Inhibition Evaluation of 5-(4-(1H-pyrrol-1-yl)phenyl)-2-mercapto-1,3,4-oxadiazole for the Corrosion of Mild Steel in an Acidic Environment: Thermodynamic and DFT Aspects
Keywords:Mild steel, corrosion, inhibition, oxadiazol, pyrrole, Langmuir
In this investigation, an oxadiazole namely 5-(4-(1H-pyrrol-1-yl)phenyl)-2-mercapto-1,3,4-oxadiazole (PMO), was synthesized and explored as an inhibitor against the corrosion of mild steel in 1.0 M hydrochloric acid environment at various solution temperature 303-333 K. gravimetric, and microscopic techniques, namely, weight loss (WL), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM), have been used to evaluate the inhibitive performance of the tested PMO. The results of the WL method displayed that the inhibition efficiency (%IE) was found to increase with the inhibitor concentration, while it reduced with increasing temperature. Furthermore, the WL results reveal that PMO inhibits corrosion display an IE of 95% at the highest concentration of 0.005 M. The SEM images of the mild steel surface coupon after adding PMO revealed a wide coverage of PMO molecules on the mild steel surface. Hence, the high inhibiting efficiency acquired by the tested inhibitor was explained by the strong adsorption of PMO molecules on the surface of mild steel. A protective layer has been constructed and it separating the mild steel surface from the hydrochloric acid solution, and such adsorption was found to obey Langmuir adsorption isotherm. Moreover, the thermodynamic parameters suggested that the adsorption nature of PMO molecules on the coupon surface was chemo-physisorption. Quantum chemical calculations were conducted by density functional theory (DFT) which help correlate the methodological findings with the theoretical investigations. The mechanisms of PMO molecules as corrosion inhibitor for mild steel surface in the corrosive environment was also discussed.
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Copyright (c) 2021 A. M. Mustafa, F. F. Sayyid, N. Betti, M. M. Hanoon, Ahmed Al-Amiery, A. A. H. Kadhum, M. S. Takriff
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