Temenos - Nordic Journal for the Study of Religion https://journal.fi/temenos <p><em>Temenos - Nordic Journal for the Study of Religion</em> (previously Temenos - Nordic Journal of Comparative Religion) is published by <a href="http://uskontotiede.fi/en/">the Finnish Society for the Study of Religion</a>. The journal was founded in 1965 as a joint publication with the learned societies of Comparative Religion in Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden to promote the research and communication of ideas between scholars. Temenos publishes scholarly articles, academic discussions, conference reports, book reviews and thematic issues within the field of the study of religion and culture.<br /><br />Temenos is peer reviewed open access journal. In the Finnish Publication rating system it has been rated on top level (3). We are currently in the process of digitizing back issues, and past articles will be published in the archives section of this website as the project progresses. 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This agreement will be governed by the laws of Finland.</li> </ul> sofia.sjo@abo.fi (Sofia Sjö) lekautto@ulapland.fi (Editorial Secretary, MA Leila Kautto, University of Lapland) Tue, 19 Dec 2023 09:47:04 +0200 OJS 3.2.1.4 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Ülo Valk and Marion Bowman (eds): Vernacular Knowledge: Contesting Authority, Expressing Beliefs https://journal.fi/temenos/article/view/141606 <p>Book review of Ülo Valk and Marion Bowman (eds): Vernacular Knowledge: Contesting Authority, Expressing Beliefs. Sheffield: Equinox Publishing, 2022, 423 pp. </p> Karolina Kouvola Copyright (c) 2023 Karolina Kouvola https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://journal.fi/temenos/article/view/141606 Tue, 19 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0200 Mathew Guest: Neoliberal Religion: Faith and Power in the Twenty-first Century https://journal.fi/temenos/article/view/141614 <p>Book review of Mathew Guest: Neoliberal Religion: Faith and Power in the Twenty-first Century. London: Bloomsbury, 2022, 203 pp. </p> Tuomas Martikainen Copyright (c) 2023 Tuomas Martikainen https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://journal.fi/temenos/article/view/141614 Tue, 19 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0200 Mitra Härkönen: Power and Agency in the Lives of Contemporary Tibetan Nuns: An Intersectional Study https://journal.fi/temenos/article/view/141613 <p>Book review of Mitra Härkönen: Power and Agency in the Lives of Contemporary Tibetan Nuns: An Intersectional Study. Sheffield: Equinox Publishing, 2023, 252 pp.</p> Maria Sharapan Copyright (c) 2023 Maria Sharapan https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://journal.fi/temenos/article/view/141613 Tue, 19 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0200 Frederik Wallenstein: Muntlighet och minne. Sagatraditionen, kulturhistorien och det kulturella minnets blinda fläck https://journal.fi/temenos/article/view/141846 <p>Book review of Frederik Wallenstein: Muntlighet och minne. Sagatraditionen, kulturhistorien och det kulturella minnets blinda fläck. Stockholm: Stockholms universitet, 2023, 367 pp.</p> Daniel Sävborg Copyright (c) 2023 Daniel Sävborg https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://journal.fi/temenos/article/view/141846 Tue, 19 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0200 Editorial note https://journal.fi/temenos/article/view/141547 Minna Opas, Sofia Sjö Copyright (c) 2023 Minna Opas, Sofia Sjö https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://journal.fi/temenos/article/view/141547 Tue, 19 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0200 How the Nineteenth-century Evangelical Revival Strengthened Faith and Undermined Christendom https://journal.fi/temenos/article/view/112471 <p>This article deals with the paradoxical relationship between the nineteenth-century Evangelical Revival and secularization. It is argued here that the revival and its worldview played a role in increasing pluralism and choice in the nineteenth century – a process often related to secularization. The Evangelical movement both attempted to oppose modernity and rationalism and emphasized religious freedom, voluntarism, and individualism. It therefore induced and popularized self-reflection, doubt, and deconversion. It also favoured religious democracy in opposition to a state-imposed religious monopoly (at least in northern Europe). Furthermore, by dividing people into believers and nonbelievers, it emphasized religious polarization. This contributed to an undermining of established religious structures, fragmenting and pluralizing the religious landscape and giving people the option to abstain completely from religious commitment. The Swedish confessional (inner mission) revivalist denomination Evangeliska Fosterlands-Stiftelsen (EFS – approx. the Swedish Evangelical Mission Society), founded in 1856, is used as a case. The popular literature they published and distributed manifested an evangelical worldview. In this article four themes, based on the popular literature, are used to study empirically the changing role of religion in relation to nineteenth-century revivalism: ‘the dualistic worldview’; ‘conversion’; ‘activism’; and ‘self-reflection’.</p> Stefan Gelfgren Copyright (c) 2023 Stefan Gelfgren https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://journal.fi/temenos/article/view/112471 Tue, 19 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0200 Relating to Tradition https://journal.fi/temenos/article/view/127953 <p>By analysing a survey and elicited thematic writings, this article seeks to identify the main elements in the civil religion (CR) of Finnish Independence Day (FID) celebrations, how FID is related to CR, and the role the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland (ELCF) plays in FID. It further demonstrates the utility of an open definition of CR in which its relationship with church religion is understood as an open question and tests the various dimensions of CR presented in previous discussions. The CR of FID celebrations centres on its <em>traditional mode</em> in the memory of war and employs other national symbols. The <em>negotiating mode</em> is favoured by younger generations and distances itself from the rituals of the traditional mode, while the <em>critical mode</em> uses the rejection of FID celebrations as a platform for a general social critique. Membership of the ELCF, Finnish as a mother tongue, higher education levels, and an identification with higher social classes are the most important predictors for celebrating FID. In the writings the ELCF’s role is associated with the traditional mode in blending with the backdrop of other national symbols, especially those related to the war.</p> Jere Kyyrö Copyright (c) 2023 Jere Kyyrö https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://journal.fi/temenos/article/view/127953 Tue, 19 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0200 ‘The Wisest Man in the East’ https://journal.fi/temenos/article/view/122051 <p>This article presents an ethnographic analysis of the performance of gospel rap music as part of Evangelical Christian youthwork in Finland. The article is based on my observations of six onsite and five online events that featured gospel rap music in their line-up, as well as interviews with nine musicians and three event organizers. I address the relationship between the aesthetics of gospel rap music and the emotional regimes of Finnish Evangelical Christianity. I define ‘emotional regimes’ here as cultural, social, and material practices that set normative rules for the expression of collective emotions. I conclude that light-hearted humour and irony are prevalent emotional moods in these Christian rap performances in Finland. The article shows how the emotional sequencing around gospel rap music at these Christian events conforms with the general individualistic and therapeutic emotional cultures of late modern societies. Yet I show how some gospel rappers are also self-critical of this individualism and the spectacular nature of these music events and use self-irony and parody as social commentary tools in their performances. Irony in gospel rap performances also opens opportunities for theological innovations and a reflection of social differences.</p> Tuomas Järvenpää Copyright (c) 2023 Tuomas Järvenpää https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://journal.fi/temenos/article/view/122051 Tue, 19 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0200 Åke Hultkrantz on Method https://journal.fi/temenos/article/view/132035 <p>In this text I focus on what I see as a shift that took place in Study of Religions in Sweden in the early 1970s. There are, of course, many ways to illustrate this change, but in this short article I will place the focus on the Swedish scholar Åke Hultkrantz (1920–2006) and on how his interest in methodological questions illustrates this turn.</p> Göran Larsson Copyright (c) 2023 Göran Larsson https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://journal.fi/temenos/article/view/132035 Tue, 19 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0200