Religious dietary rules and the protection of religious freedom: some evidence from practice in Italy

  • Miriam Abu Salem University of Calabria
Keywords: Food -- Religious aspects -- Comparative studies, Eating and meals, Diet, Cooking, Food habits, Nutrition, Freedom, Religious, Church and state, Schools, Education, Civil rights -- Italy, Islam, Muslims, Judaism, Jews

Abstract

In the Italian system freedom of worship provided by the Constitution is safeguarded by unilateral and contractual norms, sanctioned for minority confessions by an agreement, named intesa, that also concerns dietary issues. Muslim communities, however, as they have no intesa with the Italian state, are always compelled to negotiate in respect of their religious norms. Religious freedom concerns- not only ritual acts, but also behaviours including dietary ones, which are based on religious beliefs. The aim of this paper is to critically reconstruct how Italy takes charge of religiously-motivated needs concerning food and beverages, both for those confessions holding an intesa (such as Hebraism) and for those not (Islam), in order to trace the real degree to which freedom of worship is guaranteed in Italy. The analysis will be focused on the bargaining for religious dietary rules in schools and in constraining institutes, as they are main social spaces of confrontation between believers and the state. 
Section
Articles
Published
Apr 13, 2015
How to Cite
Abu Salem, M. (2015). Religious dietary rules and the protection of religious freedom: some evidence from practice in Italy. Scripta Instituti Donneriani Aboensis, 26, 181-200. https://doi.org/10.30674/scripta.67453