrightStatement## ma, 18 joulu 2017 00:00:00 +0200 Hiljaisesta suoekosysteemistä elinvoimaa matkailuun Joonas Katajisto ##submission.copyrightStatement## ma, 18 joulu 2017 00:00:00 +0200 Kansainvälisen matkailun kasvu vaikuttaa alan osaamistarpeisiin Sanna-Mari Renfors ##submission.copyrightStatement## ma, 18 joulu 2017 00:00:00 +0200 Matkailun tietoaineistot yritysten voimavarana Juha Riikonen ##submission.copyrightStatement## ma, 18 joulu 2017 00:00:00 +0200 Viestinnällä esteettömään vieraanvaraisuuteen – Lapin matkailun alueorganisaatioiden verkkosivujen nykytila Sanna Kyyrä, Krista Skantz ##submission.copyrightStatement## ma, 18 joulu 2017 00:00:00 +0200 Oulun yliopisto maailman parhaiden matkailututkimusta tekevien yliopistojen joukossa Juulia Räikkönen, Jarkko Saarinen ##submission.copyrightStatement## ma, 18 joulu 2017 00:00:00 +0200 Peace and quiet beyond the border: The trans-border mobility of Russian second home owners in Finland <p>Russian second home purchases in Finland have grown rapidly since 2000, and have been the source of a contested social debate. This study represents the first investigation of Russian second home ownership in Finland. The aim is to investigate how Russian trans-border second home mobility is produced (its elements and trajectories), challenged, and what are its socio-economic and spatial outcomes at the local and regional levels. The phenomenon is approached theoretically applying the concepts of constellations of mobility and mobility regime. While these theoretical approaches have been used to address leisure mobilities that originate in the West, Russian second home ownership in Finland represents a different mobility pattern, from East to West. The findings emphasise the increasing role of the border in the production and practice, as well as in the outcomes of such mobility. This study shows that the perceived outcome of Russian ownership presented through the social debate has been detached from the actual phenomenon. The empirical part of the dissertation – four research papers – uncovers the driving factors in Russian second home mobility, its challenges, and its socio-economic and spatial outcome, which collectively help address the social debate and inform policy makers. Simultaneously, the empirical study re-interprets Western mobility approaches in relation to Russian trans-border mobility and reveals peculiarities of the East-to-West mobility trajectory.</p> Olga Hannonen ##submission.copyrightStatement## ma, 18 joulu 2017 00:00:00 +0200 How to maintain naturalness in nature-based tourism resorts? <p>It is a challenge to initiate resorts’ growth in nature-based tourism when undeveloped nature is the key attraction. The thesis focuses on the resorts’ naturalness that is essential, especially when the resorts target summer tourists. The issue is approached through four methods of landscape research. Two of the methods generate user perception-based knowledge and the rest some ecological knowledge to be combined for deeper understanding of the effects of land use on the quality of landscapes. Geo-referred ecological data, tourists’ preferences and mental maps were collected in Levi and Ylläs tourism resorts. The thesis shows that nearby nature matters to tourists in the resorts where land use has been reasonably sustainable so far. This demonstrates that infill development, i.e. land-use eco-efficiency, is a complex issue. The analysis suggests a re-evaluation of land-use strategies to promote tourists’ nature experiences.</p> Marja Uusitalo ##submission.copyrightStatement## ma, 18 joulu 2017 00:00:00 +0200