Dynamics of selenium uptake and metabolism of organic selenium species in the leaves and seeds of Brassica napus L.
The essential micronutrient selenium (Se) is retained better in animal and human tissues in its organic forms while nonprotein selenoamino acids, such as selenomethylselenocysteine (SeMetSeCys), are considered as functional organic Se species. We studied the ability of oilseed rape Brassica napus to metabolize inorganic selenate/selenite (SeVI/SeIV) into various organic Se species, including SeMetSeCys. At 14 d after the inorganic Se application, 33% of the Se had accumulated as selenomethionine (SeMet) and 60% as SeVI, whereas no SeMetSeCys was detected. SeMet was the main organic Se species (53−94%) in seeds. Brassica napus selenocysteine methyltransferase (SMT) protein sequence revealed a substitution typical of nonaccumulators explaining the low SeMetSeCys accumulation. Brassica napus absorbs rapidly inorganic Se and converts it into organic Se forms, mainly SeMet, that are suitable for augmenting animal feed and thereby supplementing the human food chain in Se-deficient countries. In contrast, Se biofortification did not result in accumulation of the more valuable SeMetSeCys.
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Any part of the Agricultural and Food Science may be referred to assuming the Author, The Article, Publication with Volume and Number plus URL for the references have been provided.