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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor has it been submitted to another publisher for consideration.
  • The text adheres to the Author Guidelines as stated on this website.
  • The Author has read the Copyright Notice as displayed on the journal website and agrees to the conditions.
  • The Author has cleared the copyright for any images, illustrations, graphs or tables included the submission.
  • The text does not exceed the standard word limit of 8000 words (including references).
  • The submission file format is either .doc, .docx, or .rtf.
  • An abstract of 150-200 words has been added to the metadata.
  • A short Author Presentation (150 -200 words) has been added as a separate file.
  • All authors are strongly recommended to use their Open Researcher and Contributor Identifier (ORCID) or register an account.
  • All URLs (web addresses) are checked and marked with a date of last access.
  • Where available, DOI-signifiers have been provided for works cited.
  • All author identification information has been removed from the submission file(s), and from the document’s properties. No versions of the paper are available online. (Any risk of breach of the blind review should be avoided.)
  • The author remains responsible for proofreading incl. citation accuracy and for all statements of fact or opinion.
  • The research meets guidelines on publication ethics and malpractice in the research field.

Author Guidelines

Information concerning the journal Approaching Religion, published by the Donner Institute for Research in Religious and Cultural History.

The journal appears twice yearly in the spring and in the autumn.

Articles should not exceed 8,000 words (including references) and should be accompanied by a short author's presentation. Book reviews should not exceed 1,500 words. A book review should be accompanied by a picture of the book cover. For the file requirements, see below. Contributions to the discussion section should also be restricted to 1,500 words.

Articles should be written in English and should be ready for printing. After an article has been accepted for publication by the journal and the editorial process has been initiated, new revised copies of the manuscripts are accepted only after consulting the editor.

It is the author's responsibility to obtain written permission to reprint any material that is under copyright and to supply such permissions when submitting the article. The manuscript is to be submitted electronically via this website. The publisher keeps regular electronic records of the key review information and documents related to the manuscripts accepted for the review process.

Author presentation

Each author is asked to write a short presentation of her/himself. The presentation should include title/degree, fields of interest and study, main publications, and email address. 


Please avoid all extra formatting, the use of styles, tabulation etc.

In order to point out the hierarchy of headings in the text (excluding title and subtitle), please use boldface, italics and underlining. Boldface and underlining are not to be used elsewhere in the text unless they have been used, for example, in the original text of a quotation. Italics can be used, although sparingly, when a certain word, term or sentence is emphasized.

Throughout the text, titles of books, journals/periodicals, or individual works are italicized whereas titles of articles are put in single quotation marks.

Single quotation marks (‘ ’) should be used for quotations or original texts. If the quotation exceeds three sentences the quotation should be indented as a separate paragraph. Single quotation marks should also be used for translations of original texts, and to set off certain words or terms. Omissions in quotations are indicated by three dots separated from the preceding and following word by a single space.

On request, grant ID (compatible with e.g. Academy of Finland’s requirements) may be included in the article and its metadata.

Research data management

Authors are encouraged to follow the FAIR principles (findable, accessible, interoperable, reusable) in their data management. When the nature of the data and the research process allow, it is recommended to open the data. At least the metadata should be open. The possibilities for data management and digital storage are dependent on ethical and juridical issues related to the nature of the data (especially sensitive data).

If you choose to implement the FAIR principles in your work, please consult the national and institutional guidelines relevant for your work. For example, for research conducted in Finland, the Finnish Social Science Data Archive (FSD) is recommended, or any other reliable national or international repository for data archiving which meet the criteria of permanent storage. 

Notes and references

The reference system used in Approaching Religion is twofold. Citations should be placed within the body of text.

Footnotes can be used when there is a need for a secondary discussion. Please use the insert footnote -command when preparing the file. Bibliographic information is to be added in the list of references, not in the text or in footnotes, unless it serves a particular purpose. References to web materials should be treated as printed references. In cases when the name of the author is unknown, the reference must be named. The address of the web page is never to be inserted in the text or in the footnotes, but always only in the list of references.

Examples for a bibliographic reference:

The question of authenticity and authority over the use of religious symbols and expressions are contested by a set of authorities – religious and media-based (Hoover 2008: 33–4).

According to Anthony Giddens (2006: 163–7, 534) the agencies of socialization push the individuation process towards self-awareness.

If two or more references are cited, they are separated by semi-colon (e.g., Hoover 2008: 33–4; Giddens 2006: 532).

Example for a quotation:

‘Computer-mediated communication is not just a way of exchanging messages but is also a powerful way to create narratives’ (Ornella 2013: 157).

Example for a data reference:

Within text, electronic data sources are referenced with the author's last name. If there is no author named, dataset title is used. Data collection year is included in the reference.

The respondents' religiosity was investigated with questions about religious affiliation, religious identity (e.g. whether they identified themselves as spiritual persons and/or conservative in their religion) and how they believed in God (Pohjola 2019).

List of references

The alphabetical list of works and other (e.g. archive, web) material is to be placed in the end of the article.

Examples for articles:

Barzilai-Nahon, Keren, and Gadi Barzilai. 2005. ’Cultured technology: the internet and religious fundamentalism’, The Information Society, 21(1): 25–40.

Cohen, Yoel. 2001. ‘Mass media in the Jewish tradition’ in Religion and Popular Culture, eds. Daniel Stout and Judith Buddenbaum (Ames: Iowa State University Press), 95–108.

Hänska-Ahy, Maximilian T., and Roxanna Shapour. 2013. ’Who’s reporting the protests?’, Journalism Studies, 14(1): 29–45, doi: <>.

Honigmann, David. 1989. ‘Wars and rumours of wars’, review of The View from the Ground by Martha Gellhorn, Listener, 26.10.1989: 31.

Solayman, Hanan. 2010. ‘Cyber hajj season begins in second life’, EMAJ Magazine, 14.11.2010, <>.

Always give inclusive pages for articles, reviews, etc. that appear in journals or in edited volumes.

Examples for books and other works:

Bianchi, Robert. 2004. Guests of God: Pilgrimage and Politics in the Islamic World (Oxford University Press).

Brohm, John Frank. 1957. Burmese Religion and the Burmese Buddhist Revival, PhD dissertation, Cornell University.

Hakamies, Pekka, and Anneli Honko (eds.). 2013. Theoretical Milestones: Selected Writings of Lauri Honko, FF Communications, 304 (Helsinki: Academia Scientiarum Fennica).

When the place of publication is implicit in the publisher’s name, it may be omitted.

Transliterations from non-Latin script system into English should follow the transliteration systems of the British Library.

Examples for web sources:

D’Costa, Gavin. 2012. ‘Teaching or commanding: a response to Professor Nicholas Lash’, 14.11.2012, <> (accessed 21.11.2012).

Dottrina [pseudonym]. 2012. Comment, 8.11.2012, <> (accessed 23.11.2012).

Three Things About Islam [title of a video]. 2011. <> (accessed 1.12.2011).

References to web pages must always include the date of access. This does not pertain to articles published in journals that have a doi (Digital Object Identifier) number. 

NB. It is the responsibility of the author to list the Digital Object Identifier (doi) to all works to which it has been issued. It is advised by the OJS to give the doi in a full URL link, for example, <>, instead of the short address consisting only of numbers.

Digital data sources:

When writing publication references, it is important to give sufficient information about electronic data. The following elements should be included in the citation, as they are important in identifying the data: name of the original creator(s) of data, title of the dataset, year of data collection, version, archival number, URN identifier, and distributor.

Church Research Institute, and Kirsi Pohjola. 2019. Professional Identity and Religious Beliefs of Children's Instructor Students 2017 [dataset]. Version 1.0 (2019-07-31). Finnish Social Science Data Archive [distributor].

Archive sources:

Usually archives have their own system of referring to their materials. These systems may be used in the text as long as they are used consistently. Abbreviations used in the references are to be opened in the list of archive sources and the archive where the material is preserved must be mentioned. If the material is in the possession of the author, that is to be noted accordingly.

Photographs and other illustrations

Photographs accompanying articles that are accepted for publication must be at the resolution of 300 ppi or higher and should be in jpeg or tiff format. Line drawings and maps should be submitted at a resolution of 1200 ppi.

It is the author’s responsibility to obtain permission to reprint any material that is under copyright. Photographs are not to be inserted in the text file, but uploaded as supplementary files. No supplementary files need to be submitted until editors have indicated acceptance of the manuscript. The preferred place of the photograph in the text may be designated by the caption of the photograph, e.g., <Fig. 1 here>. The source of the illustration, name of the photographer, or other indication of the copyright must always be included in the caption of the illustration.

For more information on the style and guidelines of Approaching Religion, please contact the technical editor Maria Vasenkari (

Publication ethics and malpractice

The author is committed to following ethical guidelines in his or her research field, for general instructions see "Responsible conduct of research and procedures for handling allegations of misconduct in Finland" issued by Finnish Advisory Board on Research Integrity.

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