Nordisk Judaistik/Scandinavian Jewish Studies 2019-06-15T13:09:08+03:00 Ruth Illman Open Journal Systems <p><em>Nordisk judaistik/Scandinavian Jewish Studies</em> aims at promoting Jewish studies in Scandinavia by publishing scholarly articles, surveys and documents, by reviewing recent literature, and compiling bibliographies.</p> Boundaries of Jewish Identities in Contemporary Finland 2019-06-15T13:09:08+03:00 Mercédesz Viktória Czimbalmos Dóra Pataricza <p>Editorial for issue 30(1) of Nordisk judaistik – Scandinavian Jewish Studies, 'Boundaries of Jewish Identities in Contemporary Finland'.<br><br><br></p> 2019-05-26T11:45:20+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## ‘The Golden Chain of Pious Rabbis’: the origin and development of Finnish Jewish Orthodoxy 2019-06-15T13:09:03+03:00 Simo Muir Riikka Tuori <p class="p1">This article provides the first historiographical analysis of the origins of Jewish Orthodoxy in Helsinki and describes the development of the rabbinate from the establishment of the congregation in the late 1850s up to the early 1980s. The origins of the Finnish Jewish community lies in the nineteenth-century Russian army. The majority of Jewish soldiers in Helsinki originated from the realm of Lithuanian Jewish (Litvak) culture, that is, mainly non-Hasidic Jewish Orthodoxy that emerged in the late eighteenth century. Initially, the Finnish Jewish religious establishment continued this Orthodox-Litvak tradition. After the independence of Finland, the Helsinki congregation hired academic, Modern Orthodox rabbis educated in Western Europe. Following the devastation of the Shoah and the Second World War, the recruitment of rabbis faced new challenges. Overall, the rabbi recruitments were in congruence with the social and cultural development of the Helsinki community, yet respected its Orthodox roots.</p> 2019-05-26T11:59:03+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Laws, doctrines and practice: a study of intermarriages and the ways they challenged the Jewish Community of Helsinki from 1930 to 1970 2019-06-15T13:08:58+03:00 Mercédesz Viktória Czimbalmos <p class="p1">The identities, customs and habits of religious congregations are tightly connected to the history of these congregations and to the specific religious tradition or denomination they consider themselves to be a part of. They are also shaped by the legislative and bureaucratic regulations and processes of the secular society that is surrounding them. The aim of this study is to further our knowledge of some of these aspects of Jewish life as they relate to the Jewish Community of Helsinki in the period 1930–70 by showcasing two examples that emerged as a result of the rising number of intermarriages in the congregation.</p> 2019-05-26T12:05:53+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Intersections of gender and minority status: perspectives from Finnish Jewish women 2019-06-15T13:08:53+03:00 Elina Vuola <p class="p1">In this article, I examine how contemporary Finnish Jewish women understand their roles and identities as women in a small Orthodox Jewish community, on the one hand, and as members of a tiny minority in largely secular and predominantly Lutheran/Christian Finland, on the other. How do Finnish Jewish women negotiate their identities in relation to their community, strongly organised along gender lines, and in relation to Finnish society and especially its equality ideals and norms? I divide my article into four sections. First, I give a short overview of the theory of intersectionality, concentrating on its possibilities and limitations for the study of religion and gender in general, and for the study of Judaism, specifically. Second, I focus on my informants’ views of the gendered practices of their Orthodox Jewish community, which, by many standards, is a very specific form of Orthodoxy, which could be called ‘Finnish Orthodoxy’. Third, I analyse my informants’ views on how they perceive being Jewish women in contemporary Finland.&nbsp;The intersection of the last two broad themes will highlight the realities of Finnish Jewish women in contemporary Finland. Fourth, I discuss possibilities and limitations of intersectional theorising in the light of my data.</p> 2019-05-26T12:18:23+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Challahpulla: where two wor(l)ds meet 2019-06-15T13:08:48+03:00 Dóra Pataricza <p class="p1">The relationship between food and religion is a lived activity formed by the dynamics of both tradition and adaption. Religious commitments to food are influenced by various factors, ranging from personal spirituality and experiences to social patterns of belonging, ethical, polit­ical and doctrinal convictions. <em>Challah</em>, <em>gefilte</em> <em>fish</em>, <em>blintzes</em>&nbsp;– these are just a few of the traditional Finnish Jewish meals that are still prepared by members of the community. The originally Eastern European dishes are one of the last living links that connect assimilated Finnish Jews with their Orthodox Jewish ancestors mainly from Russia, Poland, Belarus, and Lithuania. The current paper aims to present the conceptions and reflections relating to boundaries of identity connected with the multi-ethnic culinary traditions of Jews living in Finland as well as their ways of coping with the requirements of <em>kashrut</em> (meaning fit, proper, correct; a set of dietary laws prescribed for Jews). The article is based on ethnographic data from interviews (2015–16) as well as personal encounters, informal conversations and home visits.</p> 2019-05-26T12:26:57+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Researching vernacular Judaism: reflections on theory and method 2019-06-15T13:08:43+03:00 Ruth Illman <p class="p1">This article presents the ethnographically driven multi-method research perspective of vernacular religion and analyses its potential to contribute to the theoretical advancement of Jewish studies. The ongoing discussion on religion and change within the study of religions in gen­eral and Jewish studies in particular is outlined and structured around three ‘turns’ identified in the re­search on vernacular religiosity. To exemplify these theoretical and methodological considerations, a recently initiated research project focusing on vernacular Judaism in Finland is presented. This project seeks to examine central ideas of boundaries as they are negotiated and interpreted among Finnish Jewry, to compare the emerging patterns with Nordic counterparts and thus contribute to a more nuanced perception of Jewish identities in these contexts. The article concludes with a discussion on the advances of such an approach, pointing to the relative novelty of research into vernacular religion within Jewish studies and the exceptionality of the Finnish Jewish context.</p> 2019-05-26T12:31:49+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Ny rapport om finländska SS-frivilliga och övergreppen mot judar 1941–1943. A new report on Finnish SS-volunteers and atrocities against Jews 1941–3 2019-06-15T13:08:38+03:00 Mats Deland <p><span lang="en-US">Review (in Swedish and in English) of&nbsp;</span><span lang="en-US">Lars Westerlund's&nbsp;</span><span lang="en-US"><em>The Finnish SS-Volunteers and Atrocities against Jews, Civilians and Prisoners of War in Ukraine and the Caucasus Region 1941–1943: An Archival Study</em></span><span lang="en-US">&nbsp;(Helsinki, National Archives of Finland, 2019).</span></p> 2019-05-26T12:38:23+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Ett viktigt kapitel av de finländska judarnas historia dokumenterat 2019-06-15T13:08:33+03:00 Pekka Lindqvist <p>Recension av&nbsp;<span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="fi-FI"><em>Kyläkoulu keskellä kaupunkia. Helsingin juutalainen yhteiskoulu 100 vuotta</em>&nbsp;[Byskolan mitt </span></span></span><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="fi-FI">i</span></span></span><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="fi-FI">stan. Helsingfors Judiska Samskola 100 år], red.&nbsp;</span></span></span><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;">Dan Kantor (ansvarig redaktör), Laura Ekholm, Simo Muir, Riitta Nurmi coh Daniel Weintraub (Helsinki, Helsingin Juutalainen Yhteiskoulu, 2018).</span></span></p> 2019-05-26T12:44:46+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Ny udgave af en velskreven grammatiksucces 2019-06-15T13:08:29+03:00 Flemming André Philip Ravn <p>Review of Bill T. Arnold and John H. Choi's <em>A Guide to Biblical Hebrew Syntax</em>, 2nd edn (Cambridge University Press, 2018).</p> 2019-05-27T07:39:27+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Intellektuelt fyrtårn gået bort: Amos Oz (1939–2018) 2019-06-15T13:08:23+03:00 Flemming André Philip Ravn <p>Amos Oz (1939–2018) in memoriam.</p> 2019-05-27T07:45:54+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##