Usefulness as key parameter in assessing accessibility and usability in architecture. A theorem for explaining a twin concept in the building code
Keywords:accessibility, usability, architecture, building code
In national building codes, like the Danish and the Swedish ones, accessibility and usability are subjected to an open interpretation on a comprehensive level, supplemented by specified requirements on a detailed level. The aim of the present study is to position the twin concept with regard to its everyday understanding, and thereby suggest a definition. The study has been executed as a case study among a cohort of 370 experienced Danish professionals. The research material was assembled by use of mini-questionnaires. Conclusions derived from this material were synthesized with the respondents’ suggestions of exemplary models, which allegedly displayed an appropriate level of accessible and usable architecture and built environment. Based on the everyday understanding of the twin concept and paired with analyses of some exemplary models, this study suggests that accessibility and usability with respect to the user can be seen as constituents of buildings’ overall performative capacity. This capacity can be defined as usefulness, the potential sum of various adjustments of an accessible and usable nature. Ultimately, usefulness refers to the individual user’s level of independent usages of the particular architectural space.
Andersson, J. E. (2011). Architecture and Ageing. (Doctoral thesis), Royal Institute of Technology, KTH, Stockholm.
BR10 Bygningsreglementet 2010 (29.08.2011). Energistyrelsen, ENS. København.
Brummett, B. (2010). Techniques of close reading. Los Angeles: SAGE Publications.
Creswell, J., Plano Clark, V., Gutmann, L., & Hanson, W. (2003). Advances in mixed method design. In A. Tashakkori & C. Teddlie (Eds.), Handbook of Mixed Method Design in Social and Behavioral Research. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications Inc.
Ekwall, G. (2005). Om sambandet mellan äldre malmöbors nyttjande av hemtjänst och tillgänglighet i boendet. Malmö: Malmö Stad.
Frandsen, A. K., Kirkeby, I. M., Ryhl, C., & Schmidt Pedersen, L. (2012). Bygningsreglementes tilgaengelighedsbestemmelser set i forhold til byggeprocessen. Köbenhavn: Statens Byggeforskningsinstitut, SBi.
Iwarsson, S., & Ståhl, A. (2003). Accessibility, Usability and Universal Design - Positioning and Definition of Concepts Describing Person-Environment Relationsships. Disability and Rehabilitation, 25(2), 57-66.
Gunnarsson, B. (1998). Applied Discourse Analysis. In T. A. Van Dijk (Ed.), Discourse as social interaction. London Thousands Oaks New Dehli: SAGE Publications. (pp. 285¬312.).
Liang, X., Andersson, A. A., Scheufele, D. A., Brossard, D., & Xenos, M. A. (2012). Information snapshots: What Google searches really tell us about emerging technologies. Nano Today. An International Rapid Reviews Journal, 2012(7), (pp. 72¬75).
Odgers, J; Samuel, F. (2010): Designing in Quality. In A. Dutoir, J. Odgers, & A. Sharr (Eds.), Quality out of control. Standard for measuring architecture. Routledge London and New York.
Onwuegbuzie, A., & Johnson, R. (2008). The validity issue in mixed research. In P. C. VL &
J. Creswell (Eds.), The Mixed Methods Reader. Los Angeles: Sage Publications Ltd.
Ryhl, C. (2003). Sansernes Boliger. (Doctoral Thesis).
Ryhl, C. (2009). Tilgaengelighed - udfordringer, begreber og strategier SBi, nr 2009:12. Köbenhavn: Statens Byggeforskningsinstitut, SBi .
Steinfeld, E., & Maisel, J. (2012). Universal design. Creating inclusive environments. New York: Wiley&Son Ltd.
Story, M. F., Mueller, J. L., & Mace, R. L. (2011). The universal design file: Designing for people of all ages and abilities. Design Research and Methods Journal, 1(1).
Stake, R. E. (1995). The Art of Case Study Research. Thousand Oaks: CA: Sage. Van Dijk, T. A. (1998). Discourse as Interaction in Society. In T. A. Van Dijk (Ed.), Discourse as Social Interaction. London, Thousands Oaks, New Dehli: SAGE Publications.
Yin, R. K. (2003). Case Study Research, Design and Methods (3rd ed.). Thousands Oaks: Sage Publications, Inc.
How to Cite
Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.