This study estimates shadow prices for land parcel characteristics in Finland, such as size and distance from the compound, by adding these characteristics to the conditional profit maximisation model. The profit functions are production line-specific, and the endogenous choice of production line is controlled for by a switching-type Probit-model. The results suggest that the small parcel size and their long distances from the compound significantly affect the farmer choice of allocating most land either to grass or to grain. The endogenous choice of line of production also has significant statistical implications in relation to profits, output supplies and input demand. Small parcel size was found to increase costs significantly by hindering farmers from adopting the most efficient production technologies and practices. The ongoing rapid structural development in Finnish agriculture implies that the constraints imposed by small parcels of land are becoming more and more costly. Grassland farming is predicted to loose its comparative advantage in the most fragmented agricultural areas, as farm sizes increase further. Operations to re-structure parcels of land amongst a group of neighbouring farms, although often costly and time consuming, will generate high returns.
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