Free Zone Scientology and Other Movement Milieus: A Preliminary Characterization

  • James R. Lewis University of Tromsø
Keywords: Schism, Cultic Milieu, New Religious Movements, Social Movements, Scientology


Free Zone refers to the subculture constituted by people and organizations that adhere to the beliefs and practices of Scientology but who do so outside of – and without the sanction of – the Church of Scientology. The analysis in the present article uses the Free Zone plus a selection of comparable subcultures associated with other religious groups as case studies to explore the nature and structure of movement milieus. The notion of a movement milieu is derived from Colin Campbell’s influential formulation, though certain significant features of movement milieus serve to distinguish them from – and to make them more than simply subsets of – the cultic milieu.

Author Biography

James R. Lewis, University of Tromsø

Associate Professor

Institute of History and Religious Studies

How to Cite
Lewis, J. R. (2014). Free Zone Scientology and Other Movement Milieus: A Preliminary Characterization. Temenos - Nordic Journal of Comparative Religion, 49(2), 255-276.