Effect of residual nitrogen and fertilizer nitrogen on sugar beet production in Finland

  • Veikko Brummer Research Centre for Sugar Beet Cultivation, Salo
  • Erkki Aura Research Centre for Sugar Beet Cultivation, Salo

Abstract

Preliminary determinations for NO3- and NH4-N in topsoil from nitrogen field experiments are discussed. The amounts of residual nitrogen as well as the dates and depth for sampling are considerd in order to investigate the need of fertilizer-N for continuous sugar beet. Tops ploughed down as manure increased the available soil nitrogen by about 50 kg/ha. In practice nitrogen from fertilizer and farmyard manure given to previous beet crops seems to accumulate in the beet soils of Finland. The concentrations of nitrate and ammonium nitrogen in topsoil were low in the spring of 1972 and 1973. NO3-N increased in topsoil during the early summer, and the highest concentrations were found at the beginning of July. Starting from the middle of July the amount of NH4-N began to increase both in topsoil and in subsoil. With increasing amounts of nitrogen in the topsoil the sugar content decreases continuously. Also the α-amio N content of beets correlates with the soil nitrogen. There is experimental evidence that 150 180 kg/ha nitrate nitrogen in topsoil (residual + fertilizer N) in early July gives the best economic result. The effects of fertilizer and accumulated soil nitrogen on the sugar beet quality together with som other experimental data have been statistically analysed. Regression coefficients indicated that both forms of nitrogen affected the suger content, the α-amino N concentration and clear juice purity, in a similar way.

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Section
Articles
Published
Sep 1, 1974
How to Cite
Brummer, V., & Aura, E. (1974). Effect of residual nitrogen and fertilizer nitrogen on sugar beet production in Finland . Agricultural and Food Science, 46(3), 143-155. https://doi.org/10.23986/afsci.71890