Developing a genetic evaluation system for milk traits in Russian black and white dairy cattle

  • Andrei Andreevich Kudinov University of Helsinki; Russian Research Institute of Farm Animal Genetics and Breeding — Branch of the L.K. Ernst Federal Science Center for Animal Husbandry
  • Jarmo Juga University of Helsinki, FI-00014 Helsinki, Finland
  • Esa A. Mäntysaari Natural Resources Institute Finland (Luke), FI-31600 Jokioinen, Finland
  • Ismo Strandén Natural Resources Institute Finland (Luke), FI-31600 Jokioinen, Finland
  • Ekaterina I. Saksa Russian Research Institute of Farm Animal Genetics and Breeding — Branch of the L.K. Ernst Federal Science Center for Animal Husbandry, Saint-Petersburg, Russia
  • Michael G. Smaragdov University of Helsinki, FI-00014 Helsinki, Finland
  • Pekka Uimari University of Helsinki, FI-00014 Helsinki, Finland

Abstract

Mixed linear models have been applied for predicting breeding values of dairy cattle in most of the developed countries since the 1980s. However, the Russian Federation is still using the old contemporary comparison method. The objective of our study was to develop a best linear unbiased prediction (BLUP) for an animal model of breeding values for the Leningrad region. We tested both a first-lactation model (FLM) and a multi-lactation repeatability model (MLM). The data included milk records of 206 114 cows from 49 herds. Estimated heritabilities from FLM were 0.24, 0.20, and 0.20 for milk, protein, and fat yields, respectively, and 0.18, 0.19, and 0.20 from MLM. Repeatabilities were 0.34 for milk yield and 0.31 for both fat and protein yields. Genetic trends were similar for both models (FLM vs MLM): 59 vs 56 kg year-1 for milk, 1.90 vs 1.84 kg year-1 for fat, and 1.67 vs 1.62 kg year-1 for protein yield during 2000–2016. Based on the difference between the genetic trends in FLM and MLM, the applied BLUP method passed the validation method I by Interbull.

Section
Articles
Published
Jun 25, 2018
How to Cite
Kudinov, A., Juga, J., Mäntysaari, E., Strandén, I., Saksa, E., Smaragdov, M., & Uimari, P. (2018). Developing a genetic evaluation system for milk traits in Russian black and white dairy cattle. Agricultural and Food Science, 27(2), 85–95. https://doi.org/10.23986/afsci.69772