Ten new Indo-European etymologies for the Celtic languages

  • Jouna Olavi Pyysalo University of Helsinki
Keywords: Celtic, Indo-European, Etymology

Abstract

This paper presents ten new etymologies between the Celtic and the Indo-European languages in a contribution to the reconstruction of the Proto-Indo-European parent langauge. The items compared are:

1. OIr. oenach- ‘an injury/wound’ : OSax. ēndago- ‘day of death’, Hitt. ingan- ‘Seuche, Pest, Todesfall’; 2. OIr. airecht- ‘assembly, meeting, conversation’ : LAv. vyāxa- ‘Versammlung’; 3. OIr. cumachtae- ‘pouvoir, puissance’ : TochB. ekaññe- ‘possession, equipment’, AV. aṣṭi- ‘Erreichung’; 4. OIr. ás- ‘croissance, fait de grandir/grossir’ : Maced. ἄξο- ‘ὑλή’; 5. OBret. iolent ‘precentur’ : Lat. hariolā- ‘wahrsagen’; 6. Midlr. cīch- (f.) ‘weibliche Brust’ : RV. kkasā- ‘Brust·bein’; 7. OIr. nái- ‘human being, person’ : TochA. napen- ‘Mensch’; 8. OIr. tol- ‘Wille’ : RV. turá- ‘Willfährig’; 9. OIr. nūadat- ‘hand, wrist or arm’ : RV. nodh-            ‘Elefant’ 10. OIr. aiged ’visage’ : OHG. agsiunî- ‘species : Aussehen, Angesicht’.

Section
Articles
Published
Feb 3, 2017