Mycorrhizal colonisation of highbush blueberry and its native relatives in central Finland

  • A. KASURINEN
  • T. HOLOPAINEN
  • S. ANTTONEN

Abstract

Transmission electromicroscopy, trypan blue staining in combination with stereomicroscope analysis and biochemical ergosterol assay were used to study the mycorrhizal symbionts in wild bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus), bog whortleberry (Vaccinium uliginosum) and highbush blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum) roots. TEM-analysis showed that in all species ericoid mycorrhizas formed hyphae coil inside the epidermal root cells. In stereomicroscopic viewing the highest mycorrhizal colonisation was observed in the roots of wild bilberries (51%), whereas according to the ergosterol assay the highest total fungal biomass of roots was found in bog whortleberries (209 mg g-1 of root d. wt). Both ergosterol and microscopical method showed that the mycorrhizal associations in blueberry cultivars and their wild relatives growing on natural soil medium are frequent, although ericoid mycorrhiza formation of highbush blueberries was somewhat weaker than that of wild bilberries and bog whortleberries.

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Section
Articles
Published
Dec 4, 2008
How to Cite
KASURINEN, A., HOLOPAINEN, T., & ANTTONEN, S. (2008). Mycorrhizal colonisation of highbush blueberry and its native relatives in central Finland. Agricultural and Food Science, 10(2), 113-119. https://doi.org/10.23986/afsci.5683