Yläkoulun oppilaiden passiivin tuottamistaidot kielitietoisuuden ja kielen muutosten heijastajana

Upper comprehensive school students’ production skills of passive voice as a reflection of language awareness and language change


  • Annekatrin Kaivapalu Itä-Suomen yliopisto
  • Jasmin Rankinen Itä-Suomen yliopisto , Raudaskylän Kristillinen Opisto


kielitietoisuus, kielen muutos, passiivi, yläkoulun oppilaat, suomi


This article deals with Finnish-speaking upper comprehensive school students’ skills to produce Finnish passive verb inflections, with our focus on metalinguistic awareness and self-assessment. The aim of the study was to find out how the participants produce passive verb forms and how they evaluate their production skills. In addition, the study focused on the differences between using passive verbs in standard and colloquial Finnish. The data consisted of the answers to an electronic questionnaire by 111 students from the 7th, 8th, and 9th grades. The results show that the students can change active forms to passive forms quite well, but inflection of passive verbs and correcting colloquial forms to standard language is remarkably challenging for them. In inflecting passive verbs, the students evaluate their skills to be higher than what is reflected in their actual performance. The results of the study also indicate a strong entrenchment and conventionalization of passive congruence in standard Finnish.