“A Shmita Manifesto”: a radical sabbatical approach to Jewish food reform in the United States

  • Adrienne Krone Duke University
Keywords: Jews -- Diaspora, United States, Sabbath, Food -- Religious aspects -- Judaism, Eating and meals, Diet, Jewish cooking, Food habits, Nutrition, Environmentalism, Global warming, Environmental ethics, Agriculture, Jewish law, Food security

Abstract

A revolutionary movement recently cropped up with a vision to revitalize American Jewish environmentalism through food reform. This movement implemented shmita (sabbatical) year practices, which Jewish law mandates only inside the land of Israel, in the United States during the shmita year that began in September 2014. This article offers a brief historical overview of shmita and then utilizes the main texts of the shmita movement to explore how the Shmita Project connects- the diverse worlds of Judaism, environmentalism, ethics, and food reform. The Shmita Project encapsulates a multivalent environmentalist strain of American Judaism that is deeply concerned with climate change, industrial agriculture, and food injustice. The unprecedented- observance- of an American shmita year, focused on land stewardship and food security, is emblematic- of this movement’s efforts towards sustainable agriculture, animal welfare, and repairing the American food system through practices that are inspired by Jewish tradition and values. 
Section
Articles
Published
Apr 13, 2015
How to Cite
Krone, A. (2015). “A Shmita Manifesto”: a radical sabbatical approach to Jewish food reform in the United States. Scripta Instituti Donneriani Aboensis, 26, 303–25. https://doi.org/10.30674/scripta.67459