A critical review of the effect of nano-lubricant on the performance of hydrodynamic journal bearing
Keywords:Nanolubricants, Journal Bearings, Coefficient of friction, Load Carrying Capacity, Viscosity models
The applications of nano-lubricants in journal bearing are found to be capable of improving load-carrying capacity and reducing friction. Many numerical and experimental investigations have been performed to find the effect of nano-lubricants on the performance of the journal bearing. In this paper, a state-of-the-art review is done of the articles of numerical and experimental assessments of the effect of nano-lubricants on the performance of journal bearings. Here research articles are classified on the basis of nanoparticles used as nano-additive, which are further classified in the category of numerical and experimental study. It is seen that the application of nano TiO2, CuO and Al2O3 based nano-lubricants gives much higher load-carrying capacity than the base lubricants. This article concludes by discussing the effect of different nanoparticle-based nano-lubricants on the performance characteristics of the journal bearing and mathematical models used for numerical investigations.