The State Institute for Technical Research, Laboratory for Food Research and Technology, Otaniemi
Experiments have been made in the development of various new black-currant products, such as cloudy juice, juice concentrate and various freeze-dried preparations, along with a study of the effect of these different methods of preparation on the initial quality and storage properties. The quality was assessed from the stability of ascorbic acid and colour, the aroma number, and organoleptic evaluation. Storage lasted up to 8 months. It was established that the cloudiness exercised a slight protective effect on ascorbic acid. However, the instability of the cloud meant that the appearance of the cloudy juice was less attractive than that of the clear juice. No well-founded advantage of the cloudy juice could be demonstrated. Concentration proved less suitable, as there occurred harmful changes in ascorbic acid, colour and organoleptic properties. The freezing-drying method was excellent with respect to ascorbic acid and colour. In contrast, considerable losses in aroma occurred, with consequent weakening of the organoleptic properties. This method would be of advantage only in combination with aroma recovery, and solution of the financial problems involved. The results are discussed in the light of relevant literature.
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