Hungarian shamanism, material and history of research


  • Jenö Fazekas


Shamanism -- Hungary, Experience (Religion), Folklore, Hungarian, Shamans, Christianity and paganism, Hungary -- History


It is claimed that it is possible to recover an important segment of the religion of pre-Christian Hungary and its intellectual culture by attempting to isolate the shamanistic survival in Hungarian folk tradition. According to certain scholars this shamanistic element came from the East some thousand years ago to the region now dominated by Hungarian folk tradition along with the migrant Hungarians. It should consequently be compared foremost with shamanism in the Eastern lands where the Hungarians originated and where shamanistic beliefs and practices were living until quite recently, principally Siberia. At the same time, however, one must also take into account the contact between the invaders and other tribes in Central-Asia and South-East Europe. Furthermore, the Hungarians encountered and underwent the influence of beliefs that already existed in the land of their adoption before their arrival. Finally, all these traditions were again modified and overlaid by Christian ideas and customs.



How to Cite

Fazekas, J. (1967). Hungarian shamanism, material and history of research. Scripta Instituti Donneriani Aboensis, 1, 97–119.