Revivals of ancient religious traditions in modern India

Sāṃkhyayoga and Buddhism


  • Knut A. Jacobsen



The article compares the early stages of the revivals of Sāṃkhyayoga and Buddhism in modern India. A similarity of Sāṃkhyayoga and Buddhism was that both had disappeared from India and were revived in the modern period, partly based on Orientalist discoveries and writings and on the availability of printed books and publishers. Printed books provided knowledge of ancient traditions and made re-establishment possible and printed books provided a vehicle for promoting the new teachings. The article argues that absence of communities in India identified with these traditions at the time meant that these traditions were available as identities to be claimed.

Author Biography

Knut A. Jacobsen

KNUT A. JACOBSEN is Professor of the Study of Religion at the Department of Archaeology, History, Cultural Studies and Religion, University of Bergen, Norway.




How to Cite

Jacobsen, K. A. (2018). Revivals of ancient religious traditions in modern India: Sāṃkhyayoga and Buddhism. Temenos - Nordic Journal of Comparative Religion, 54(1), 63–77.