Nordisk judaistik/Scandinavian Jewish Studies Nordisk judaistik/Scandinavian Jewish Studies aims at promoting Jewish studies in Scandinavia by publishing scholarly articles, surveys and documents, by reviewing recent literature, and compiling bibliographies. en-US (Ruth Illman) Mon, 14 Dec 2020 08:28:52 +0200 OJS 60 Editorial Editorial for Vol. 31/2 of Nordisk judaistik/Scandinavian Jewish Studies  Ruth Illman, Svante Lundgren Copyright (c) 2020 Ruth Illman, Svante Lundgren Sat, 12 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0200 Didaktiska reflektioner om judendom, stereotyper och tankefigurer This article addresses the issue of teaching Judaism for students in the teacher-training programme and those training to become clergy in a Swedish milieu. A major challenge in the secular post-Protestant setting is to pinpoint and challenge the negative presuppositions of Judaism as a religion of legalism, whereas the student’s own assumption is that she or he is neutral. Even if the older paradigms of anti-Jewish stereotypes are somewhat distant, there are further patterns of thought which depict Judaism as a ‘strange’ and ‘legalistic’ religion. Students in the teacher-training programme for teaching religion in schools can in class react negatively to concepts like kosher slaughter, circumcision and the Shabbat lift. Even if the explanatory motives vary, there is nonetheless a tendency common to ordination students, relating to a Protestant notion of the Jewish Torah, commonly rendered as ‘Law’ or ‘legalism’. This notion of ‘the Law’ as a means of self-redemption can, it is argued in the article, be discerned specially among clergy students reading Pauline texts and theology. This analysis shows that both teacher-training and textbooks need to be updated in accordance with modern research in order to refute older anti-Jewish patterns of thought. As for the challenge posed by the simplistic labelling of both Judaism and Islam as religions of law, the implementation of the teaching guidelines concerning everyday ‘lived religion’ enables and allows the teacher to better disclose Judaism, Christianity and Islam as piously organised living faiths rather than as being ruled by legalistic principles. Håkan Bengtsson Copyright (c) 2020 Håkan Bengtsson Sat, 12 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0200 Yidishe tates forming Jewish families Jewish communities often do not endorse the idea of intermarriage, and Orthodox Judaism opposes the idea of marrying out. Intermarriage is often perceived as a threat that may jeopardise Jewish continuity as children of such a relationship may not identify as Jews. When a Jewish woman marries out, her children will in any case become Jewish by halakhah – the Jewish law – by which Judaism is inherited from mother to child – and thus usually faces less difficulties over acceptance in Jewish communities. Even though the Torah speaks of   patrilineal descent, in post-biblical times, the policy was reversed in favour of the matrilineal principle, and children of Jewish men and non-Jewish women must therefore go through the conversion process if they wish to join a Jewish congregation according to most Jewish denominational requirements. The aim of this article is to analyse what happens when Jewish men, who belong to Finland’s Orthodox communities, marry out. Do they ensure Jewish continuity, and raise their children Jewish, and how do they act as Yidishe tates – Jewish fathers? If yes, how do they do so, and what problems do they face? These questions are answered through an analysis of thirteen semi-structured in-depth interviews conducted with male members of the Jewish Community of Helsinki and Turku in 2019–20. Mercédesz Czimbalmos Copyright (c) 2020 Mercédesz Czimbalmos Sat, 12 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0200 Scandinavia and Israel after the Holocaust This article has two distinct yet interrelated aims. Firstly, through an exploration of three examples from Sweden, Norway and Denmark, it seeks to illustrate that an integrated examination of the events of both the Second World War and the Holocaust yields a more accurate, albeit complex, understanding of the period. Secondly, it endeavours to refute the widely accepted assumption that the close relations between Israel and the Scandinavian countries in the early years of Israel’s existence were a corollary of the exceptional manner in which these north European states behaved towards their Jewish communities during the war. A historical analysis in fact indicates the opposite, namely that the close ties existing between the countries during the 1950s led to the positive, even heroic, depiction of the Scandinavian nations’ conduct during the Second World War in Israeli Holocaust commemoration. Together, these twofold aims clearly reflect the implications of early Scandinavian–Israeli relations on the latter’s Holocaust memory, and vice versa. Orna Keren-Carmel Copyright (c) 2020 Orna Keren-Carmel Sat, 12 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0200 Svenska judars berättelser om flyktingar, överlevande och hjälpverksamheter under och efter Förintelsen Swedish Jews’ supposed inactivity over Europe’s persecuted Jews during the Holocaust has been a prevalent discourse during the post-war period. This article ponders the origins of that discourse and how it affects how and what Swedish Jews narrate about aid and relief work, and Jewish refugees and survivors, when recounting their memories from the 1930s and 1940s. This investigation also examines how previous research has addressed and represented the aid efforts of the Jewish minority in Sweden and discusses what new empirical knowledge about Swedish Jewish aid and relief work during the Holocaust we can ascertain by using oral history. Hence, it is also a contribution to the ongoing debate in the research field of ‘refugee studies’, initiated by the historians Philip Marfleet and Peter Gatrell, who emphasise both the importance of working with historical perspectives and asking questions about the sources at the disposal of historians and what sources they choose to work with when writing about aid, relief work and refugees.       Malin Thor Tureby Copyright (c) 2020 Malin Thor Tureby Sat, 12 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0200 Judiskt liv i Helsingfors En recension av Eva Odrischinskys självbiografiska bok Som alla andra. Min judiska familj och jag (Förlaget 2019). Svante Lundgren Copyright (c) 2020 Svante Lundgren Sat, 12 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0200 Minnen från ett finskjudiskt musikerliv i tradition och förändring – Recension av Sirkka Klemettiläs Pianomies Hillel Tokazier [Pianomannen Hillel Tokazier] (Päivä Osakeyhtiö 2019). Ruth Illman Copyright (c) 2020 Ruth Illman Sat, 12 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0200 Nordic Jews in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries Conference report on the online workshop ‘Nordic Jews in the 20th and 21st centuries: Multiple Identifications in Everyday Life’, organized by Professor Lena Roos, 15–16 October 2020. Dóra Pataricza Copyright (c) 2020 Dóra Pataricza Sat, 12 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0200 ”Den som pekar på andras brister visar därigenom sina egna” Genmäle i den pågående diskussionen mellan Malin Thor Tureby och Pontus Rudberg om svenk-judisk historieforskning (se Vol 31 No 1). Malin Thor Tureby Copyright (c) 2020 Malin Thor Tureby Sat, 12 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0200