Ground beetle (Coleoptera, Carabidae) diversity in Finnish arable land

  • J.K. HELENIUS
  • J.K. HOLOPAINEN
  • E. HUUSELA-VEISTOLA

Abstract

Carabid data compiled from six independent studies, consisting of 97 799 individuals trapped by pitfalls from Finnish agricultural fields and identified to 111 species were analyzed. Shannon-Wiener H' diversity index was typically around 2.5 and expected species number rarefied to 600 trapped individuals was typically around 30 species. The five most abundant species accounted for 42% of the total catch, and the thirty most abundant species made up 98% of the total catch. Percentage similarities among the assemblages by PS-index were from 16% to 48%. In comparison to published data about carabid diversity in boreal forests, which form the dominating habitat matrix in which Finnish farmland is embedded as relatively small patches, arable fields harbor more species rich assemblages, with more even rank-abundance distributions but variable species composition. Importance of landscape (regional) level, instead of spatial level of crop fields, in understanding carabid diversity in farmland is discussed. Inclusion of carabids into monitoring schemes of agro-biodiversity at landscape level is suggested.

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Section
Articles
Published
Jan 3, 2001
How to Cite
HELENIUS, J., HOLOPAINEN, J., & HUUSELA-VEISTOLA, E. (2001). Ground beetle (Coleoptera, Carabidae) diversity in Finnish arable land. Agricultural and Food Science, 10(3), 261-276. https://doi.org/10.23986/afsci.5699