The Jews in Finland and World War II

  • Tapani Harviainen Helsinki University
Keywords: World War, 1939-1945, Jews -- Finland, War, Soldiers, Armed forces


In the years 1989–1944 two different wars against the Soviet Union were imposed upon Finland. During the Winter War of 1989–1940 Germany remained strictly neutral on the basis of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact&&Great Britain and France planned intervention in favour of Finland. When the second, so-called Continuation War broke out in the summer of 1041, Finland was co-belligerent of Germany, and Great Britain declared war on Finland in December 1941. De jure, however, Finland was never an ally of Germany, and at the end of the war, in the winter 1944–1945, the Finnish armed forces expelled the German troops from Lapland, which was devastated by the Germans during their retreat to Norway. Military service was compulsory for each male citizen of Finland. In 1939 the Jewish population of Finland numbered 1 700. Of these, 260 men were called up and approximately 200 were sent to serve at the front during the Winter War.
Sep 1, 2000
How to Cite
Harviainen, T. (2000). The Jews in Finland and World War II. Nordisk Judaistik/Scandinavian Jewish Studies, 21(1-2), 157-166.