Impact of protein hydrolysate biostimulants on growth of barley and wheat and their interaction with symbionts and pathogens

  • Christoph Stephan Schmidt The Czech Academy of Sciences, Institute of Botany
  • Libor Mrnka The Czech Academy of Sciences, Institute of Botany
  • Tomáš Frantík The Czech Academy of Sciences, Institute of Botany
  • Martin Bárnet AGRA Group a.s.
  • Miroslav Vosátka The Czech Academy of Sciences, Institute of Botany
  • Eva Baldassarre Švecová The Czech Academy of Sciences, Institute of Botany

Abstract

We compared the biostimulant effect of a novel chicken feather hydrolysate (FH) and a reference protein hydrolysate (RH) on barley and wheat in a pot experiment. Their interactions with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) and phosphorus (P) supply were also addressed. All experimental factors influenced barley growth. Shoot height and biomass of barley were increased by FH and reduced by RH. AMF decreased barley biomass at high P-supply. In wheat, the biomass was slightly reduced by AMF while other factors had no significant effect. In the parallel field experiment, RH but not FH increased yield and grain size of barley, while there was no significant effect of either hydrolysate on wheat. Application time had no effect on hydrolysate efficacy. Both hydrolysates promoted severity of net blotch (Pyrenophora teres maculata) on barley in the pot experiment, but reduced it in field. FH promoted wheat root colonisation by AMF under low-P supply. Our results show limited transferability of pot results to field conditions and manifest complex interactions between hydrolysates, soil phosphorus, and plant symbionts and pathogens.

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Section
Articles
Published
Jun 18, 2020
How to Cite
Schmidt, C. S., Mrnka, L., Frantík, T., Bárnet, M., Vosátka, M., & Baldassarre Švecová, E. (2020). Impact of protein hydrolysate biostimulants on growth of barley and wheat and their interaction with symbionts and pathogens. Agricultural and Food Science, 29(3), 222–238. https://doi.org/10.23986/afsci.84790