Disability by occupation in Finland 1986-90


  • Airi Pajunen
  • Veijo Notkola
  • Päivi Leino-Arjas


disability pensions, occupation, mortality, Finland


The present paper describes differences in the standardized disability ratio between occupations in Finland in 1986-1990. Furthermore, it gives an overview of the relationship between occupational disability and mortality. The data are based on the 1985 census records in Finland linked with all disability pensions during the period 1986-1990. The study includes the entire male and female labor force aged 25-54 years in 1985. An indirect standardization method was used to calculate the standardized disability ratio for each occupation. Results indicated clear differences in disability by occupations for both men and women. Among both sexes, the manual workers occupations had higher standardized disability ratios and white-collar occupations had lower ratios than the entire labor force. The disability of male occupations correlated strongly with occupational mortality, whereas among women the correlation between mortality and disability was weaker.

Jan 1, 1995

How to Cite

Pajunen, A., Notkola, V., & Leino-Arjas, P. (1995). Disability by occupation in Finland 1986-90. Finnish Yearbook of Population Research, 32, 70–79. https://doi.org/10.23979/fypr.44883