Contemporary discourses on general definitions of antisemitism
A review article
Keywords:IHRA, JDA, Nexus, Helen Fein, definition, working tool, antisemitism
This review article gives an overview of the two most influential definitions of antisemitism in Europe: the non-legally binding working definition by the International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance (IHRA) and the so-called Jerusalem Declaration on Antisemitism. Furthermore, the article explains where the definitions come from and summarises the current debates and discourses on how to define antisemitism in view of the history and politics of Europe. It also gives brief attention to the Nexus Document as a third influential definition, which plays a more important role in the United States. The article ends with a reflection on the definition offered by the historian Helen Fein, which is more action-based, and Amos Morris-Reich’s statement of the importance of reflecting on the role of language and the ability of language to create hate and to hurt.
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Copyright (c) 2022 Jonah Jehoshua Jürgen Bogle
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