Moraalin luonne ja omantunnonkysymykset

  • Rauli Mickelsson University of Tampere
  • Markku Oksanen University of Turku

Abstrakti

The nature of human morality is a time-honoured theme in social sciences. This paper sheds light
on the nature of morality and moral-based or ethics-driven politics in a democratic society. It combines
empirical and theoretical research. As for the theoretical approach, the paper attempts to
identify the differences between political and moral deliberation and how the differences appear in
case studies. In countries with coalition governments politics is often about compromising. However,
there are limits for compromises and negotiations. These limits are often conceived in terms
of morality. A key feature of ethical deliberation is that the ethical convictions are ultimate and
non-negotiable. This is in stark contrast to most political issues that are negotiable. The empirical
part focuses on the so-called cases of conscience in Finnish parliamentary politics which split up the
established divisions of party-lines. We will study five recent cases in Finnish parliamentary politics.
Our empirical material consists of the transcripts of parliamentary debates and records of voting
behaviour. The debates will be analysed by means of argumentation analysis. The conclusion of the
article is that theoretical analysis and the outcomes of empirical analysis do not meet conveniently:
the cases of conscience in eduskunta are an exceptional way of coming to a decision in an exceptional
institution.

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Viittaaminen
Mickelsson, R., & Oksanen, M. (1). Moraalin luonne ja omantunnonkysymykset. Politiikka-Lehti, 53(3). Noudettu osoitteesta https://journal.fi/politiikka/article/view/60117