European Listed Real Estate: The Capital Structure Perspective

Authors

  • Jaakko Niskanen Aalto University, School of Engineering, Department of real Estate, Planning, Geoinformatics, P.O. Box 15800, FI-00076 Aalto
  • Heidi Falkenbach Aalto University, School of Engineering, Department of real Estate, Planning, Geoinformatics, P.O. Box 15800, FI-00076 Aalto

Keywords:

European Real Estate, Real estate investment trusts, Real estate operating companies, real estate equities, Real estate investing

Abstract

This paper studies the capital structure decisions of European listed real estate companies, tax-neutral REITs (Real estate investment trusts), and tax-paying entities, REOCs (Real estate operating companies). The practical implications of REITs’ tax neutral status for their capital structure are of utmost interest not only for real estate practitioners, but also for financiers, such as equity holders, banks, and other potential sources of capital. The study concludes that the tax-neutral REITs are significantly less levered than their taxed counterparts, REOCs: Along with tax neutrality, a further potential reason for the structurally less monitored REOCs’ higher leverage could be an attempt to mitigate the potential agency costs with additional debt. The observed pattern in REIT/ REOC leverage is consistent throughout the studied sample.

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Published

2013-01-15

How to Cite

Niskanen, J., & Falkenbach, H. (2013). European Listed Real Estate: The Capital Structure Perspective. Nordic Journal of Surveying and Real Estate Research, 9(1). Retrieved from https://journal.fi/njs/article/view/6460

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Articles