Differences in Sickness Allowance Receipt between Swedish Speakers and Finnish Speakers in Finland

A Register-based Study

  • Kaarina S. Reini Åbo Akademi
  • Jan Saarela Åbo Akademi

Abstract

Previous research has documented lower disability retirement and mortality rates of Swedish speakers as compared with Finnish speakers in Finland. This paper is the first to compare the two language groups with regard to the receipt of sickness allowance, which is an objective health measure that reflects a less severe poor health condition. Register-based data covering the years 1988-2011 are used. We estimate logistic regression models with generalized estimating equations to account for repeated observations at the individual level. We find that Swedish-speaking men have approximately 30 percent lower odds of receiving sickness allowance than Finnish-speaking men, whereas the difference in women is about 15 percent. In correspondence with previous research on all-cause mortality at working ages, we find no language-group difference in sickness allowance receipt in the socially most successful subgroup of the population.

Keywords: Finland, language groups, sickness allowance
Section
Articles
Published
Dec 15, 2017
How to Cite
Reini, K., & Saarela, J. (2017). Differences in Sickness Allowance Receipt between Swedish Speakers and Finnish Speakers in Finland. Finnish Yearbook of Population Research, 52, 43-58. https://doi.org/10.23979/fypr.66598