CAF and CAMM analyses on the first 10 years of national Kanta services in Finland

  • Vesa Jormanainen Finnish Institute for Health and Welfare (THL), Helsinki
  • Jarmo Reponen University of Oulu, Oulu
Keywords: health information systems, health information exchange, clinical pharmacy information systems, electronic health records, technology assessment


We report the large-scale deployment, implementation and adoption of the nationwide centralized integrated and shared Kanta health information services by using the Clinical Adoption Framework (CAF). The meso and macro level dimensions of the CAF were incorporated early into our e-health evaluation framework to assess Health Information System (HIS) implementation at the national level. We found strong support for the CAF macro level model concepts in Finland. Typically, development programs were followed by government policy commitments, appropriate legislation and state budget funding before the CAF meso level implementation activities. Our quantitative data point to the fact that implementing large-scale health information technology (HIT) systems in practice is a rather long process. For HIT systems success in particular citizens’ and professionals’ acceptance are essential. When implementation of the national health information systems was evaluated against Clinical Adoption Meta-Model (CAMM), the results show that Finland has already passed many milestones in CAMM archetypes. According to our study results, Finland seems to be a good laboratory entity to study practical execution of HIT systems, CAF and CAMM theoretical constructs can be used for national level HIS implementation evaluation.


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Scientific articles
Dec 23, 2020
How to Cite
Jormanainen, V., & Reponen, J. (2020). CAF and CAMM analyses on the first 10 years of national Kanta services in Finland . Finnish Journal of EHealth and EWelfare, 12(4), 302–315.