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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The Author grants a permission to the publisher to publish the article in electronic format and in printed journal. Author agrees to immediate open access publishing and the possible conversion to a new format, if keeping the article publicly accessible calls for it.

Author Guidelines


The manuscripts should be in British English. Please submit your manuscript without any identifying information about the author(s), including their names, affiliations, and contact details. Tables and figures should be submitted as separate original files. The optimum length of the manuscript is around 20 pages, tables and original figures included. As to the overall appearance of the book, please see back issues of the Yearbook.

Title page

The title page should include the title of the article, name of the the author(s) and institutional affiliation followed by the abstract. Please capitalize the first letter of the major words of the title.  

Abstract and keywords

Each article should have an informative abstract of not more than 150 words. The abstract should state the topics, methods, and results of the study, as well as the keywords. 


Please number the tables consecutively in the order in which they are cited in the text. (Tables will be placed as close as possible to the place where they are first mentioned in the text).

Capitalize the first word in the title. The title should be placed above the table.

Do not use horizontal or vertical lines in the body of the table.


Figures are numbered consecutively in the order in which they are cited in the text. The first word in the title is capitalized. The title should be placed above the figure. Alt text (alternative text) should be added to describe the appearance and function of an image.

Footnotes and endnotes

Footnotes and endnotes should be avoided. 


* Abbreviations: Write out abbreviations at first use in the text and abbreviate after that: "community-based distribution (CBD) was examined..."

* Numbers: Use 1,000 instead of 1000. Write 3.6%, not 3.6 % and per thousand, not o/oo. Write percent, not per cent.

* Hyphenation: 10-year age group, population aged 55-64, five-year age group, sixty-five-year-old person, 55-64-year-olds, age-specific, two-thirds, one-third

* Without hyphen: socioeconomic, extramarital, premarital, breakup, noneconomic, nonmarital, southwestern

* In the 1950s, not in the 1950's

* Plural verb: Forty-six percent of adolescent women have had..., nearly one-third of adult men havehad..., only part of all abortions are known..., one-fifth of all women were married...

* Headings: All headings should be in lower case and only the first word capitalized.

According to Anglo-American usage, references in text are not gathered at the end of every paragraph to show where the ideas came from, instead references tend to come earlier in the paragraph, as the ideas are presented (Guidelines... 2001).

References are usually written inside a sentence, before the period, regardless of whether they refer to a single sentence or a longer passage. (Guidelines... 2001).


The author-date system is used in documentation. The references should be given within the text itself. Please avoid footnotes or endnotes. If you refer in the course of the paper to two or more publications by the same author in the same year, the form is e.g. Jones 1983a, Jones 1983b. Each reference cited in the text must be included in the reference list at the end of the manuscript, and vice versa. Citations in the text should include the author's surname and year of publication in the following style:

* One author: Pitkänen (1993) or (Pitkänen 1993)

* Two authors: Lutz and Prinz (1992) or (Lutz and Prinz 1992)

* Three authors: Include all authors at first mention in text; subsequent references to the same citation should include first author followed by "et al."

* Four or more authors: Use the name of first author followed by "et al." (Valkonen et al. 1992), BUT include all author names in the reference list.

* Cite multiple references within parentheses alphabetically; separate with semicolons: (Lutz and Prinz 1992; Reijo and Valkonen 1993).

* When a publication bears no author's name and is published by a group, government agency, or an association the name of that group may serve as the author in text references or reference lists: (International Statistics Institute 1964) or the shortened version in text references (ISA 1964).

* Citation of particular pages: (Valkonen 1992, 157-58)

* Two or more works by the same author: (Kannisto 1988, 1990)

* Manuscripts accepted for publication but not yet published: Mielke and Pitkänen (in press) or Mielke and Pitkänen, in press.

* In case of a second hand reference use (Jones 1874, as cited in Smith 1990). Both Jones and Smith then get full entries in the Reference List.

* Dictionaries and encyclopedias: (The Multilingual...1982), (The New Encyclopedia...1974). 

Reference list

* A complete reference includes author, the year of publication, title of work, and publishing information.

* Cite references in alphabetical order by first author's surname. References by a single author precede multiauthored works by the same author, regardless of date. For works with multiple authors, include the names of all the authors. (See example below.) Insert a period and space after each initial of an author's name.

* List multiple works by the same author(s) chronologically, beginning with earliest date of publication. Use a long dash when the author(s) is (are) the same as in the immediately preceding citation.

* Encyclopedias and dictionaries are listed by title, not by editor.

* "In press" or "forthcoming" citations should have been accepted for publication; the name of the journal or publisher should be included.

* Journals: Title of articlecapitalize only first letter of first word and proper nouns; end with period. Journal titlecapitalize first letter of every major word. Include volume and number of journal issue and pages of article. Style for page numbers: 32-7; 271-9; 1,021-79.

* Monographs: Title of book: capitalize only first letter of first word and proper nouns; end with period. Provide edition and series information if relevant. Cite city/state (U.S.) or city/country (non-U.S.), and publisher (not printer).

* Translation of references: the Finnish or Swedish title should be translated into English and the translation placed in square brackets after the title.

Reference examples

FYPR references are based on the APA style. See examples below.

Journal, single author

Valkonen, T. (1992). Trends in regional and socio-economic mortality differentials in Finland. International Journal of Health Sciences 3(3/4), 157-66.

Journal, multiple authors

Mielke, J. H., &  Pitkänen, K.J. (1989). War demography: the impact of the 1808-09 war on the civilian population of Åland, Finland. European Journal of Population 5(4), 373-98.

Unpublished paper presented at meetings and conferences

Säävälä, M. (2008). Nordic immigration policies and the reality of arranged marriages among immigrants.
Paper presented at The 16th Nordic Demographic Symposium: Family Forerunners? Families and Demographic Processes in Northern Europe, Helsinki, 5-7 June 2008.


Valkonen, T., Martelin, T., Rimpelä, A., Notkola, V., & Savela , S. (1993). Socioeconomimortality differences in Finland 1981-90. Population 1993, No. 1. Helsinki: Statistics Finland.

Book published by an organization, association, or corporation as "author"

ISA (International Statistics Institute) (1964). Proceedings of the 34th session, International Statistics Institute, Ottawa, 1963. 2 vols. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Statistics Finland (2010). Väestönmuutokset 2008 [Vital statistics]. Population 2010. Helsinki: Statistics Finland.

Encyclopedias and dictionaries

Multilingual Demographic Dictionary: English Section (1982). Edited by van de Walle, E. and Henry, L. Liege: Ordina Editions.

The New Encyclopedia Britannica (1974). Volume 16. Chicago, IL: Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc.

Book chapter

Hobcraft, J. (1993). Data needs for fertility analysis in the 1990s. In Blum, A. and Rallu, J. L. (Eds.) European population, Volume 2: Demographic dynamics, pp. 447-60, Congresses & Colloquia, No. 9. Montrouge, France: John Libbey Eurotext.

Multiple citations by same author(s)

Kannisto, V. (1988) On the survival of centenarians and the span of life. Population Studies 42(3), 389-6.

---. 1990. Mortality of the elderly in late 19th and early 20th century Finland. Studies, No. 175. Helsinki: Central Statistical Office of Finland.Working Paper

Working paper

Reijo, M. (1992). Disability and mortality among middle-aged males in counties of Finland. IIASA Working Paper, No. WP 92-37. Luxenburg, Austria: International Institute for Applied Systems.

Translation of references

Lehto, E. (1992). Pienet ikäluokat - suuret eläkkeet [Small age groups - high pensions]. TTT Katsaus 20(4),14-25.

Electronic references 

Articles and books obtained from the Internet follow the same pattern as those cited above, with the exception that page numbers are omitted and the URL or doi and date of access are included. In the case of stable electronic publications the date of access is not necessary.

Kannisto, V. (2000). Measuring the compression of mortality. Demographic Research 3(6)


The International Encyclopedia of Sexuality (1997). New York: NY: Continuum. [accessed 16 February 2011].

Book chapters

Kontula, Osmo and Haavio-Mannila, Elina (1997). Finland. In: The International Encyclopedia of Sexuality, Vol. 1.  New York, NY: Continuum. [accessed 16 February 2011].

Statistical table

United Nations Population Division (2009). World contraceptive use 2009. New York, NY: United Nations, Population Division, Department of Economic and Social Affairs. [accessed 16 February 2010].


The Yearbook author information was updated on December 12, 2014

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