Changes in content of major phenolic compounds during leaf development of sea buckthorn (Hippophaë rhamnoides L.)

  • Anne Morgenstern Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
  • Anders Ekholm Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
  • Petra Scheewe Hochschule für Technik und Wirtschaft Dresden (University of Applied Sciences)
  • Kimmo Rumpunen Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
Keywords: antioxidant capacity, flavonoids, FRAP, polyphenols, tannins

Abstract

Content of total phenolic compounds and antioxidant capacity (FRAP) were investigated in the leaves of three sea buckthorn (Hippophaë rhamnoides L.) cultivars: ‘Otradnaja’, ‘Gibrid Pertjika’ and ‘Ljubitelskaja’, at different dates. In addition, major phenolic compounds (catechin, kaempferol, quercetin, epigallocatechin, kaempferol-3-O-glucoside, quercetin-3-O-galactoside, isorhamnetin-3-O-glucoside, rutin, gallic acid, procyanidin monomer glycoside, procyanidin dimer aglycone and hydrolyzable tannins I–III) were determined in ‘Ljubitelskaja’. Antioxidant capacity and the content of total phenolic compounds fluctuated during April, May and June, and then increased until the end of July, when the highest values were observed. Total phenolic compounds were strongly correlated with FRAP. Levels were generally higher in ‘Ljubitelskaja’ than in ‘Otradnaja’ and ‘Gibrid Pertjika’. In ‘Ljubitelskaja’, hydrolyzable tannins I–III occurred in higher amounts than did any of the other studied phenolic compounds. The developmental stage of the leaves (harvesting date) had a strong influence on content of phenolic compounds and should be carefully considered when harvesting sea buckthorn leaves for different purposes.

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Section
Articles
Published
Oct 8, 2014
How to Cite
Morgenstern, A., Ekholm, A., Scheewe, P., & Rumpunen, K. (2014). Changes in content of major phenolic compounds during leaf development of sea buckthorn (Hippophaë rhamnoides L.). Agricultural and Food Science, 23(3), 207-219. https://doi.org/10.23986/afsci.9489