Effect of harvest time on storage loss and sprouting in onion

  • T. SUOJALA

Abstract

Storability of onion is affected by timing of harvest. However, the optimal time for maximum yield and maximum storability do not necessarily coincide. This study aimed to determine the most suitable harvest time for obtaining a high bulb yield with high quality and storability. Storage experiments were conducted on onions produced in field experiments at a research field and on farms in four years. Results indicate that harvesting could be delayed to 100% maturity, or even longer, without a marked increase in storage loss. In rainy years, late harvest is likely to impair the quality. The incidence of sprouting in shelf life tests varied considerably between years. An early harvest before 50% maturity and a delayed harvest increased the risk of sprouting. It may be concluded that the harvesting of onions for long-term storage can be timed to take place between 50% maturity and even some weeks after complete maturity without a loss in storage quality. Therefore, it is possible to combine high yield and good storage quality.

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Section
Articles
Published
Jan 4, 2001
How to Cite
SUOJALA, T. (2001). Effect of harvest time on storage loss and sprouting in onion. Agricultural and Food Science, 10(4), 323-333. https://doi.org/10.23986/afsci.5704