Endspeakers of Manx Gaelic: 'Terminal' or 'Full' in speech

  • George Broderick Universität Mannheim


This article looks at the last fifteen native Manx speakers who were recorded most by various bodies, e.g. Irish Folklore Commission (1948), Manx Museum (1950-52), and Yn Cheshaght Ghailckagh (Manx Language Society) (1951-53), and individuals (Carmody (1949, Wagner (1950), Jackson (1950-51), and their comments on the speakers, we look also at their family baclground as to how they came to acquire Manx and whether they learned it as a full or semi-speaker. After assessing all aspects a conclusion is reached.

Dec 5, 2018