Memoranda Societatis pro Fauna et Flora Fennica Societas pro Fauna et Flora Fennica sv-FI Memoranda Societatis pro Fauna et Flora Fennica 0373-6873 New national and regional biological records for Finland 11. Contributions to Bryophyta and Marchantiophyta 10 <p>Ten species of mosses (Bryophyta: <em>Entosthodon obtusus</em>, <em>Entosthodon ulvinenii</em>, <em>Eurhynchiastrum diversifolium</em>, <em>Hedwigia emodica, Hedwigia mollis</em>, <em>Hygrohypnum styriacum</em>, <em>Plagiothecium rossicum</em>, <em>Polytrichum perigoniale</em>, <em>Tortella alpicola</em> and<em> Ulota intermedia</em>) are presented as new for Finland. <em>Cephalozia lacinulata</em>, previously considered to be regionally extinct from Finland, is reported to being found again. New records in biogeographical provinces for 67 species of mosses and 34 species of liverworts are listed. Finally, 6 occurrences in provinces are removed due to misidentifications or missing specimens.</p> Kati Pihlaja Sanna Huttunen Annika Metso Timo Kypärä Kimmo Syrjänen Riikka Juutinen Inka Kuusisto Ari Parnela Harri Arkkio Tuomo Kuitunen Risto Virtanen Teppo Häyhä Teemu Tahvanainen Timo Koponen Margarita A. Boychuk Ari-Pekka Huhta Sanna Laaka-Lindberg Outi Vainio Jyrki Torniainen Annikki Kestilä Johannes Enroth Ville Vesakoski Tiina H. M. Kolari Viivi Lindholm Ella Romppanen Sari Metsänoja Esa Ervasti Turkka Korvenpää Liisa Maanpää Lorenzo Veglio Pirita Oksanen Xiaolan He Tauno Ulvinen Copyright (c) 2023 Memoranda Societatis pro Fauna et Flora Fennica 2023-06-19 2023-06-19 99 1 17 Onset of growth of bulbils in the field garlic (Allium oleraceum L.) <p>The field garlic, <em>Allium oleraceum</em> L. (Amaryllidaceae), is a bulbous geophyte with a widespread distribution in Europe. The species mainly reproduces vegetatively by the formation of bulbils. Two cytotypes (tetraploids and pentaploids) with differing distributional patterns occur in Finland. A clear morphological difference between the two cytotypes can be seen in Finland, but in Central European populations no such difference has been reported. This study examined the onset of growth in bulbils and possible differences between the cytotypes. Bulbils for the experiment were collected from a mixed population with both tetra- and pentaploid plants and from a tetraploid population that has been observed to differ morphologically from other tetraploid Finnish populations. The results show that there is a difference between the timing of the onset of growth between the examined populations. The exhibited differences between the populations may indicate that the cytotypes are adapted to different winter climates. The atypical tetraploid population clearly differed from the mixed population and may thus be of a different origin than other Finnish populations. The atypical population could have been introduced with ballast. Further studies of plants of Nordic and Central European origin are needed to draw conclusions about the Nordic cytotypes.</p> Robin Sjöblom Helena Åström Timo Saarinen Carl-Adam Hæggström Copyright (c) 2023 Memoranda Societatis pro Fauna et Flora Fennica 2023-12-31 2023-12-31 99 18 27 Fredrik Emil Wolmar Elfving, Professor of Botany <p>Elfving was professor of botany during 1892–1918 at the Imperial Alexander University of Finland and during 1919–1926 at the University of Helsinki. He was a member of <em>Societas pro Fauna et Flora Fennica</em> for decades and served in several important positions in the <em>Society</em>: as secretary in 1876–1878, as botanical curator in 1880–1892, as printing committee member in 1875–1878, 1880–1892, and 1892–94, as board member in 1894–1942, and as vice president in 1892–1911. Elfving wrote the <em>Society</em>’s centennial history in 1921 and the history of <em>the Finnish Society of Sciences and Letters</em> in 1938.<br>Elfving reformed the entire teaching of botany in Finland. During his inauguration year as professor, he published an extensive overview of the level of both students and teachers in botany. This became his agenda. Apart for plantgeography and taxonomy, Finnish botany used to be mainly applied. Only very few could devote themselves to basic research. He began lecturing in plant physiology, morphology, anatomy, vascular plant and cryptogam systematics, plant geography, and the history of botany.<br>Elfving conducted his most important plant physiological studies in Germany in the 1870s and 1880s, while acting as a guest researcher at the laboratories of the most prominent researchers in the field at the time. Elfving primarily published these results in <em>The Finnish Society of Sciences and Letters</em> series. The Imperial Alexander University laboratories at the time were not suitable for the purpose. Construction work on the new Botanical Institute began in 1901, and the main building was completed in 1903. It was only thanks to Elfving’s determined efforts that it was established.<br>Elfving had adopted Nylander’s antischwenderian ideas, and most of Elfving’s own laboratory studies tended to prove that lichens were not symbiotic. He also sought to prove that abiogenesis was possible.<br>In addition to earlier plant physiology experiments, Elfving conducted very significant studies on Finnish crops and the history of botany. These writings are significant source works.<br>As a person, Elfving was highly ambivalent. He was a very demanding teacher, but he also demanded a great deal of himself. His purpose was to awake national awareness of the high quality of our science, as the Russians had begun repressive measures in Finland. His career coincided with the period that is called The Golden Age of Finnish Art and Sciences, an era that ran from approximately 1880 to 1910. Elfving was well connected with the country’s cultural circles. On the other hand, he was very fond of the Swedish language and preferred Swedish-speaking students in teaching. This, in turn, caused bitter disputes between the Finnish- and Swedish-speaking university students and teachers. Still, as a whole, Elfving’s scientific efforts brought the country’s botanical sciences to par with the international scientific community.</p> Henry Väre Copyright (c) 2023 Memoranda Societatis pro Fauna et Flora Fennica 2024-01-05 2024-01-05 99 Accessions to the Botanical Museum of the Finnish Museum of Natural History, University of Helsinki, in 2022 <p>The herbarium accessions amount to 13,116 specimens, including 3,822 phanerogams and pteridophytes, 2,169 specimens of bryophytes, 13 of algae, 3,720 specimens of fungi and 3,392 specimens of lichens. Some details of noteworthy accessions are given here.</p> Mikko Piirainen Sanna Laaka-Lindberg Sanna Laine Pertti Salo Saara Velmala Copyright (c) 2023 Memoranda Societatis pro Fauna et Flora Fennica 2023-12-31 2023-12-31 99 Societas pro Fauna et Flora Fennica 13.5.2022 – 11.5.2023 <p>Hallituksen toimintakertomus, jonka Seuran puheenjohtaja dos. Mikael von Numers esitti vuosikokouksessa 11. päivänä toukokuuta 2023.</p> -- -- Copyright (c) 2023 Memoranda Societatis pro Fauna et Flora Fennica 2023-12-31 2023-12-31 99 Nåtö biologiska station. Verksamhetsberättelse för år 2022 <p>Verksamheten på Nåtö biologiska station inleddes den 15 april och säsongen avslutades den 17 september. Trots Covid-19-pandemin blev verksamheten livligare under 2022, men inte så livlig som före pandemin.</p> -- -- Copyright (c) 2023 Memoranda Societatis pro Fauna et Flora Fennica 2023-12-31 2023-12-31 99